Windows 10 Home vs Windows 10 Pro vs Windows 10 S. Виндовс 10 pro


Обзор Windows 10 Pro | MoverSoft

Обзор написан по системе «Windows 10 Pro build 10240 x64». Статью неоднократно обновлял уже. На системе уже пачка обновлений, так что информация свежая.

Процесс установки ничем не отличается от Windows 8.1, поэтому не буду тратить на него буквы.

Интерфейс

Система встречает нас шикарными обоями. Я даже сохранил их на будущее.

 

Центр уведомлений, скорее всего, будет полезен, но придётся подождать, когда весь софт научится с ним работать. К тому же он регулярно глючит. Показывает индикацией, что есть новые уведомления, а там пусто.

 

 

 

 

Интерфейс для подключения к Wi-fi сетям чуть лучше, чем в Windows 8.1, но в целом всё так же, безнадёжно, ужасен. Лучше бы вернули как в Windows 7.

  

Меню «Пуск» отвратительное. Да лучше, чем в 8.1, но хуже, чем в 7. Из коробки неудобное. Настроек очень мало. Выкинул все плитки, что были по умолчанию, кроме погоды. Сократил ширину и закинул своих плиток. Стало гораздо практичнее. Список часто используемых приложений всего лишь 6 пунктов. Очень мало! К тому же есть глюк, что пуск просто перестаёт открываться. Такой же глюк при клике на часы в трее. Должен открываться календарь, но часто не открывается.

Драйвера, настройки, обновления

KMS активация не заставила себя ждать. Это радует.

Со звуком были проблемы. При установке драйвера по умолчанию выбралось не то устройство. Это конечно не страшно, но когда я выбрал нужное устройство и попытался включить музыку, то оказалось что служба Windows Audio остановлена. Странно.

Сразу же пугают своим убогим интерфейсом и разбросанностью настройки. Половина в нормальном виде. Половина в дерьмовом сенсорном. Наблюдение: все хорошие настройки прячутся в контекстном меню.

 

Следом за настройками меня расстраивает «Центр обновлений Windows». Обновления нельзя отключить. Но самое страшное для меня, что нельзя выборочно устанавливать обновления. Скачались драйвера, которые мне не нужны. Надеюсь это всё таки исправят в будущем. Странная особенность: обновления не устанавливаются, при штатном завершении работы. Нужно обязательно ткнуть перезагрузку из окна центра обновлений.

Давайте рассмотрим подробнее что нам предлагают на примере пакета обновлений от 12.08.2015. Всего обновлений = 24. Из них для самой Windows = 1. Не густо. Из них обновления для Internet Explorer, Skype for Business, PowerPoint, Access, OneDrive for Businness, OneNote 2013, Project 2013, Outlook 2013. Эти приложения либо не установлены в моей системе, либо мне не нужны. Итого: 8 ненужных мне обновлений, которые сожрут трафик, время и ресурсы моего ПК. 33% бесполезных обновлений, которые я не могу контролировать. Microsoft, иди в задницу!

  

Не могу понять, как в свежей (ещё зеленой) системе может быть установлен старый DirectX? Июнь 2010 года! Такая же проблема была в Windows 8.1. Мне этого не понять.

 

 

 

Частенько подвисает удаление/переименования файлов на 1-2 минуты.

Встроенные приложения

Будьте готовы к тому, что большая часть приложений не будет работать без учетной записи Microsoft. Не понравилось, то что нельзя указать аккаунт для всех приложений, но при этом логиниться под локальной учетной записью. Ибо мне лень дома вводить пароль от аккаунта при включении ПК.

«Фотографии» не хотят листать картинки, если запустить их из Total Commander. Если открыть из проводника, то всё нормально. Для меня такое поведение — смертный приговор. Пользоваться этим приложением не буду. Поставил стороннюю гляделку.

 

 

«Диспетчер телефонов» сначала меня обрадовал. Поддерживает все актуальные мобильные ОС. Но когда я подключил смартфон, то понял, что это бесполезный кусок байтов. Никаких интересных функций для Android не увидел. А вот ошибочек хватает: 0% батареи показывает — врёт. 2,2 ГБ бесплатно? Серьёзно? Я заплатил за этот смартфон. Наверное всё таки «свободно», а не бесплатно.

Приложение «Музыка» неудобное. Не поддерживает Drag-and-drop.

 

 

 

«Будильники и часы» отличная идея, хреново реализованная. Почему-то нет звуков у таймеров. Нет ненавязчивого короткого звука у будильника. Приложение нужное, но в таком исполнении бесполезное. Неужели в Microsoft совсем нет светлых умов :(

 

Вот мы и добрались до приложения, которым я попробую пользоваться — это «Календарь». Выглядит прилично. Сенсорная заточка конечно, но переживу. Не хватает возможности отмечать события разными цветами. Сначала уведомления исправно работали, а потом в один момент перестали. Я пробовал удалить событие и создать опять. Не помогло…

 

 

Приложение «Карты» заставило меня опять вспомнить про смартфон, но я ведь на ПК! Для моего города по умолчанию выглядит ужасно. Как-то опоздал Microsoft с картами. Я уже привык к Навителу, Гуглу и 2гис.

