Windows 10. Википедия виндовс 10


Windows 10 - Wikipedia

"Windows 9" redirects here. For the series of Windows produced from 1995 to 2000, see Windows 9x. This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile. Windows 10 Developer OS family Source model Released tomanufacturing Generalavailability Latest release Latest preview Marketing target Update method Platforms Kernel type Userland Default user interface License Preceded by Official website Support status
A version of the Windows NT operating system
Microsoft
Microsoft Windows
Closed source and shared source (Windows Driver Frameworks is now open-source)[1]
July 15, 2015; 2 years ago (2015-07-15)
July 29, 2015; 2 years ago (2015-07-29)
1709 (10.0.16299.248) (February 13, 2018; 6 days ago (2018-02-13)[2]) [±]
RS5 (10.0.17604) (February 14, 2018; 5 days ago (2018-02-14)[3]) [±]
Personal computing
Windows Update, Microsoft Store, Windows Server Update Services
IA-32, x86-64 and, as of version 1709, ARM64[4][5]
Hybrid (Windows NT)
Windows API.NET FrameworkUniversal Windows PlatformWindows Subsystem for Linux
Windows shell (Graphical)
Trialware,[6]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
Windows 8.1 (2013)
windows.com
All editions except LTSB:
  • Mainstream support until October 13, 2020
  • Extended support until October 14, 2025
  • A device needs to install the latest update to remain supported[7]
2015 LTSB:
  • Mainstream support until October 13, 2020
  • Extended support until October 14, 2025[8]
2016 LTSB:
  • Mainstream support until October 12, 2021
  • Extended support until October 13, 2026[8]

Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. It was released on July 29, 2015.[9] It is the first version of Windows that receives ongoing feature updates. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[10][11]

Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as "universal apps"; expanding on Metro-style apps, these apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs; both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. The first release of Windows 10 also introduces a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, the Microsoft Edge web browser, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games.

Windows 10 received mostly positive reviews upon its original release in July 2015; critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide a desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was panned for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of Windows 8. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and the adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[12][13][14][15][16]

Microsoft aimed to have Windows 10 installed on at least one billion devices in the two to three years following its release.[10] Up to August 2016[update], Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[17][18] while eventually in 2018, it got more popular than Windows 7, and thus the single most popular Windows version overall (at 42.78%, thus the other more popular overall),[19] while that's far from true on some continents, as measured by web traffic. As of November 2017, the operating system is running on more than 600 million devices[20] and has an estimated usage share of 32% on traditional PCs[21][22] and 15% across all platforms (PC, mobile, tablet, and console).[23][24] Windows 10 was first the most popular version in Iceland and later in other developed countries, such as Australia that also has very high adoption (among the highest).

Development[edit]

At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference in 2011, Andrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, phones, tablets, and other devices. "We won’t have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍—‌they'll all come together."[25][26]

In December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in Microsoft's Halo video game franchise.[27] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows 8.1),[28] Foley called Threshold a "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, scheduled for the second quarter of 2015. Foley reported that among the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar Windows NT kernel).[27][29]

In April 2014, at the Build Conference, Microsoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows 8.1 that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start screen seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Windows 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, but did not elaborate.[30][31] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows 8.1 to be ported to Windows Phone 8.1 and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs.[30][32][33][34]

Screenshots of a Windows build which purported to be Threshold were leaked in July 2014, showing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps[35] followed by a further screenshot in September 2014 of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numbered 9834, showing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and a new File Explorer icon.[36]

Announcement[edit]

Threshold was officially unveiled during a media event on September 30, 2014, under the name Windows 10; Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[37][38][39] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[40][41] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-oriented interface would evolve as well on 10.[42]

In regards to Microsoft naming the new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[43] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.[44] Tony Prophet, Microsoft Vice President of Windows Marketing, said at a San Francisco conference in October 2014 that Windows 9 "came and went", and that Windows 10 is not "an incremental step from Windows 8.1," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices [sic] from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, ultimately, into the Xbox."[45]

Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21, 2015, entitled "Windows 10: The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Hub‍—‌a large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[46] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[47]

Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's developers' conference Build. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middleware toolchain for compiling Objective-C based software (particularly, iOS software) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[48][49][50][51]

Release[edit]

On June 1, 2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29, 2015.[9] Microsoft began an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, "Upgrade Your World", on July 20, 2015 with the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that sought to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[52][53] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[54]

Features[edit]

Windows 10 harmonizes the user experience and functionality between different classes of device, and addresses shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[40][41][55]Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shares some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[56]

The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[32][57][58] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other compatible Windows 10 devices. Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through a unified Windows Store. Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[33][59][60]

On Windows 10, Windows Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, music, films, TV series and ebooks.[61] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on the Windows Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[62][63]

User interface and desktop[edit]

The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode.[40][55][64] A new virtual desktop system was added. A feature known as Task View displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or switch between multiple workspaces.[40][55] Windows Store apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[40][55] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[55] Windows' system icons were also changed.[64]

Charms have been removed; their functionality in Windows Store apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[40][55] In its place is Action Center, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[56][64] The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[41][67][68][69]

System security[edit]

Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the FIDO Alliance.[70] The operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such as Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February 2018.[71] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[72]

When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[73][72]

The enterprise version of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍—‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[70][74]

Command line[edit]

Win32 console windows can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing Alt+↵ Enter, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be disabled to revert to the legacy console, if needed.[75]

The Anniversary Update adds Windows Subsystem for Linux, which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linux distribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls that the Linux system uses to those of the Windows NT kernel. The environment can execute the Bash shell and 64-bit command line programs. Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Windows Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May 2017 that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[76][77][78][79][80][81][82]

Storage requirements[edit]

To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce the storage footprint of Windows by approximately 1.5 GB for 32-bit systems and 2.6 GB for 64-bit systems. The level of compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use runtime system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain installed following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 by up to 12 GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows 8.1 Update, which allowed OEMs to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used for installation and recovery.[83][84][85] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[86]

Online services and functionality[edit]

Windows 10 introduces a new default web browser, Microsoft Edge.[87] It features a new standards-compliant rendering engine forked from Trident, annotation tools, and offers integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows 10.[88][89] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer be actively developed.[90][91]

Windows 10 incorporates Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant, Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone 8.1 in 2014. Cortana replaced Windows' embedded search feature, supporting both text and voice input. Many of its features are a direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[92][93] Cortana is implemented as a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, which can be hidden or condensed to a single button.[64]

Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Windows Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍—‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[94][95]

Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone 8.1; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on Microsoft servers, and sent to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the guest user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on 802.1X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[96]

Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November 2015 update: Messaging, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[97][98]

Multimedia and gaming[edit]

The dedicated Xbox app on Windows 10, on the "Avatar Store" page

Windows 10 provides heavier integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox app, which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[99][100] Windows 10 also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[101] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported on Windows with an adapter.[102] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-buys and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[103]

Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.[104][105]

Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced game bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, which, then, allows the user to save the last few, user configurable, moments of gameplay to the hard disk.[106]

Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[107][108][109]

DirectX 12[edit]

Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[110][111] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[112][113] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[114][115] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[116] WDDM 2.0 introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[110][117]

Removed features[edit]

Windows Media Center was discontinued, and is uninstalled when upgrading from a previous version of Windows.[118][119] Upgraded Windows installations with Media Center will receive the paid app Windows DVD Player free of charge for a limited, but unspecified, time.[120] Microsoft had previously relegated Media Center and integrated DVD playback support to a paid add-on beginning on Windows 8 due to the cost of licensing the required DVD playback related patents, and the increasing number of PC devices that have no optical drives.[121]

The OneDrive built-in sync client, which was introduced in Windows 8.1, no longer supports offline placeholders for online-only files in Windows 10.[122][123] This functionality was re-added in Windows 10 version 1709, under the name "OneDrive Files On-Demand".[124]

Users are no longer able to synchronize Start menu layouts across all devices associated with a Microsoft account. A Microsoft developer justified the change by explaining that a user may have different applications they want to emphasize on each device that they use, rather than use the same configuration across each device. The ability to automatically install a Windows Store app across all devices associated with an account was also removed.[125]

Web browsers can no longer set themselves as a user's default without further intervention; changing the default web browser must be performed manually by the user from Settings' "Default apps" page, ostensibly to prevent browser hijacking.[126]

Parental controls no longer support browsers other than Internet Explorer and Edge, and the ability to control browsing by a whitelist was removed.[127] Also removed were the ability to control local accounts, and the ability to scan a machine for applications to allow and block.[citation needed]

The Food & Drink, Health & Fitness, and Travel apps have been discontinued.[128]

Drivers for floppy drives are no longer integrated and must be downloaded separately.[119][129]