 

 

«Магазин» напоминает маркет от  Google. Ничего интересного для ПК тут не вижу.

 

 

 

 

Приложение «Обратитесь в службу технической поддержки» доставило много удовольствия. Просто смотрим скриншот и улыбаемся.

 

 

 

Приложение «Погода» тоже попробую использовать. Если не будет сильных расхождений с Гисметео, то оно у меня приживётся. Выглядит симпатично.

 

 

 

Приложение «Финансы». Тут можно посмотреть курс евро и доллара. Остальное мне не интересно. Много рекламы.

 

 

 

«OneNote» не впечатлил. Всякие списки и одиночные заметки. Порадовал только фон в клеточку. Привет, Школа! Информацию хранит в Вашем OneDrive.

 

 

 

Приложение «Почта». Приятно, что в списке сразу был сервис от Google. В новые письма добавляет строку «Отправлено из Почты для Windows 10». Совсем обнаглели ребята. Вряд ли буду пользоваться. Меня полностью устраивает веб-интерфейс.

 

«Запись голоса» аля диктофон. Опять смотрю, как мой ПК превращается в смартфон. Прохожу мимо.

На «Калькулятор» не буду тратить время. Он превратился в сенсорный и всё.

Приложение «Камера» у меня так и не запустилось. Подключил специально ради обзора камеру Microsoft VX-1000, не помогло. Хотя вроде камера родственник операционной системы. Видимо работать будет только на смартфоне.

Облако «OneDrive». Дают 15 ГБ. Google мне даёт 17 ГБ. Так что будем считать, что маловато. Хочу всех предупредить! Если хотите сменить каталог, где будет храниться облако, то сделайте это сразу. Потом я не нашёл такой настройки. Минус, однако.

В системе 2 браузера! Internet Explorer и Edge. Они сами не смогли определиться какой лучше? Могли бы 3 тогда запихать.

«3D Builder»? Microsoft думают, что 3D принтеры уже у каждого дома? Это конечно очень нужный софт. Его никак нельзя было оставить в Магазине.

«Xbox» туда же. Грязный пиар своей консоли. Второе абсолютно лишнее приложение в новой операционной системе.

Итог

Всё время, потраченное на статью, меня не покидало ощущение, что я обозреваю новый смартфон. Нельзя так плевать в сторону ПК, господин Наделла. Система оставляет двоякое впечатление. Новизна притягивает. Неудобные убогие настройки отталкивают. Много хороших идей, но реализации не вижу. Настроек катастрофические не хватает. Интерфейс для сенсоров губит хорошую систему. Лучше бы не пытались сделать гибридную систему. За 2 зайцами погонишься…

Для себя принял решение, что пока Microsoft не даст контроль над обновлениями — пользоваться Windows 10 я не буду.

PS: мечтаю о Windows 10 с интерфейсом Windows 7.

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Switch to Windows 10 Pro Education from Windows 10 Pro or Windows 10 S

  • 10/30/2017
  • 18 minutes to read
  • Contributors

In this article

Windows 10 Pro Education is a new offering in Windows 10, version 1607. This edition builds on the commercial version of Windows 10 Pro and provides important management controls needed in schools by providing education-specific default settings.

If you have an education tenant and use devices with Windows 10 Pro or Windows 10 S, global administrators can opt-in to a free switch to Windows 10 Pro Education depending on your scenario.

To take advantage of this offering, make sure you meet the requirements for switching. For academic customers who are eligible to switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, but are unable to use the above methods, contact Microsoft Support for assistance.

Requirements for switching

Before you switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, make sure you meet these requirements:

  • Devices must be running Windows 10 Pro, version 1607 or higher; or running Windows 10 S, version 1703
  • Devices must be Azure Active Directory joined, or domain joined with Azure AD Connect. Customers who are federated with Azure AD are also eligible. For more information, see Review requirements on devices.

    If you haven't domain joined your devices already, prepare for deployment of Windows 10 Pro Education licenses.

  • The Azure AD tenant must be recognized as an education approved tenant.

  • You must have a Microsoft Store for Education account.
  • The user making the changes must be a member of the Azure AD global administrator group.

Compare Windows 10 Pro and Pro Education editions

You can compare Windows 10 Editions to find out more about the features we support in other editions of Windows 10.

For more info about Windows 10 default settings and recommendations for education customers, see Windows 10 configuration recommendations for education customers.

Switch from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education

There are two ways to switch from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education, outlined below. Regardless of how you switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, note that you can only switch devices back to Windows 10 S through reimaging.

  1. Bulk switch through Microsoft Store for Education

    In this scenario, the global admin for the Azure AD education tenant can use Microsoft Store to switch all Windows 10 S devices on the tenant to Windows 10 Pro Education.

    See Switch using Microsoft Store for Education for details on how to do this.

  2. Asynchronous switch

    In this scenario, the global admin must acquire the necessary keys and then select a method for key distribution.

    Key acquisition options:

    • Volume Licensing customers - For schools with active Microsoft Volume Licensing agreements, global admins can obtain free MAK keys for Windows 10 Pro Education.

      Note

      Windows 10 S is a Qualified OS (QOS) for Academic Volume Licensing only.

    • Non-Volume Licensing customers - For schools without an active Microsoft Volume Licensing agreement, the global admin can contact CSS, fill out a form and provide a proof of purchase to receive MAK keys for Windows 10 Pro Education.

    Key distribution options:

    You can find step-by-step info on how to use each of the options described here in Switch options from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education.

    • Bulk key distribution - You can apply MAK keys to switch the operating system on select devices or groups of devices using one of these methods:
    • Manual key entry - You can also manually apply the MAK key using one of these methods:
      • Enter the MAK key in the Windows Settings > Activation page. See Switch using the Activation page for details on how to do this.
      • Install with a media and key through Windows setup. We don't recommend this option due to the potential for multi-reboot requirements.

Switch from Windows 10 Pro to Windows 10 Pro Education

For schools that want to standardize all their Windows 10 Pro devices to Windows 10 Pro Education, a global admin for the school can opt-in to a free switch through the Microsoft Store for Education.

In this scenario:

  • The IT admin of the tenant chooses to turn on the switch for all Azure AD joined devices.
  • Any device that joins the Azure AD will switch automatically to Windows 10 Pro Education.
  • The IT admin has the option to automatically roll back to Windows 10 Pro, if desired. See Roll back Windows 10 Pro Education to Windows 10 Pro.

See Switch using Microsoft Store for Education for details on how to do this.

Switch options from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education

If you want to switch only a few or a select group of Windows 10 S devices to Windows 10 Pro Education, you can use one of the following key distribution options once you've obtained the MAK keys for Windows 10 Pro Education. See Switch from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education for more info.

Switch using Intune for Education

  1. In Intune for Education, select Groups and then choose the group that you want to apply the MAK license key to.

    For example, to apply the switch for all teachers, select All Teachers and then select Settings.

  2. In the settings page, find Edition upgrade and then:

    1. Select the edition in the Edition to upgrade to field
    2. Enter the MAK license key in the Product key field

      Figure 1 - Enter the details for the Windows edition switch

  3. The switch will automatically be applied to the group you selected.

Switch using Windows Configuration Designer

You can use Windows Configuration Designer to create a provisioning package that you can use to switch the Windows edition for your device(s). Install Windows Configuration Designer from the Microsoft Store to create a provisioning package.

  1. In Windows Configuration Designer, select Provision desktop devices to open the simple editor and create a provisioning package for Windows desktop editions.
  2. In the Set up device page, enter the MAK license key in the Enter product key field to switch to Windows 10 Pro Education.

    Figure 2 - Enter the license key

  3. Complete the rest of the process for creating a provisioning package and then apply the package to the devices you want to switch to Windows 10 Pro Education.

    For more information about using Windows Configuration Designer, see Set up student PCs to join domain.

Switch using MDM

To switch Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education, enter the product key for the Windows 10 Pro Education edition in the UpgradeEditionWithProductKey policy setting of the WindowsLicensing CSP.

Switch using scripting

You can switch from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education by running the changepk.exe command-line tool. To do this, run the following command:

changepk.exe /ProductKey MAK_key_or_product_key

Replace MAK_key_or_product_key with the MAK key that you obtained for the Windows 10 edition switch.

Switch using the Activation page

  1. On the Windows device that you want to switch, open the Settings app.
  2. Select Update & security > Activation, and then click Change product key.
  3. In the Enter a product key window, enter the MAK key for Windows 10 Pro Education and click Next.

Education customers with Azure AD joined devices

Academic institutions can easily move from Windows 10 S or Windows 10 Pro to Windows 10 Pro Education without using activation keys or reboots. When one of your users enters their Azure AD credentials associated with a Windows 10 Pro Education license, the operating system switches to Windows 10 Pro Education and all the appropriate Windows 10 Pro Education features are unlocked. Previously, only schools or organizations purchasing devices as part of the Shape the Future K-12 program or with a Microsoft Volume Licensing Agreement could deploy Windows 10 Pro Education to their users. Now, if you have an Azure AD for your organization, you can take advantage of the Windows 10 Pro Education features.