While all Windows 10 editions include fonts that provide broad language support, some fonts for Middle Eastern and East Asian languages (Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, etc.) are no longer included with the standard installation to reduce storage space used, but are available without charge as optional font packages. When software invokes text in languages other than those for which the system is configured and does not use the Windows font fallback mechanisms designed always to display legible glyphs, Windows displays unsupported characters as a default "not defined" glyph, a square or rectangular box, or a box with a dot, question mark or "x" inside.[130]

Windows Defender could be integrated into File Explorer's context menu in Windows 8.x, but Microsoft initially removed integration from Windows 10, restoring it in Windows 10 build 10571 in response to user feedback.[131]

User control over Windows Updates was removed (except in enterprise versions). In earlier versions users could opt for updates to be installed automatically, or to be notified so they could update as and when they wished, or not to be notified; and they could choose which updates to install, using information about the updates. Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise users may be configured by an administrator to defer updates, but only for a limited time.[132] Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and to the automatic removal or changes to features being modified is not required; it is implicit "without any additional notice".[133][134][135]

Features removed on version 1607[edit]

Cortana can no longer be fully hidden, as it was made the default search experience in the Windows shell for all users (on previous revisions, a generic search experience without any Cortana branding and functionality is used if it is disabled). As with previous builds, users must still opt-in and grant permission for the software to perform data collection and tracking in order to fully enable Cortana's personalized features. If this functionality is not enabled, Cortana operates in a feature-limited mode with basic web and device search functionality, nearly identical to the non-Cortana search experience on previous builds.[136][137]

In April 2016, Microsoft announced that it will no longer allow Cortana web searches to be executed through any other web browser and search engine combination but Microsoft Edge and Bing, intentionally disregarding user settings. Microsoft stated that circumvention of these settings (which could be accomplished with third-party software) results in a "compromised experience that is less reliable and predictable", and that only Microsoft Edge supports direct integration with Cortana within the browser itself.[138][139]

Certain features related to embedded advertising in the operating system can no longer be disabled on non-enterprise versions of Windows 10 using management settings such as Group Policy,[140] including disabling Windows Store and Universal Windows Platform apps, "Microsoft consumer experiences" (which pushes tiles to the Start menu advertising Windows Store apps promoted by Microsoft, typically following a new installation of Windows 10), Windows Tips, turning off the lock screen (which can optionally display ads as part of "Spotlight" tips), or enforcing a specific lock screen background. Critics argued that this change was meant to discourage Windows 10 Pro from being used in business environments, since Microsoft was making it less attractive by reducing the amount of control administrators have over their devices' environment without using an enterprise version of Windows 10.[140]

The ability to share Wi-Fi credentials with other contacts via Wi-Fi Sense was removed; Wi-Fi passwords can still be synced between devices tied to the same Microsoft account.[141]

The ability to change the Exit Windows, Windows Logoff and Windows Logon sounds was hidden in Version 1607, although these features can be enabled by going to the Windows Registry and under the EventLabels folder and setting the value to 0.[142]

Features removed on version 1703 and 1709[edit]

Windows Update will no longer postpone the download of certain critical updates if the device is connected to a network that was designated by the user as being "metered". Although meant to prevent the updates from utilizing data allotments, this behavior had been used as a workaround by users to defy the requirement for all updates to be automatically downloaded.[143]

Devices containing an Intel Atom "Clover Trail" system-on-chip are incompatible with Version 1703, and cannot be upgraded to this version of Windows 10.[144]

Server Message Block version 1 (SMB1) is disabled by default on version 1709. The Home and Pro editions only disable the SMB1 server, but retain the SMB1 client, so they can connect to SMB1 network shares. The Enterprise and Education editions disable the SMB1 entirely. This version of the 30-year-old protocol gained notoriety in the WannaCry ransomware attack, although Microsoft had been discouraging its use even before.[145]

The Interactive Service Detection service, introduced in Windows Vista to combat shatter attacks, is removed in 1703.[146]Syskey was removed in 1709, with Microsoft recommending the use of Bitlocker instead.[147]

Editions and pricing[edit]

Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computer devices, of which the Home and Pro versions are sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at small businesses and enthusiasts. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, and the ability to join a domain. The remaining editions, Enterprise and Education, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[148][149]

As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[150] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[148][149]

On May 2, 2017, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited version of Windows 10 which was designed primarily for devices in the education market (competing, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications obtained from Windows Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation. As a time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, 2018.[151] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform. All Windows 10 S devices include a free one-year subscription to Minecraft: Education Edition.[152][153][154][155][156]

Preview releases[edit]

A public beta program for Windows 10 known as the Windows Insider Program (previously Windows Technical Preview) began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, 2014. Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[157] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be able to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July 2015‍—‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[40][42][158][159][160] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows 10.[161][162]

Public release[edit]

Microsoft promoted that Windows 10 would become generally available (GA) on July 29, 2015. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP Inc. executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for a release in 2015, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[163][better source needed]

The general availability build of Windows 10, numbered 10240, was first released on July 15, 2015 to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing prior to its formal release.[164][165] Although a Microsoft official said that there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, 10240 was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and desktop watermark text, and because its build number had mathematical connections to the number 10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[166][167][168][169][170][171] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.[172]

Users are able to in-place upgrade through the "Get Windows 10" application (GWX) and Windows Update,[173] or the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[174] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows 8.1 with Update 1, while users with Windows 8 must first upgrade to Windows 8.1. Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from 32-bit edition to a 64-bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[175][176] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30 days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.[177]

Windows 10 was available in 190 countries and 111 languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows 10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows 10.[178][179][180] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to editions of Windows 8.1, with U.S. prices set at $119 and $199 for Windows 10 Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[181][182] Retail copies ship on USB flash drive media or DVD-ROM media.[183] New devices shipping with Windows 10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[184]

Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows 10.[176][185]

Free upgrade offer[edit]

During its first year of availability (ended on July 29, 2016),[186] upgrade licenses for Windows 10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows 7 or 8.1.[182][187][188] This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA) contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows 7 or 8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of 10.[161][178][188][189][190]

On the general availability build of Windows 10, to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows 10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation.[175][191][192] As of the November 2015 build, an existing Windows 7 or Windows 8.1 product key can be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to upgrade first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[193] The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows 10 automatically updated itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression, and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was not a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows 7 or 8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[161][162]

The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows 10" application ("GWX"), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows 10 and the free upgrade offer, check device compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[194][195] On July 28, a pre-download process began in which Windows 10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows 10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program (similar to Windows 8's setup program), that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[174][184][196][197]

Microsoft announced in May 2016 that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of assistive technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole to fraudulently obtain a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[198][199][200] In November 2017, Microsoft stated that this program would end December 31, 2017.[201]

Licensing[edit]

During upgrades, Windows 10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital entitlement" is generated during the activation process, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows 10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware changes since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process will automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Windows 10. As with previous non-volume-licensed versions of Windows, significant hardware changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[175][191]

Updates and support[edit]

Template:Windows 10 versions Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, or be notified to schedule a reboot.[1][2] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on internet usage, most updates are not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Redstone 2 allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[3][4] Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[5][6]

Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to distribute previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[7]

The original RTM release of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 ("WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10, released in July 2015") receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the OEM's "support period"Template:Nsmdnsa new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[8][9][10][11] This policy was first invoked in 2017 to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to provide the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January 2023.[12]

Feature updates[edit]

Template:Main Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as a being as a "service", as it receives regular feature updates that contain new features and other changes.[9][13][14][15] In April 2017, Microsoft stated that in the future, these updates would be released twice a year every March and September.[16]

The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[15] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[15] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch be used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions, so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices before a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[15][2][17] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[15] Administrators can also use the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across their networks.[15][2]

The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Fast" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), and "Slow" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Fast" release).[15]

Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition, where "LTSB" stands for "long-term servicing branch".[15][17] LTSB milestones of Windows 10 are designed for long-term deployments in specialized environments (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment), and only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches). Each LTSB milestone is given a full, 10-year support lifecycle. Due to Microsoft's intended use cases for LTSB builds, certain features, including most Cortana functionality, Microsoft Store, and bundled apps, are excluded from LTSB.[15][9][18][19] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[20] Two LTSB builds have been released, correlating with the 1507 and 1607 versions of Windows 10; Microsoft stated in 2017 that the next LTSB build will be released in 2019.[21]

In July 2017, Microsoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches, as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office 365 ProPlus and Windows Server 2016.[22][15] The branch system now defines two paces of upgrade deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[23][15]

Windows 10 support and update branches[9][24][25][26]
Update branch Windows Insider Preview Branch(WIPB)Beta software Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)(formerly CB)"Consumer grade" Semi-Annual Channel(formerly CBB)"Business ready" Long-term Servicing branch(LTSB)"Mission critical"
Edition Home Template:Nbsp
Pro Template:Nbsp
Education Template:Nbsp
Enterprise Enterprise LTSB
Critical updatesSecurity patches and stability updates rowspan="2" Template:Yes rowspan="2" Template:Yes[27] Template:Yes Template:Partial
Feature upgradesNon-critical functionality and feature updates Template:Optional Template:No
Feature upgrades cadence Continuous as released Progressively after WIPB evaluation ~4 months after SAC pre-evaluation ordefer for an additional ~8 months LTSB releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
Upgrade support Continuous updating, features silently come and sometimes go with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSB builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSB builds
Update support 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[8] 10 years (or ~8 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended
Update methods Windows Update Windows UpdateWindows Update for BusinessWindows Server Update Services Windows Update for BusinessWindows Server Update Services

Template:Reflist

Version 1511 (November Update)[edit]

The second stable build of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 is called version 1511. Its build number is 10586. It was codenamed "Threshold 2" (Th3) during development. This version is installed by the November Update, which began to be distributed via Windows Update on November 12, 2015. It contains various improvements to the operating system, its user interface, bundled services, as well as the introduction of Skype-based universal messaging apps, and the Windows Store for Business and Windows Update for Business features.[28][29][30][31]

On November 21, 2015, the November Update was temporarily pulled from public distribution.[32][33] The upgrade was re-instated on November 24, 2015, with Microsoft stating that the removal was due to a bug that caused privacy and data collection settings to be reset to defaults when installing the upgrade.[34]

Version 1607 (Anniversary Update)[edit]

The third stable build of Windows 10 is called version 1607. It was codenamed "Redstone 1" (RS1) during development. This version is installed by the Anniversary Update, which was released on August 2, 2016, a little over one year after the first stable release of Windows 10.[35][36][37][38] Codename "Redstone" was originally thought to have been set aside for two feature updates. While both were originally to be released in 2016, the second was moved into 2017 so that it would be released in concert with that year's wave of Microsoft first-party devices.[39][40][36]

The Anniversary Update introduces new features such as the Windows Ink platform, which eases the ability to add stylus input support to Universal Windows Platform apps and provides a new "Ink Workspace" area with links to pen-oriented apps and features,[41][36] enhancements to Cortana's proactive functionality,[42] a dark user interface theme mode, a new version of Skype designed to work with the Universal Windows Platform, improvements to Universal Windows Platform intended for video games,[35] and offline scanning using Windows Defender.[43] Redstone also supports Windows Subsystem for Linux, a new component that provides an environment for running Linux-compatible binary software in an Ubuntu-based user mode environment.[44]

On new installations of Windows 10 on systems with secure boot enabled, all kernel mode drivers issued after July 29, 2015, must be digitally signed with an Extended Validation Certificate issued by Microsoft.[45]

This version is the basis for "LTSB 2016", the first upgrade to the LTSB since Windows 10's release. The first LTSB release, based on RTM (version 1507), has been retroactively named "LTSB 2015".

Version 1703 (Creators Update)[edit]

The fourth stable build of Windows 10 is called version 1703. It was codenamed "Redstone 2" (RS2) during development. This version is installed by the Creators Update, which Microsoft announced on October 26, 2016.[46][47] Version 1703 was released on April 11, 2017 for general availability,[48][49] and on April 5, 2017 for manual installation via Windows 10 Upgrade Assistant and Media Creation Tool tools.[50] This update primarily focuses on content creation, productivity, and gaming features—with a particular focus on virtual and augmented reality (including HoloLens and virtual reality headsets) and on aiding the generation of three-dimensional content.

It supports a new virtual reality workspace designed for use with headsets; Microsoft announced that several OEMs planned to release VR headsets designed for use with the Creators Update.[49][48][51] Controls for the Xbox app's Game Bar and Game DVR feature have moved to the Settings app, while a new "Game Mode" option allows resources to be prioritized towards games.[52] Integration with Microsoft acquisition Mixer (formerly Beam)[53] was added for live streaming.[52] The themes manager moved to Settings app, and custom accent colors are now possible.[52] The new app Paint 3D allows users to produce artwork using 3D models; the app is designed to make 3D creation more accessible to mainstream users.[54]

The presentation of Windows 10's privacy settings has changed to have more detailed explanations of the types of data that the operating system may collect. Additionally, the "enhanced" level of telemetry collection has been removed.[52] Windows Update notifications may now be "snoozed" for a period of time, the "active hours" during which Windows will not try to install updates may now extend up to 18 hours in length, and updates may be paused for up to seven days.[52] Windows Defender was also updated with a new user experience, Windows Defender Security Center.[52] "Dynamic Lock" allows a device to automatically lock if it is outside of the proximity of a designated Bluetooth device, such as a smartphone.[55] A "Night Light" feature was implemented which allows the user to change the color temperature of the display to the red part of the spectrum (to help the user sleep better). The feature acts like f.lux and the Night Shift feature available on iOS and macOS.[56]

Version 1709 (Fall Creators Update)[edit]

The fifth stable build of Windows 10 is called version 1709. It was codenamed "Redstone 3" (RS3) during development. This version is installed by the Fall Creators Update, which was released on October 17, 2017.[57][58][59] Version 1709 introduces a new feature known as "My People", where shortcuts to "important" contacts can be displayed on the taskbar. Notifications involving these contacts appear above their respective pictures, and users can communicate with the contact via either Skype, e-mail, or text messaging (integrating with Android and Windows 10 Mobile devices). Support for additional services, including Xbox, Skype for Business, and third-party integration, are to be added in the future. Files can also be dragged directly to the contact's picture to share them.[60] My People was originally announced for Creators Update, but was ultimately held over to the next release,[61][62] and made its first public appearance in Build 16184 in late April 2017.[58] A new "Files-on-Demand" feature for OneDrive serves as a partial replacement for the previous "placeholders" function.[63]

It also introduces a new security feature known as "controlled folder access", which allows application access to defined folders to be restricted to specified software. This feature is designed mainly to defend against file-encrypting ransomware.[64]

Features in development[edit]

In May 2017, Microsoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[65]

At Build 2017, Microsoft announced several key features that were to launch in Fall Creators Update; "Timeline" and "Pick up where you left off" will allow users to view a list of recently-used applications and files sourced from multiple devices in an on-screen timeline, and synchronize opened content in apps (such as Office documents) so a user can continue working on it from a different device (similar to macOS's "Handoff"). These functions are enabled via the Microsoft Graph platform, and will support Android and iOS devices.[66][67] Microsoft also plans to add a "Cloud clipboard" synchronized between devices.[63] Timeline has since been delayed to the next release.[68]

In November 2017, Microsoft detailed a new UI feature known as "Sets", which initially allows supported UWP programs to be hosted within Microsoft Edge tabs. Microsoft states that this feature is designed to "organize and resume multi-faceted tasks", and will eventually be extended to non-UWP software.[69][70]

On December 7, 2016, Microsoft announced that as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a 32-bit x86 processor emulator, in 2017. Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps). Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[71] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December 2017 to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon 835 system-on-chip, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate its Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[72][73]

System requirements[edit]

The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 are the same as for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than Windows 7. The 64-bit versions require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[77] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[78]

Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include Template:Keypress, Template:Keypress, and Template:Keypress keys; Template:Keypress and Template:Keypress keys are no longer required.[79]

As with Windows 8, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to run only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[80] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required for Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[74] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[81][82] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[83][84] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[85][86] on Windows 8.1, a version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January 2018.[87][88] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[89]

Windows 10 Creators Update and later does not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's stated policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[12][90]

Reception[edit]

Template:Main Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 in July 2015 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the operating system's bundled software (such as the Edge web browser), as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[91][92][93] However, TechRadar felt that WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 would be "the new WindowsTemplate:Nbsp7", citing the operating system's more familiar user interface, improvements to bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being more full-featured than its equivalents onTemplate:Nbsp8 andTemplate:Nbsp8.1. The Microsoft Edge web browser was praised for its performance, albeit not being in a feature-complete state on-launch. While considering them a "great idea in principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem, noting that "It's by no means certain that developers are going to flock to WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required."[92]

Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade process was painless, and that WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10's user interface had balanced aspects of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network due to inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[94]

Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting WindowsTemplate:Nbsp8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of unfinished concepts, WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 was considered "the best Windows yet" and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form factors, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[91]ExtremeTech felt that WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 restricted the choices of users, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[95]

Critics have noted that WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[96][97][98] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[99][96][100][101] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in Start menu and "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[97][98] ads displayed in File Explorer for Office 365 subscriptions on Creators' Update,[98] and various advertising notifications promoting Microsoft Edge when it is not set as default web browser.[102]