When you switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, you get the following benefits:

Switch using Microsoft Store for Education

Once you enable the setting to switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, the switch will begin only after a user signs in to their device. The setting applies to the entire organization or tenant, so you cannot select which users will receive the switch. The switch will only apply to Windows 10 S and Windows 10 Pro devices.

To turn on the automatic switch to Windows 10 Pro Education

  1. Sign in to Microsoft Store for Education with your work or school account.

    If this is the first time you're signing into the Microsoft Store for Education, you'll be prompted to accept the Microsoft Store for Education Terms of Use.

  2. Click Manage from the top menu and then select the Benefits tile.

  3. In the Benefits tile, look for the Switch to Windows 10 Pro Education for free link and then click it.

    You will see the following page informing you that your school is eligible to switch free to Windows 10 Pro Education from Windows 10 S or Windows 10 Pro.

    Figure 3 - Switch Windows 10 Pro to Windows 10 Pro Education

  4. In the Switch all your devices to Windows 10 Pro Education for free page, check box next to I understand enabling this setting will switch all domain-joined devices running Windows 10 Pro or Windows 10 S in my organization.

    Figure 4 - Check the box to confirm

  5. Click Switch all my devices.

    A confirmation window pops up to let you know that an email has been sent to you to enable the switch.

  6. Close the confirmation window and check the email to proceed to the next step.

  7. In the email, click the link to Switch to Windows 10 Pro Education. Once you click the link, this will take you back to the Microsoft Store for Education portal.

    Figure 5 - Click the link in the email to switch to Windows 10 Pro Education

  8. Click Switch now in the Switching your device to Windows 10 Pro Education for free page in the Microsoft Store.

    You will see a window that confirms you've successfully switched all the devices in your organization to Windows 10 Pro Education, and each Azure AD joined device running Windows 10 Pro or Windows 10 S will automatically switch the next time someone in your organization signs in to the device.

  9. Click Close in the Success window.

Enabling the automatic switch also triggers an email message notifying all global administrators in your organization about the switch. It also contains a link that enables any global administrators to cancel the switch if they choose. For more info about rolling back or canceling the switch, see Roll back Windows 10 Pro Education to Windows 10 Pro.\

Figure 6 - Email notifying all global admins about the switch

Explore the switch experience

So what will users experience? How will they switch their devices?

For existing Azure AD joined devices

Existing Azure AD domain joined devices will be switched to Windows 10 Pro Education the next time the user logs in. That's it! No additional steps are needed.

For new devices that are not Azure AD joined

Now that you've turned on the setting to automatically switch to Windows 10 Pro Education, the users are ready to switch their devices running Windows 10 Pro, version 1607 or higher or Windows 10 S, version 1703 to Windows 10 Pro Education edition.

Step 1: Join users’ devices to Azure AD

Users can join a device to Azure AD the first time they start the device (during setup), or they can join a device that they already use running Windows 10 Pro, version 1607 or higher, or Windows 10 S, version 1703.

To join a device to Azure AD the first time the device is started

There are different methods you can use to join a device to Azure AD:

  • For multiple devices, we recommend using the Set up School PCs app to create a provisioning package to quickly provision and set up Windows 10 devices for education.
  • For individual devices, you can use the Set up School PCs app or go through the Windows 10 device setup experience. If you choose this option, see the following steps.

To join a device to Azure AD using Windows device setup

If the Windows device is running Windows 10, version 1703, follow these steps.

  1. During initial device setup, on the How would you like to set up? page, select Set up for an organization, and then click Next.

    Figure 7 - Select how you'd like to set up the device

  2. On the Sign in with Microsoft page, enter the username and password to use with Office 365 or other services from Microsoft, and then click Next.

    Figure 8 - Enter the account details

  3. Go through the rest of Windows device setup. Once you're done, the device will be Azure AD joined to your school's subscription.

To join a device to Azure AD when the device already has Windows 10 Pro, version 1703 or Windows 10 S, version 1703 installed and set up

If the Windows device is running Windows 10, version 1703, follow these steps.

  1. Go to Settings > Accounts > Access work or school.

    Figure 9 - Go to Access work or school in Settings

  2. In Access work or school, click Connect.

  3. In the Set up a work or school account window, click the Join this device to Azure Active Directory option at the bottom.

    Figure 10 - Select the option to join the device to Azure Active Directory

  4. On the Let's get you signed in window, enter the Azure AD credentials (username and password) and sign in. This will join the device to the school's Azure AD.

  5. To verify that the device was successfully joined to Azure AD, go back to Settings > Accounts > Access work or school. You should now see a connection under the Connect to work or school section that indicates the device is connected to Azure AD.