Market share and sales[edit]

Template:See also Template:Bar box Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that more than 14Template:Nbspmillion devices were running WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10.[104] On August 26, Microsoft said more than 75Template:Nbspmillion devices were running WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10, in 192Template:Nbspcountries, and on more than 90,000 unique PC or tablet models.[105] According to Terry Myerson, there were more than 110Template:Nbspmillion devices running WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 as of October 6, 2015.[106] On January 4, 2016, Microsoft reported that WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 had been activated on more than 200Template:Nbspmillion devices since the operating system's launch in July 2015.[107][108]

In the monthly hardware survey conducted by the video game distribution platform Steam, approximately 34.05% of all devices surveyed ran a version of Windows 10 (either 32-bit or 64-bit architecture) as of January 2016, in comparison to 42.08% using Windows 7. On 64-bit architecture only, Windows 10 was used by 32.77%, behind 34.31% on Windows 7 64-bit.[109]

According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows 8.1 in December 2015.[110][111]

According to StatCounter market share statistics (based on web use proxy), Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, it also holds across all platforms),[112] with several bigger European countries following (a British Crown dependency Isle of Man got there first ahead of any country, late in 2015[113]) and others such as Canada (most popular on desktops; iOS still more popular, ranked first). For one week late in November 2016, Windows 10 overtook first rank from Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[114]

At the end of June 2016, Windows 10 had been installed on nearly 350 million devices.[115] By the end of September, this number had become 400 million.[116]

By February 2017, Windows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[117]

First in middle of January 2018, Windows 10 got slightly ahead of Windows 7 globally,[118] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[119] while popularity varies widely by region, e.g. Windows 10 is still far behind in Asia[120] and Africa[121] and thus far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania[122] (e.g. its market share in Australia is double that of Windows 7).

Update system changes[edit]

Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[123] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[124][125] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 devices secure, and felt that "if you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest Windows service pack or some malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[126]

Concerns were raised that due to these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or cause issues with certain system configurationsTemplate:Nsmdnsalthough build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[124][126] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred just prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidia graphics card driver that was automatically pushed to WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented the use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[124]

Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows 10.[127] On February 9, 2016, Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide release notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[128]

Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), both without warning.[129][130]

Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB3176938, released on August 31, 2016),[131][132] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[133]

On June 2017, a Redstone 3 Insider build (which is known as rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to Insider and as well on non-Insider users in all Windows 10 PCs and Mobile, but the update was retracted earlier and Microsoft apologized and released a note in their Windows Insider Program blog in how to prevent the said Insider build to be installed in their device.[134] According to Dona Sarkar, "because an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders." [135]

Distribution practices[edit]

Microsoft was criticized for the tactics that it used to promote its free upgrade campaign for Windows 10, including adware-like behaviours,[136] using deceptive user interfaces to coax users into installing the operating system,[137][138][139][140] downloading installation files without user consent,[141][136] and making it difficult for users to suppress the advertising and notifications if they did not wish to upgrade to 10.[141][136][142] The upgrade offer was marketed and initiated using the "Get Windows 10" (GWX) application, which was first downloaded and installed via Windows Update in March 2015.[137][140]Registry keys and group policies could be used to partially disable the GWX mechanism, but the installation of patches to the GWX software via Windows Update could reset these keys back to defaults, and thus reactivate the software.[141][136][142][143][142][138] Third-party programs were also created to assist users in applying measures to disable GWX.[144]

In September 2015, it was reported that Microsoft was triggering automatic downloads of the WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 installation files on all compatible WindowsTemplate:Nbsp7 or 8.1Template:Nbspcomputers configured to automatically download and install updates, regardless of whether or not they had specifically requested the upgrade. Microsoft officially confirmed the change, claiming it was "an industry practice that reduces time for installation and ensures device readiness." This move was criticized by users who have data caps or devices with low storage capacity, as resources were consumed by the automatic downloads of up to 6Template:NbspGB of data. Other critics argued that Microsoft should not have triggered any downloading of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 installation files without user consent.[136][141][145]

In October 2015, WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 began to appear as an "Optional" update in the Windows Update interface, but pre-selected for installation on some systems. A Microsoft spokesperson said that this was a mistake, and that the download would no longer be pre-selected by default.[139] However, on October 29, 2015, Microsoft announced that it planned to classify WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 as a "recommended" update in the Windows Update interface some time in 2016, which will cause an automatic download of installation files and a one-time prompt with a choice to install to appear.[146][147] In December 2015, it was reported that a new advertising dialog had begun to appear, only containing "Upgrade now" and "Upgrade tonight" buttons, and no obvious method to decline installation besides the close button.[138]

In March 2016, some users also alleged that their Windows 7 and 8.1 devices had automatically begun upgrading to 10 without their consent.[148] In June 2016, the GWX dialog's behavior changed to make closing the window imply a consent to a scheduled upgrade.[149][150] Despite this, an Infoworld editor disputed the claims that upgrades had begun without any consent at all; testing showed that the upgrade to WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 would only begin once the user accepts the end-user license agreement (EULA) presented by its installer, and that not doing so would eventually cause Windows Update to time out with an error, thus halting the installation attempt. It was concluded that these users may have unknowingly clicked the "Accept" prompt without full knowledge that this would begin the upgrade.[151] In December 2016, Microsoft chief marketing officer Chris Capossela admitted that the company had "gone too far", by using this tactic, stating that "we know we want people to be running Windows 10 from a security perspective, but finding the right balance where you’re not stepping over the line of being too aggressive is something we tried and for a lot of the year I think we got it right."[152]

On January 21, 2016, Microsoft was sued in small claims court by a user whose computer, shortly after the release of the OS, had attempted to upgrade to WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 without her consent. The upgrade failed, and her computer was left in an unstable state thereafter, which disrupted the ability to run her travel agency. The court ruled in favor of the user and awarded her $10,000 in damages, but Microsoft appealed. However, in May 2016, Microsoft dropped the appeal and chose to pay the damages. Shortly after the suit was reported on by the Seattle Times, Microsoft confirmed that it was updating the GWX software once again to add more explicit options for opting out of a free Windows 10 upgrade;[153][154][150] the final notification was a full-screen pop-up window notifying users of the impending end of the free upgrade offer, and contained "Remind me later", "Do not notify me again" and "Notify me three more times" options.[155]

Privacy and data collection[edit]

Privacy advocates and other critics have expressed concern regarding WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10's privacy policies and its collection and use of customer data.[156] Under the default "Express" settings, WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 is configured to send various information to Microsoft and other parties, including the collection of user contacts, calendar data, and "associated input data" to personalize "speech, typing, and inking input", typing and inking data to improve recognition, allowing apps to use a unique "advertisingTemplate:NbspID" for analytics and advertising personalization (functionality introduced by Windows 8.1)[157] and allow apps to request the user's location data and send this data to Microsoft and "trusted partners" to improve location detection (WindowsTemplate:Nbsp8 had similar settings, except that location data collection did not include "trusted partners"[95]). Users can opt out from most of this data collection,[95][156] but telemetry data for error reporting and usage is also sent to Microsoft, and this cannot be disabled on non-Enterprise versions of WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10.[95] Microsoft's privacy policy states, however, that "Basic"-level telemetry data is anonymized and cannot be used to identify an individual user or device.[158] The use of Cortana also requires the collection of data "such as your device location, data from your calendar, the apps you use, data from your emails and text messages, who you call, your contacts and how often you interact with them on your device” to personalize its functionality.[156][159]

Rock Paper Shotgun writer Alec Meer argued that Microsoft's intent for this data collection lacked transparency, stating that "there is no world in which 45Template:Nbsppages of policy documents and opt-out settings split across 13Template:Nbspdifferent settings screens and an external website constitutes 'real transparency'."[156]ExtremeTech pointed out that, while previously scroogling against Google for similar data collection strategies, Microsoft now hoovers up your data in ways that would make Google jealous."[95] However, it was also pointed out that the requirement for such vast usage of customer data had become a norm, citing the increased reliance on cloud computing and other forms of external processing, as well as similar data collection requirements for services on mobile devices such as Google Now and Siri.[156][159] In August 2015, Russian politician Nikolai Levichev called for WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 to be banned from use within the Russian government, as it sends user data to servers in the United States. The country had passed a federal law requiring all online services to store the data of Russian users on servers within the country by September 2016, or be blocked.[160][161][162] Writing for ZDNet, Ed Bott said that the lack of complaints by businesses about privacy in WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 indicated "how utterly normal those privacy terms are in 2015."[163] In a Computerworld editorial, Preston Gralla stated that "the kind of information WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 gathers is no different from what other operating systems gather. But Microsoft is held to a different standard than other companies."[164]

Microsoft Services Agreement reads that the company's online services may automatically "download software updates or configuration changes, including those that prevent you from accessing the Services, playing counterfeit games, or using unauthorized hardware peripheral devices." Critics interpreted this statement as implying that Microsoft would scan for and delete unlicensed software installed on devices running WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10.[165] However, others pointed out that this agreement was specifically for Microsoft online services such as Microsoft account, Office 365, Skype, as well as Xbox Live, and that the offending passage most likely referred to digital rights management on Xbox consoles and first-party games, and not plans to police pirated video games installed on WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 PCs.[165][166] Despite this, some torrent trackers announced plans to block WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 users, also arguing that the operating system could send information to anti-piracy groups that are affiliated with Microsoft.[167] Writing about these allegations, Ed Bott of ZDNet compared Microsoft's privacy policy to Apple's and Google's and concluded that "after carefully reading the Microsoft Services Agreement, the Windows license agreement...and the Microsoft Privacy Statement carefully, I don't see anything that looks remotely like Big Brother."[163] Columnist Kim Komando argued that "Microsoft might in the future run scans and disable software or hardware it sees as a security threat," consistent with the WindowsTemplate:Nbsp10 update policy.[168]

See also[edit]

Template:Portal bar

References[edit]

Template:Reflist

External links[edit]

Template:Commons category

Template:Microsoft Windows family Template:Microsoft Windows components Template:Authority control

en.wikipedia.org

Windows 10 editions - Wikipedia

Windows 10 has twelve editions, all with varying feature sets, use cases, or intended devices. Certain editions are distributed only on devices directly from a device manufacturer, while editions such as Enterprise and Education are only available through volume licensing channels. Microsoft also makes editions of Windows 10 available to device manufacturers for use on specific classes of devices, including smartphones (Windows 10 Mobile) and IoT devices.

Baseline editions[edit]

Baseline editions are the only editions available as standalone purchases in the retail outlets.

Home Windows 10 Home is designed for use in PCs, tablets and 2-in-1 PCs. It includes all consumer-directed features.[1][2][3] Pro Windows 10 Pro adds additional features that are oriented towards business environments and power users. It is functionally equivalent to Windows 8.1 Pro.[1][2][3]

Organizational editions[edit]

These editions add features to facilitate centralized control of many installations of the OS within an organization. The main avenue of acquiring them is a volume licensing contract with Microsoft.

Enterprise Windows 10 Enterprise provides all the features of Windows 10 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT-based organizations, and is functionally equivalent to Windows 8.1 Enterprise.[1][2][3] Windows 10 Enterprise is configurable on three branches, Semi-Annual Channel, Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), and Windows Insider.[4] Education Windows 10 Education is distributed through Academic Volume Licensing. Initially, it was reported to have the same feature set as Windows 10 Enterprise.[1][2][3] As of version 1709, however, this edition has fewer features. See § Comparison chart for details Pro Education This edition was introduced in July 2016 for hardware partners on new devices purchased with the discounted K–12 academic license. It features a "Set Up School PCs" app that allows provisioning of settings using a USB flash drive, and does not include Cortana, Windows Store suggestions or Windows Spotlight.[5] Enterprise LTSB Enterprise LTSB is a long-term support version of Windows 10 Enterprise released every 2 to 3 years. They are supported with security updates for 10 years after their release, and intentionally receive no feature updates. Some features, including the Windows Store and bundled apps, are not included in this edition.[6][1][3] The 2019 release of this edition is expected to be called Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC.[7] Mobile Enterprise Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise provides all the features in Windows 10 Mobile, with additional features to assist with IT-based organizations, in a manner similar to Windows 10 Enterprise, but optimized for mobile devices.[1][2]

Device-specific editions[edit]

These editions are licensed to device manufacturers only. The main avenue of purchasing these editions is through buying a specific device (e.g. smartphones) that have them pre-installed.

Mobile Windows 10 Mobile is designed for smartphones and small tablets. It includes all basic consumer features, including Continuum capability. It is the de facto successor of Windows Phone 8.1 and Windows RT.[1][2] IoT Designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and IoT scenarios. It is a rebranded version of Microsoft's earlier embedded operating systems, Windows Embedded. Three editions are already announced: IoT Core, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Mobile Enterprise.[8][9][10] S Windows 10 S is a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 designed primarily for low-end devices in the education market. It has a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the "Set Up School PCs" app. Windows 10 S only allows the installation of software (both Universal Windows Platform and Windows API apps) from Windows Store, although command line programs or shells (even from Windows Store) are not allowed.[11][12] System settings are locked to only allow Microsoft Edge as the default web browser with Bing as its search engine.[13] The operating system may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee, to enable unrestricted software installation.[14][15] All Windows 10 S devices include a free one-year subscription to Minecraft: Education Edition. Critics have compared the edition to Windows RT, and have considered it to be a competitor to Chrome OS.[14][16][17][18][19] In February 2018, Neowin reported that Microsoft was experimenting with addition of a feature called "S Mode" to Home, Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[20] Team Windows 10 Team is a device-specific version of Windows 10 loaded onto the Surface Hub.[21] Pro for Workstations On August 10, 2017, Microsoft announced a Pro for Workstations edition to be made available in September, along with the Fall Creators Update for Windows 10. This edition is designed for high-end hardware for intensive computing tasks and supports Intel Xeon or AMD Opteron processors, up to 4 CPUs, up to 6TB RAM, the ReFS file system, Non-Volatile Dual In-line Memory Module (NVDIMM) and remote direct memory access (RDMA).[22][23][24] By December 15, 2017, this edition was available pre-installed on two Dell workstations.[25] Windows 10 Home, Pro and S editions can upgrade to this edition. This edition can be upgraded to Pro Education, Enterprise or Education editions of Windows 10.[26]

Variations[edit]

As with previous versions of Windows since XP, all Windows 10 editions for PC hardware have "N" and "KN" variations in Europe and South Korea that exclude certain bundled multimedia functionality, including media players and related components, in order to comply with antitrust rulings. The "Media Feature Pack" can be installed to restore these features.[27]

As with Windows 8.1, a reduced-price "Windows 10 with Bing" SKU is available to OEMs; it is subsidized by having Microsoft's Bing search engine set as default, which cannot be changed to a different search engine by OEMs. It is intended primarily for low-cost devices, and is otherwise identical to Windows 10 Home.[28]

In May 2017, it was reported that Microsoft had, as part of its partnership with China Electronics Technology Group, created a specially-modified version of Windows 10 Enterprise designed for use within branches of the Chinese government. This version is pre-configured to "remove features that are not needed by Chinese government employees", and allow the use of its internal encryption algorithms.[29][30]

Comparison chart[edit]

Guide Item Meaning
Yes Feature is present in the given edition
Yes, with [update] Feature is present in the given edition after installing a certain update
No Feature is absent from the given edition
[Explanation] Feature is partly present in the given edition
[Explanation] with [update] Feature is partly present in the given edition, after installing a certain update (It might have been fully present prior to that update, or not present at all)

Microsoft OEM licensing formula takes display size, RAM capacity and storage capacity into account. In mid-2015, devices with 4 GB RAM were expected to be $20 more expensive than devices with 2 GB RAM.[40]

Upgrade path[edit]

Free upgrade[edit]

At the time of launch, Microsoft deemed Windows 7 (with Service Pack 1), Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 users eligible to upgrade to Windows 10 free of charge, so long as the upgrade takes place within one year of Windows 10's initial release date. Windows RT and the respective Enterprise editions of Windows 7, 8, and 8.1 were excluded from this offer.[41]

Windows 10 free upgrade matrix(for the first year of availability)[41] Windows version and edition Windows 10 edition
Windows 7 Starter Home
Windows 7 Home Basic
Windows 7 Home Premium
Windows 7 Professional Pro
Windows 7 Ultimate
Windows 8.1 with Bing Home
Windows 8.1
Windows 8.1 Pro Pro
Windows Phone 8.1 Mobile

Commercial upgrade[edit]

The following table summarizes possible upgrade paths that can be taken, provided that proper licenses are purchased.