    Figure 11 - Verify the device connected to Azure AD

Step 2: Sign in using Azure AD account

Once the device is joined to your Azure AD subscription, the user will sign in by using his or her Azure AD account. The Windows 10 Pro Education license associated with the user will enable Windows 10 Pro Education edition capabilities on the device.

Step 3: Verify that Pro Education edition is enabled

You can verify the Windows 10 Pro Education in Settings > Update & Security > Activation.

Figure 12 - Windows 10 Pro Education in Settings

If there are any problems with the Windows 10 Pro Education license or the activation of the license, the Activation panel will display the appropriate error message or status. You can use this information to help you diagnose the licensing and activation process.

Troubleshoot the user experience

In some instances, users may experience problems with the Windows 10 Pro Education switch. The most common problems that users may experience are as follows:

  • The existing operating system (Windows 10 Pro, version 1607 or higher, or Windows 10 S, version 1703) is not activated.
  • The Windows 10 Pro Education switch has lapsed or has been removed.

Use the following figures to help you troubleshoot when users experience these common problems:

Figure 13 - Illustrates a device in a healthy state, where the existing operating system is activated, and the Windows 10 Pro Education switch is active.

Figure 14 - Illustrates a device on which the existing operating system is not activated, but the Windows 10 Pro Education switch is active.

Review requirements on devices

Devices must be running Windows 10 Pro, version 1607 or higher, or Windows 10 S, version 1703 and be Azure AD joined, or domain joined with Azure AD Connect. Customers who are federated with Azure AD are also eligible. You can use the following procedures to review whether a particular device meets requirements.

To determine if a device is Azure AD joined

  1. Open a command prompt and type the following:

    dsregcmd /status
  2. Review the output under Device State. If the AzureAdJoined status is YES, the device is Azure Active Directory joined.

To determine the version of Windows 10

  • At a command prompt, type:

    winver

    A popup window will display the Windows 10 version number and detailed OS build information.

    Note

    If a device is running a previous version of Windows 10 Pro (for example, version 1511), it will not be switched to Windows 10 Pro Education when a user signs in, even if the user has been assigned a license.

Roll back Windows 10 Pro Education to Windows 10 Pro

If your organization has the Windows 10 Pro to Windows 10 Pro Education switch enabled, and you decide to roll back to Windows 10 Pro or to cancel the switch, you can do this by:

  • Logging into Microsoft Store for Education page and turning off the automatic switch.
  • Selecting the link to turn off the automatic switch from the notification email sent to all global administrators.

Once the automatic switch to Windows 10 Pro Education is turned off, the change is effective immediately. Devices that were switched will revert to Windows 10 Pro only after the license has been refreshed (every 30 days) and the next time the user signs in. This means that a user whose device was switched may not immediately see Windows 10 Pro Education rolled back to Windows 10 Pro for up to 30 days. However, users who haven't signed in during the time that a switch was enabled and then turned off will never see their device change from Windows 10 Pro.

Note

Devices that were switched from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro Education cannot roll back to Windows 10 S.

To roll back Windows 10 Pro Education to Windows 10 Pro

  1. Log in to Microsoft Store for Education with your school or work account, or follow the link from the notification email to turn off the automatic switch.
  2. Select Manage > Benefits and locate the section Windows 10 Pro Education and follow the link.
  3. In the Revert to Windows 10 Pro page, click Revert to Windows 10 Pro.

    Figure 15 - Revert to Windows 10 Pro

  4. You will be asked if you're sure that you want to turn off automatic switches to Windows 10 Pro Education. Click Yes.

  5. Click Close in the Success page.

    All global admins get a confirmation email that a request was made to roll back your organization to Windows 10 Pro. If you, or another global admin, decide later that you want to turn on automatic switches again, you can do this by selecting Switch to Windows 10 Pro Education for free from the Manage > Benefits in the Microsoft Store for Education.

Preparing for deployment of Windows 10 Pro Education licenses

If you have on-premises Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domains, users will use their domain-based credentials to sign in to the AD DS domain. Before you start deploying Windows 10 Pro Education to users, you need to synchronize the identities in the on-premises AD DS domain with Azure AD.

You need to synchronize these identities so that users will have a single identity that they can use to access their on-premises apps and cloud services that use Azure AD (such as Windows 10 Pro Education). This means that users can use their existing credentials to sign in to Azure AD and access the cloud services that you provide and manage for them.

Figure 11 illustrates the integration between the on-premises AD DS domain with Azure AD. Microsoft Azure Active Directory Connect (Azure AD Connect) is responsible for synchronization of identities between the on-premises AD DS domain and Azure AD. Azure AD Connect is a service that you can install on-premises or in a virtual machine in Azure.

Figure 16 - On-premises AD DS integrated with Azure AD

For more information about integrating on-premises AD DS domains with Azure AD, see these resources:

Deploy Windows 10 in a school Deploy Windows 10 in a school district Compare Windows 10 editions

docs.microsoft.com

Windows 10 Home vs Windows 10 Pro vs Windows 10 S Comparison

You want a new PC or laptop and by now you've probably made up your mind as to whether it should be a Windows, Mac (or even Linux) device. Go for Windows and your choice is more complicated as there's Windows 10 S, Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Pro.

Let's narrow things down a bit and remove Windows 10 S from the equation. This is a new version of the OS that is aimed at students and teachers, though you may find it on some 'regular' laptops, such as the Surface Laptop from Microsoft.

The key difference between 10 S and regular Windows 10 is that you are limited to installing apps from the built-in Windows Store. Everything else is exactly the same. If you need to install third-party apps on your laptop you will have to upgrade to Windows 10 Pro, which is offered as a free upgrade on the Surface Laptop until 31 December 2017.

At least in this respect, choosing between Windows 10 S and Pro shouldn't be too difficult - if you need anything you're missing you can simply upgrade. But an advantage of sticking to 10 S will be its improved security, since apps are only downloaded from the curated Windows Store, and then run in a safe container on the laptop. 

So that's Windows 10 S taken care of.

What are the main differences between Windows 10 Home and Pro?

There are many things both Windows 10 and Windows 10 Pro can do, but just a few features that are supported only by Pro. To simplify things we've listed only the Windows 10 Pro features that aren't also in Windows 10 Home in the table below. 

  Windows 10 Home Windows 10 Pro
Create and join a domain (work network) No Yes
BitLocker No Yes
Group policy management No Yes
Remote Desktop No Yes
Hyper-V No Yes
Assigned Access No Yes
Enterprise Mode Internet Explorer No Yes
Windows Store for Business No Yes
Trusted Boot No Yes
Windows Update for Business No Yes
Max supported RAM 128GB 2TB

If most of these features are meaningless to you, that's no surprise: most people don't need the extra features in Windows 10 Pro. It's really designed for businesses.

Price

Price is one of the other main differences, although you can now buy both versions cheaper than the official Microsoft prices - £119.99/$119.99 for Home, and £219.99/$199.99 for Pro.

At the time of writing you can buy Windows 10 Home from Amazon for £89/$89, while Windows 10 Pro isn't much more expensive: it costs £95/$110 from Amazon.

Just watch out for very cheap offers as you may be emailed merely an activation key which may or may not work. It's best to stick to the official retail versions - there are no upgrade versions as with previous versions of Windows.

Windows 10 Pro features explained

So what are those extra features in Windows 10 Pro and - more importantly - do you need them if you're considering upgrading or installing Windows on a PC or laptop that will be used at home?

BitLocker

BitLocker is encryption software which allows security conscious users to fully secure their drives from potential hackers. In Windows 10 Pro Microsoft has made some fine adjustments to the service. 

‘With BitLocker,’ explained Joe Belfiore, the Corporate Vice President of Microsoft’s Operating Systems Group, ‘the end user  faces an all or nothing decision for the entire drive to be encrypted, and it doesn’t provide for very much flexibility in the way files move around. We’re solving those problems.’ 

The new iteration of BitLocker allows users to encrypt individual files and keep them alongside unencrypted ones.  Plus they can now be used in the same way on USB sticks, improving the way in which files can be shared between those with the proper clearance to read them.

Remote Desktop Connection

Both Windows 10 Home and Pro can start Remote Desktop Connection sessions, but only PCs running Windows 10 Pro can be remotely controlled. Windows 10 Home machines can only be assisted remotely, and this is mainly for an expert to show a home user how to change settings, for example.

Windows Update for Business

In Windows 10 Pro you get the option to defer updates, but this option doesn't really exist in Home. Microsoft forces patches and updates to Home machines automatically. You can stop them for a few hours, but that's it, even in the latest Creators Update.

The ability to defer is designed to prevent buggy updates from affecting business PCs, and updates can be put off for several months.

Hyper-V

Virtualisation is another benefit of Windows 10 Pro, although few will want to use it. It's like having a built-in VirtualBox, although you'll still have to install Hyper-V on Windows 10 Pro manually. You'll also need to have a CPU which supports virtualisation.

Windows 10 Pro for Workstations

It's worth noting that Microsoft has announced this new version of Pro which is made specifically for more powerful PCs. It will arrive with the Fall Creators Update.

Built for 'high-end' machines, the firm promises 'unique support for server grade PC hardware and is designed to meet demanding needs of mission critical and compute intensive workloads'.

Features include a resilient file system, persistent memory, faster file sharing and expanded hardware support.

Domain and other business features

Group Policy Management and access to the Windows 10 Business Store are other features reserved for WIndows 10 Pro. Microsoft also lists the ability to join Azure Active Directory, with a single sign-on to cloud hosted apps.