Guide Item Meaning
Yes Full upgrade is possible, preserving apps, settings and data
No Full upgrade is not possible
Downgrade Full upgrade is possible but feature loss will occur
Supported upgrade targets[42] Windowsversion Windowsedition Upgrade target Windows10 Home Windows10 Pro Windows10 ProEducation Windows 10Enterprise Windows 10Education Windows 7 Windows 8.x Windows 8.xEmbedded Windows 10
Starter Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Home Basic Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Home Premium Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Professional Downgrade Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ultimate Downgrade Yes Yes Yes Yes
Enterprise No No No Yes Yes
(Core) Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Professional Downgrade Yes Yes Yes Yes
Enterprise No No No Yes Yes
Industry No No No Yes No
Home N/A Yes Yes No Yes
Pro Downgrade N/A Yes Yes Yes
Enterprise No No No N/A Yes
Education No No No Downgrade N/A

Release branches[edit]

New builds of Windows 10, known as feature updates,[6] are, since 2017, released biannually in March and September of each year. Each feature update contains new features and other changes to the operating system.[43] The pace at which a system receives feature updates is dependent on the release branch from which the system downloads its updates. Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise and Education can optionally use a branch that receives updates at a slower pace. These modes can be managed through system settings, Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Windows Update for Business, Group Policy or through mobile device management systems such as Microsoft Intune.[6]

Windows Insider Windows Insider is a beta testing program that allows access to pre-release builds of Windows 10; it is designed to allow power users, developers, and vendors to test and provide feedback on future feature updates to Windows 10 as they are developed. Windows Insider itself consists of three "rings", "fast" (which receives new builds as they are released), "Slow" (which receives new builds on a delay after it is deployed to Fast ring users), and "Release Preview". Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted) The Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), previously known as the Current Branch (CB), distributes all feature updates as they graduate from the Windows Insider branch. Microsoft only supports the latest build. As of version 1703, additional settings are provided to pause or defer feature updates for a specified length of time, but they are not available on Windows 10 Home.[44][45] Semi-Annual Channel The Semi-Annual Channel, previously known as Current Branch for Business (CBB), distributes feature updates on a four-month delay from their original release to the Semi-Annual Channel. This allows customers and vendors to evaluate and perform additional testing on new builds before broader deployments. Devices can be switched back to the Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted) at any time. The Semi-Annual Channel is not available on Windows 10 Home.[6][46] Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) This branch is exclusively available for Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition and distributes snapshots of this edition that are updated every 2-3 years. LTSB builds adhere to Microsoft's traditional support policy which was in effect before Windows 10: They are not updated with new features, and are supported with critical updates for 10 years after their release. Microsoft officially discourages the use of LTSB outside of "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function and thus do not require new user experience features. As a result, it excludes Windows Store, most Cortana functionality, and most bundled apps (including Microsoft Edge).[6][1][3] According to a Microsoft announcement, this branch will be renamed Long-Term Servicing Channel (LTSC) in 2019, to match the name changes mentioned above.[7]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ There are four telemetry levels, in the order of magnitude: Security, basic, advanced, and full. The higher the level, the more information are sent to Microsoft.
  2. ^ Cortana is available only in certain markets. Experience may vary by region and device.
  3. ^ Windows Hello requires specialized hardware, such as a fingerprint reader, illuminated IR sensor or other biometric sensor.
  4. ^ On Windows 10 Pro, a Control Panel applet corresponding to this feature appears, but a Windows 10 Enterprise or Education image is still needed.[38][39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Prophet, Tony (May 13, 2015). "Introducing Windows 10 Editions". Windows Experience Blog. Microsoft. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Bott, Ed (May 14, 2015). "Windows 10 editions: Everything you need to know". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Foley, Mary Jo (July 2, 2015). "Which Windows 10 editions get which features?". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. 
  4. ^ DaniHalfin. "Assign devices to servicing branches for Windows 10 updates (Windows 10)". docs.microsoft.com. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  5. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (July 27, 2016). "Microsoft to add new Windows 10 Pro Education edition to its line-up". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Overview of Windows as a service". Microsoft. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Brinkmann, Martin (July 28, 2017). "Windows 10 LTSB becomes Windows 10 LTSC". gHacks Technology News. 
  8. ^ "Windows 10 IoT for your business". Windows for Business. Microsoft. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Windows 10 IoT Enterprise". MS Embedded. Silica. August 14, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  10. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (December 3, 2015). "Microsoft updates Windows 10 IoT, adds new Core Pro version". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. 
  11. ^ Turner, Rich. "Will Linux distros run on Windows 10 S?". Microsoft. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (May 19, 2017). "Linux distros won't run on Windows 10 S after all". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  13. ^ Warren, Tom. "Windows 10 S won't let you change the default browser or switch to Google search". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  14. ^ a b Chacos, Brad. "Meet Windows 10 S, a streamlined, simplified, Windows Store-only OS for schools". PC World. IDG. 
  15. ^ Warren, Tom (June 19, 2017). "Microsoft now lets Surface Laptop owners revert back to Windows 10 S". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  16. ^ "Windows 10 S is Microsoft's answer to Chrome OS". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  17. ^ Bright, Peter (September 14, 2016). "Desktop apps make their way into the Windows Store". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. 
  18. ^ "Windows 10 Cloud looks just like Windows 10 in leaked screenshots". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Leaked Microsoft document confirms Windows 10 Cloud and a Chromebook competitor". PC World. IDG. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  20. ^ Neowin https://www.neowin.net/news/windows-10-home-in-s-mode-is-a-thing-according-to-a-feedback-hub-quest. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  21. ^ "Windows 10 Team Anniversary Update now available for Microsoft Surface Hub". Neowin. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  22. ^ Diaconu, Klaus (August 10, 2017). "Microsoft announces Windows 10 Pro for Workstations". Windows For Your Business. Microsoft. 
  23. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (August 10, 2017). "Microsoft confirms new Windows 10 Pro for Workstations edition". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. 
  24. ^ Warren, Tom (August 10, 2017). "Microsoft reveals new Windows 10 Workstations edition for power users". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  25. ^ Valdez Ruggiero, Augusto (December 15, 2017). "Windows 10 Pro for Workstations: Power through advanced workloads". Windows For Your Business. Microsoft. 
  26. ^ Lindsay, Greg; Huang, Yufei; Brower, Nick; de Guzman, Celeste; Lich, Brian (January 18, 2018). "Windows 10 edition upgrade". Windows IT Pro Center. Microsoft. 
  27. ^ Ron (August 2, 2015). "Grab the Media Feature Pack for Windows 10 N and Windows 10 KN editions". WinBeta. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  28. ^ Slater-Robins, Max. "Microsoft is helping manufacturers make cheap tablets that can run Windows as well as Android". Business Insider UK. Business Insider UK. Retrieved April 23, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Microsoft made a version of Windows 10 for the Chinese government". Engadget. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  30. ^ Myerson, Terry (May 23, 2017). "Announcing Windows 10 China Government Edition and the new Surface Pro". Windows 10 blog. Microsoft. 
  31. ^ Dudau, Vlad (June 10, 2015). "Microsoft shows OEMs how to market Windows 10; talks features and SKUs". Neowin. Neowin LLC. Retrieved June 19, 2015. 
  32. ^ "Compare Windows 10 Pro & Enterprise (E3 & E5) Commercial Editions". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Retrieved July 2, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Compare Windows 10 Editions & Versions | Home & Pro". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 
  34. ^ Howse, Brett (July 2, 2015). "Windows 10 Editions Compared". AnandTech. Purch. 
  35. ^ "Configure Windows telemetry in your organization". docs.microsoft.com. Microsoft. May 22, 2017. 
  36. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (June 9, 2015). "Some Windows 10 Enterprise users won't get Microsoft's Edge browser". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Features that are removed or deprecated in Windows 10 Fall Creators Update". Support (28 ed.). Microsoft. October 17, 2017. 
  38. ^ a b c Thurrott, Paul (February 10, 2017). "Ask Paul: Is Windows To Go Coming to Windows 10 Pro?". thurrott.com. BWW Media Group. 
  39. ^ a b c Niehaus, Michael; Lich, Brian. "Windows To Go frequently asked questions (Windows 10)". docs.microsoft.com. Microsoft. Retrieved July 30, 2017. How can Windows To Go be deployed in an organization? [~snip~] A Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education image 
  40. ^ "TrendForce Adjusts Notebooks' Unit Memory Capacity for 2015 Down by 3~5% due to Microsoft's New License Fee Arrangement for Windows 10". DRAMeXchange. TrendForce Corp. July 27, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  41. ^ a b Trent, Rod (June 9, 2015). "Windows 10 Upgrade Paths". SuperSite for Windows. Penton. 
  42. ^ Lindsay, Greg; Lich, Brian (April 5, 2017). "Windows 10 upgrade paths". Microsoft Docs. Microsoft. 
  43. ^ Warren, Tom (April 20, 2017). "Microsoft will now release major Windows 10 updates every March and September". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  44. ^ Leonhard, Woody (March 1, 2017). "Put Windows 10 updates on hold—now available in Creators Update build 15046". Computerworld. IDG. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  45. ^ Paul, Ian (April 18, 2017). "How to defer future updates in the Windows 10 Creators Update". PC World. IDG. 
  46. ^ Keizer, Gregg (November 17, 2015). "How to defer upgrades and updates in Windows 10 Pro". Computerworld. IDG. 

en.wikipedia.org

Windows 10 | Windows вики

Разработчик Семейство ОС Основана на Исходный код Первый выпуск Последняя версия Последняя тестовая версия Метод обновления Менеджеры пакетов Поддерживаемые языки Поддерживаемые платформы Тип ядра Интерфейс Лицензия Состояние Веб-сайт
Windows 10

Рабочий стол Windows 10

Microsoft
Windows NT
Windows 8.1
закрытый
1 октября 2014 года
10.0.10586 — 12 ноября 2015 года
10.0.11082 — 16 декабря 2015 года
Центр обновления Windows, Магазин Windows
OneGet (модуль PowerShell)
многоязычный (в том числе русский)
x86, x86-64 и ARM
Гибридное ядро
Metro
Коммерческая
актуальное
microsoft.com/ru-ru/windows

Windows 10 — операционная система для персональных компьютеров, разработанная корпорациейMicrosoft в рамках семейства Windows NT. После Windows 8 система получила номер 10, минуя 9.