Only Windows 10 Pro support joining (or creating) a domain, which allows PCs to be added to a corporate network. With Windows 10 Home, you can't do this and you're pushed to use a Microsoft account rather than a local user account. This means any laptop or PC you want to use at work and access files on servers will almost certainly need to be running Windows 10 Pro.

Assigned Access lets a sysadmin restrict a Windows tablet to run only a certain app (a very specific benefit which will apply to only a few).

Some features were removed compared to previous versions of Windows. We've outlined the worst Windows 10 sacrifices in our separate guide. 

Which features do they have in common?

All versions of Windows 10 come with Cortana, Microsoft’s virtual assistant, that can make calendar entries, take dictation, open applications and local files, search the web, and give directions, all from voice commands on your PC.

Cortana is now available for Android and iPhones, alongside the full integration it enjoys on Windows Phone. You can read here how to use Cortana in Windows 10.

The Microsoft Edge browser is also available on both versions. This break from Internet Explorer is an interesting one, and Edge certainly has enough features to make it a worthy adversary to Chrome, Firefox, and Opera, although it still falls behind on add-ons.

It offers a stripped-down Reading Mode to declutter articles online, an Instapaper/Pocket style Reading List for saving articles you don’t have time to read there and then, plus the ability to annotate and share web pages. For more information check out our how to use Edge browser in Windows 10 guide.

As Windows continues its voyage into a touch-compatible future, Microsoft has made some significant adjustments to the user interface on both Home and Pro. Gone is the overbearing and oft confusing Windows 8 touch-first layout, replaced instead with a modern take on the Windows 7 desktop.

This doesn’t mean touch has been left behind; instead Windows can now detect the type of hardware you are using and offer the appropriate interface. This feature is called Continuum and should make the new Windows far more attractive to the majority of users, most of whom don’t own a touchscreen laptop or Windows tablet.

A welcome addition to Windows 10 is a fully integrated version of Virtual Desktops. This feature has been around in past iterations of Windows, but always required additional software to get it going. Now you'll be able to create different workspaces on your PC very easily thanks to a new Task View option. You can also drag and drop open applications onto different desktops, making the whole process smooth, fast, and simple. To learn more about this helpful feature read our guide to using virtual desktops in Windows 10.  

The other main upgrade to Windows that can be found of both Home and Pro is universal apps. This idea is a simple one, in which any universal app you buy from the Windows Store will work on any of your devices, be they PC, tablet, phone, or even the Xbox One.  

Conclusion

Windows 10 Home will suffice for the vast majority of users who just want to browse the web, do a little work, and manage their media files. The benefits of the Pro version focus on security and compatibility, but of course the value of these features will come down to whether you actually intend to use them or not, and most home users won't.

www.techadvisor.co.uk

Who needs Windows 10 Pro: 5 reasons to upgrade

Windows 10 Professional isn’t just for cubicle dwellers who have no choice in the matter. While users who own a ‘professional’ PC like the Surface Pro 3 will automatically be upgraded to this higher-end version of the OS, smaller businesses and PC enthusiasts, as well as contractors and sole proprietors, may also weigh the benefits of the Pro version vs. Windows 10 Home. 

Windows 10 Professional doesn’t take anything away from Home users; it simply adds more sophisticated features. It’s a costly choice, though: $99 for a Windows 10 Pro Pack that takes you from a licensed copy of Windows 10 Home to the Professional version. This applies to Windows 7 Starter, Windows 7 Home Basic, Windows 7 Home Premium, or Windows 8.1 users, who are only eligible for Windows 10 Home.  

Microsoft created a useful webpage for comparing the different Windows 10 versions, breaking down the reasons to upgrade to Windows Pro into four categories: the fundamentals, management and deployment, security, and Windows updates. All of them have some relevance for power users and more traditional businesses alike. While there are dozens of differences (check our review of Windows 10 for the details), five key aspects of Windows 10 Professional will help you decide whether the upgrade is worth it for you. 

Mark Hachman

The differences between Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Professional lie under the hood. On the desktop, your experience should be roughly the same.

BitLocker

Microsoft’s encryption software has been developed and updated since Windows Vista, and it’s been built into Windows 10 as well. Since Windows 8.1, BitLocker has offered the option to encrypt the Windows boot drive and other fixed drives within the system, as well as USB keys and external drives.

Mark Hachman

Encrypting drives is a snap with BitLocker.

BitLocker is especially handy for traveling, even if it’s just to a local cafe. Locking down your data isn’t 100-percent foolproof, but it’s a start. If a drive is encrypted, BitLocker will encrypt other files that are added to it. You also have the option to suspend encryption or remove it entirely. Files moved from a BitLocker encrypted drive to another drive are automatically decrypted.