Система призвана стать единой для разных устройств, таких как персональные компьютеры, планшеты,смартфоны, консоли Xbox One и пр. Доступна единая платформа разработки и единый магазинуниверсальных приложений, совместимых со всеми поддерживаемыми устройствами[1]. Windows 10поставляется в качестве услуги с выпуском обновлений на протяжении всего цикла поддержки. В течение первого года после выхода системы пользователи могут бесплатно обновиться до Windows 10 на устройствах под управлением легальных Windows 7, Windows 8.1 и Windows Phone 8.1.[2] Среди значимых нововведений — голосовая помощница Кортана, возможность создания и переключения нескольких рабочих столов и др.[3]Windows 10 — последняя «коробочная» версия Windows,[4] все последующие версии будут распространяться исключительно в цифровом виде.

Лицензионное соглашение Windows 10 позволяет компании Microsoft собирать многочисленные сведения о пользователе, историю его интернет-деятельности, пароли к сайтам и точкам доступа, данные, набираемые на клавиатуре и многое другое[5][6] (см. раздел «Сбор данных»).

    После Windows 8 система получила номер 10, минуя 9. Как объяснил глава Microsoft по маркетингу Windows Тони Профет, пропуск девятого номера в наименовании операционной системы Windows не связан с совместимостью. Многие программы определяли бы её, как систему из семейства Windows 9x, которые выпускались с 1995 по 2000 год. Изначально предполагалось, что нынешняя Windows 8.1 будет названа Windows 9, в Microsoft не хотели, чтобы новая версия Windows ассоциировалась с непопулярной Windows 8:

    Первая предварительная версия Windows 10 (сборка 9841) была выпущена 30 сентября 2014 года для корпоративных клиентов. На следующий день эта сборка стала доступной для загрузки на сайте программы предварительной оценки Windows.

    Microsoft использовала пожелания и предпочтения пользователей в процессе создания новой версии операционной системы. Для этого применяется предварительное тестирование с помощью Программы предварительной оценки Windows.

    Распространение Править

    Windows 10 — первая операционная система Microsoft, которая официально распространяется не только с серверов поставщика, но и с компьютеров её пользователей, по принципу протокола BitTorrent. По такому же принципу распространяются и обновления Windows 10, причём эта настройка включена по умолчанию, то есть, если у пользователя лимитированный трафик, тариф с оплатой за объём трафика или скорость подключения к сети не позволяет излишне нагружать линию связи — то эту опцию следует отключить[8][9]. Так же имеется возможность оставить обмен обновлениями только между компьютерами локальной сети.

    В течение первого года после выхода системы пользователи смогут бесплатно обновиться до Windows 10 на любом устройстве под управлением официальных версий Windows 7, Windows 8.1 и Windows Phone 8.1, соответствующим определённым требованиям[10].

    Прямое обновление Править

    Прямое обновление до Windows 10 доступно для Windows 7 и Windows 8.1 с 29 июля 2015 года для устройств, соответствующих определенным требованиям[11]. Вопросы и ответы по обновлению рассмотрены в официальном собрании вопросов[12]. Для обновления на Windows 8.1 требуется установленный Windows 8.1 Update. Для Windows 8 потребуется установить обновление Windows 8.1. Для обновления на Windows 7 требуется SP1. В течение первого года после выхода финальной версии Windows 10 будет возможно получить обновление бесплатно. Пользователи Windows Vista и более старых версий, даже с пакетами обновлений, не смогут совершить прямое обновление до Windows 10. Для этого им потребуется чистая установка «с нуля»[13]. Исключение: пользователи Vista, которым досталась бесплатно Windows 7 по различного рода акциям[14]. Они смогут выполнить цепное обновление: Windows Vista - Windows 7 - Windows 10 бесплатно по своей лицензии. Обновление для всех, кому оно доступно, требуется лишь один раз на конкретном оборудовании.

    Обновление осуществляется с помощью приложения «Получить Windows 10», которое распространяется через обновление KB3035583. В нём можно зарезервировать и загрузить систему до 29 июля 2016 года — срока окончания акции. Установочные файлы сами загрузятся на компьютер, однако можно отложить установку. Установка в среднем может идти около часа. Можно также и быстрее обновиться до Windows 10 — для этого можно с сайта Microsoft загрузить утилиту для создания установочных носителей и выбрать вариант обновления. Данные способы обновления не распространяются на выпуски корпоративной версии, корпоративную версию нужно обновить через образ VLSC, выданный корпорацией[15].

    Пути обновления до Windows 10[16][17]Версия и редакция Windows до обновления Редакция после обновления до Windows 10
    Windows 7 Начальная Windows 10 Домашняя
    Windows 7 Домашняя базовая
    Windows 7 Домашняя расширенная
    Windows 8.1 Core
    Windows 8.1 с Bing Windows 10 Домашняя с Bing
    Windows 8.1 для одного языка Windows 10 Домашняя для одного языка
    Windows 7 Профессиональная Windows 10 Профессиональная
    Windows 7 Максимальная
    Windows 8.1 Профессиональная
    Windows 7 Корпоративная Windows 10 Корпоративная[15] (обновление

    производится вне акции)

    Windows 8.1 Корпоративная

    Отличия от предыдущих версий Windows Править

    Основные отличия Править

    • Обновлённое меню «Пуск» позволит пользователю в один клик просматривать списки часто используемых приложений и файлов, а также настраивать приложения, программы, контакты и веб-сайты. Имеется возможность закрепить плитки в меню «Пуск», а если плитки не нужны, их можно убрать. Однако, если пользователям больше по душе экран «Пуск», как в Windows 8.1, они смогут переключиться на него.
    • Начиная со сборки 10056 можно изменять размер меню «Пуск» с помощью курсора мыши или развернуть меню на весь экран.
    • Недавно установленные приложения расположены в середине списка приложений меню «Пуск», а не отображаются и подсвечиваются при открытии диалога «все приложения», как это было в предыдущих версиях Windows.
    • Приложения Магазина Windows теперь открываются в оконном режиме. С помощью новой кнопки в заголовке окна можно развернуть приложение на весь экран (если оно это поддерживает).
    • Панель чудо-кнопок заменена Центром уведомлений. Теперь они доступны лишь в меню управления приложением в заголовке окна.
    • Новый «Центр уведомлений» с кнопками быстрых настроек. Уведомления будут синхронизироваться с другими устройствами, работающими на Windows 10.
    • В Панель задач добавлены панель поиска, кнопки просмотра задач (также рабочие столы) и Центра уведомлений.
    • Новая панель поиска с интегрированным голосовым помощником Кортана. Голосовая активация позволяет вызывать поиск командой «Hey, Cortana». Она может искать и открывать файлы или приложения, отправлять сообщения и прочее. Пока доступна только для США, Великобритании, Китая, Франции, Италии, Германии и Испании, однако с официальным релизом планируется оптимизация и для других государств, в том числе и России, но только с появлением Windows Redstone в 2016 году.
    • Кнопка просмотра задач позволит пользователю создавать множество рабочих столов и переключаться между ними, чтобы повысить эффективность работы с несколькими программами одновременно. Также экран просмотра задач можно открыть комбинацией клавиш ⊞ Win+Tab ↹.
    • При нажатии на значок сети подключения будут открываться в маленьком окне, как в Windows 7. Оттуда же можно будет мгновенно включить режим «в самолёте» или же перейти к параметрам компьютера.
    • Обновлённый интерфейс индикатора батареи при нажатии на значок батареи.
    • Обновлены часы и календарь.
    • Улучшенная функция Snap[en], позволяет открывать сразу 4 приложения одновременно и подсказывает, какие ещё приложения запущены и как их можно разместить.
    • Перерисованы некоторые значки. Также окна теперь имеют более современную анимацию открытия и закрытия. Изменена анимация при установке программ.
    • В новой ОС рамки окон стали очень тонкими, также изменён их интерфейс.
    • Режим Continuum позволит взаимодействовать одновременно и с сенсорным интерфейсом и с традиционным на гибридных устройствах — то есть позволит подключать монитор, мышь и клавиатуру к телефону (функция обещана для «выбранных» моделей новых устройств премиум-класса «в ближайшее время».
    • Обновлены экран приветствия и экран блокировки.
    • Центр поддержки в Windows 10 переименован в «Безопасность и обслуживание».
    • Функция Storage Sense позволяет сохранять приложения из Магазина Windows не только на жёсткий диск, но и на карту памяти.
    • Интерфейс процесса установки получил обновлённый графический интерфейс, однако он доступен только при обновлении Windows на новую сборку и обновлению до Windows 10.
    • Служба Windows Hello для входа в систему с помощью биометрических данных позволяет не вводить пароль на тех сайтах и приложениях, которые её поддерживают. Наряду с Windows Hello, Microsoft запускает систему, которая называется Microsoft Passport, предназначенную для замены пароля с помощью личных устройств, таких как смартфоны и носимые устройства, чтобы можно было пройти аутентификацию в корпоративных системах и онлайн-контенте[2].
    • В тестовой версии 10056 «Панель задач», «Центр уведомлений» и меню «Пуск» получили эффект прозрачности Aero. Вся прозрачность в системе может быть легко отключена или наоборот включена через параметры компьютера.
    • Новое приложение «Параметры» в ближайшее время полностью заменит «Панель управления», которая пока существует в Windows 10, но с ограниченной функциональностью.