Of course, you’ll need a password to make it all work, preferably as strong as possible. If you don’t have that password, you’ll need a recovery key to regain access: a code that can be saved to a file, to a Microsoft account, or even printed out and saved. But if you forget the password and lose the recovery key, you’re stuck—you’ll lose access to that data forever.  

A cloud storage solution like OneDrive can be a great way to store your files, but a USB key encrypted with Bitlocker and clipped to a keychain can provide an additional layer of security and keep precious files close at hand.

Remote Desktop Connection

MicrosoftWindows has two similarly named capabilities: Remote Desktop Connection and Remote Assistance. The differences between the two are significant.

Windows 10 Home machines and Windows 10 Professional machines can initiate Remote Desktop Connections, such that the “master” machine controls the slave machine and all of its resources. (Doing so blanks the display on the “slave” device.) Only Windows 10 Professional machines can be remotely controlled, however—not Windows 10 Home machines.

Windows 10 Home machines can be remotely assisted, which means that the Windows 10  “master” machine controls the “slave” machine, and the “slave” display mirrors the master display. Remote Assistance is designed as an educational tool, so that a remote technician can show you how to adjust your graphics settings, for example, by moving your mouse. 

Microsoft

With Windows 10, Remote Desktop connections can even use ink as a “first class” input, which means that different levels of pressure are sensed and applied remotely.

The upshot is that work machines can be accessed from home, but home machines can be controlled only from work. If you run a small business, Remote Desktop Connection is another reason to consider Windows 10 Professional.

Client Hyper-V

Not many business professionals will probably care about virtualization, the ability to wall off a portion of your hard drive into a virtual PC, complete with its own operating system. But for enthusiasts—especially those who wish to continue testing Insider builds without risking their main system—Hyper-V is just the thing.

Virtualization creates a secure operating environment within your PC that allows you to run different operating systems, including Linux, future builds of Windows 10, and even older versions of Windows. (Just make sure you still have valid license keys for the operating system and a PC processor that supports virtualization—not all older models do.

Once you have Windows 10 Professional, you’ll still have to install Hyper-V manually. You can begin typing “Hyper-V” in the Search box. Windows will suggest that you install some optional features. You’ll be given a list of options, where you can install Hyper-V. Our sister site Infoworld offers a great introduction to Hyper-V. 

Microsoft Update for Business

Windows 10 Home pushes patches to your PC immediately, allowing you to defer installation for a few hours, but no longer. For some, that might not be the most desirable option. Windows 10 Professional offers an option. 

Before Windows 10 launched, I would have argued that enthusiasts would want to remain on the Windows Insider branch, testing out new patches as quickly as possible. Even small business owners wouldn’t mind using Windows 10 Home, I thought, as who wouldn’t want to receive the latest patches as quickly as Microsoft could deploy them?

And then, as Windows 10 neared, reports circulated of new updates breaking multimonitor setups with certain Nvidia cards. A firmware update that Microsoft pushed to the Surface 3 and Surface Pro 3 failed, and had to be reissued. And by default, Windows doesn’t tell you that updates or patches need to be installed.

Part of the issue is a fundamental conflict between hardware makers and Microsoft. Microsoft thinks the latest drivers should be routed through its own servers, while hardware makers reserve that right for themselves. That can cause some problems around which drivers are considered “the latest.” 

This bug cropped up in some installations using the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool.

 In other words, patches do occasionally cause things to go haywire, which means that Home users could wade through some wonky updates as Windows 10 evolves. Murphy’s Law says things will go wrong. Bugs will happen. Updates will be applied. If you’re a conservative type, Windows 10 Professional lets you defer updates for up to several months (security updates excepted). That chance to wait and see if anything blows up might add an extra layer of peace of mind.

Features for businesses first

Several features in Windows 10 Professional are aimed squarely at the business market. Domain join, for example, allows you to bring in your own PC and connect it to the office domain. Group policy management allows an IT admin to control which PCs do what. And if you’re running an ancient Web app at work that doesn’t work with Edge or Internet Explorer 11, the Enterprise Mode Internet Explorer allows you to drop into an Internet Explorer 8 mode inside your browser. Likewise, if your business needs specialized enterprise apps, an admin can lock down the Windows Store to make sure employees get those, and nothing else. There’s also the ability to join Azure Active Directory, with single sign-on capabilities.

Some users may find some value in Assigned Access, which takes a Windows tablet and allows it to run only a particular application. Normally this setup is used for a dedicated kiosk, but it might kid-proof a tablet, too.

Get it for the flexibility

Moving to Windows 10 Professional makes sense for people who could use its more advanced features. It costs money, though, so don't feel compelled to upgrade unless you really need them. Windows 10 Home will suffice for the majority of individual or family users. 

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www.pcworld.com

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This Post Was Last Updated On: May 3, 2016 By Author: Admin

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