    Приложения Править

    • Обновлён Магазин Windows.
    • В систему встроен сервис OneGet, позволяющий устанавливать программы как в Linux с помощью менеджеров пакетов.
    • Приложение обратной связи Windows Feedback позволяет сообщать Microsoft о своём опыте использования предварительных версий Windows 10, а также об ошибках и пожеланиях.
    • Добавлено новое приложение «Начало работы».
    • В командную строку добавили возможность использовать вставку текста, скопированного в буфер обмена, через комбинацию клавиш Ctrl+V.
    • В «Проводник» добавлен более функциональный поиск и отображение последних файлов вместе с самыми посещаемыми папками.
    • Обновлено приложение «Калькулятор».
    • Новый браузер Microsoft Edge, который поставляется в системе с сборки 10158[2], Internet Explorer остаётся для совместимости со старыми приложениями.

    Панель задач

    Windows 10 Мобильная Править

    Основная статья: Windows 10 Mobile

    Windows 10 Мобильная предназначена для устройств с диагоналями экрана до 8 дюймов. Смартфоны с Windows Phone 8.1 будут иметь возможность обновиться до неё. Разработка этой версии началась еще в 2012 году.

    Новые функции Править

    • Экран блокировки в Windows 10 для мобильных устройств похож на вариант Windows Phone 8, но главный экран теперь имеет поддержку фонового изображения.
    • Теперь недавно установленные приложения расположены в верхней части всего списка.
    • Обновлён Центр уведомлений. Пользователи смогут добавить несколько строк настраиваемых элементов управления в верхней части Центра действий.
    • Интерактивные уведомления. Пользователю, получившему текстовое сообщение, будет достаточно просто нажать на интерактивное уведомление, чтобы ответить, не открывая приложение.
    • Возможность перемещать клавиатуру в разные места дисплея, что поможет найти наиболее удобное положение.
    • Полностью переработанное меню настроек.
    • Интеграция Skype прямо в раздел сообщений, что позволяет проще переключаться между текстовыми сообщениями и чатом Skype без необходимости открывать второе приложение.

    Системные требования Править

    Минимальные системные требования Windows 10 Мобильная - экран с разрешением 800х480 (854х480 без аппаратных кнопок) и оперативная память 512 Мбайт.

    В Windows 10 Microsoft собирает множество данных об использовании компьютера. Согласно заявлению о конфиденциальности[18], Microsoft собирает данные, используемые для улучшения продуктов и служб. Примерами таких данных являются имя, адрес электронной почты, предпочтения и интересы, журнал браузера, журнал поиска и история файлов, данные телефонных звонков и SMS-сообщений, конфигурация устройств и данные с датчиков, а также данные об использовании приложений. Также могут собираться все данные, вводимые с клавиатуры, рукописно или через системы распознавания речи. Сбор данных может происходить при установке программ, использовании голосового поиска, открытии файлов, вводе текстов. Собранные данные могут передаваться третьей стороне с согласия пользователя для предоставления запрошенных услуг, а также предоставляться изготовителям оборудования[18].

    Использование персональных данных вызвало опасения пользователей и новостных сайтов. [19].

    Впервые обильный сбор данных был замечен в предварительных версиях ОС, однако и в финальной версии Windows 10 производится сбор определенных данных и их отсылка в Microsoft[20], в частности по умолчанию браузеры Microsoft Edge или Internet Explorer собирают информацию о поиске в интернете и о посещенных сайтах, приложения и сервисы Windows собирают информацию о местоположении[21], помощник Cortana собирает контактные данные, сведения о звонках и текстовых сообщениях, историю посещений сайтов[22]. Помощник Cortana для своей работы требует разрешить сбор и отправку статистики всей вводимой информации (через распознавание голоса, рукописного ввода и с помощью клавиатур)[23]. Также в Microsoft передаются ключи шифрования жесткого диска (отключение данной опции возможно лишь в профессиональных версиях)[24], пароли к сетям WiFi («Контроль Wi-Fi» предоставляет эти ключи друзьям в Facebook, контактам outlook.com и Skype)[25].

    Windows 10 содержит два сервиса для сбора и отправки в Microsoft «отчетов об ошибках» и «сбора данных об использовании программ» (список установленных приложений, статистика их использования). Отключение обоих сервисов доступно лишь в версии «Windows 10 Enterprise»; более доступные версии ОС Home и Pro всегда отсылают по крайней мере базовую информацию[5][6].

    Российское надзорное ведомство, Роскомнадзор, в ходе проверки обращения Николая Левичева[26] заявило, что деятельность компании Microsoft, связанная с сбором данных в операционных системах, не нарушает российское законодательство об информации, поскольку пользователи добровольно соглашаются с лицензионным соглашением.[27]

    На Windows 10 обрушился шквал критики из-за слежки Операционной Системы за пользователями. Пользователям не понравилось, что Windows собирает ряд различных типов данных. Таких как: местоположение, названия открываемых программ, данные их электронных почт и различных менеджеров, данные о контактах и частоту взаимодействия с этими контактами на мобильных устройствах, которые находятся под управлением Windows 10. Все эти данные автоматический отправляются на облачные сервера Microsoft. Часть критики также относится к тому, что Windows делится паролями от WiFi с другими пользователями[28][29][30].

    Технические требования Править

    Система предъявляет следующие требования к персональному компьютеру:

    • Процессор: 1 ГГц или более или система на кристалле.
    • Оперативная память: 1 ГБ для 32-разрядной системы или 2 ГБ для 64-разрядной системы.
    • Место на диске: 16 ГБ для 32-разрядной или 20 ГБ для 64-разрядной системы.
    • Видеокарта с поддержкой Microsoft DirectX 9 и с драйвером WDDM.
    • Дисплей с разрешением не менее 800х600 пикселей.[31]

    К производителям смартфонов и других мобильных устройств с предустановленной Windows 10 Microsoft предъявляет следующие требования:

    • Дисплей с диагональю от 2 до 7,99 дюймов.
    • Минимум 4 ГБ встроенного хранилища.
    • Слот microSD для устройств с 4 ГБ встроенного хранилища.
    • Минимум 512 МБ для смартфонов и небольших планшетов с 32-битными чипами.
    • Обязательные кнопки включения и кнопки громкости.
    • Обязателен разъём для подключения гарнитуры.
    • Минимум 4 ГБ ОЗУ для устройств с разрешением экрана 2560×2048.
    • Минимум 3 ГБ ОЗУ для устройств с разрешениями экрана 2048×1152 и 2560×1600.
    • Минимум 2 ГБ ОЗУ — для разрешений 1440×900, 1920×1200 и 1920×1080.
    • Минимум 1 ГБ ОЗУ — для разрешений 960×540, 1366×768, 1280×720 и 1024×720.
    • Минимум 512 МБ ОЗУ — для разрешений 800×480 и 854×480[32].

    Windows 10 имеет 8 редакций[33]:

    • Windows 10 Домашняя — базовая версия для пользователей ПК, ноутбуков и планшетных компьютеров. Поставляется с ноутбуками и нетбуками.
    • Windows 10 Домашняя для одного языка полностью аналогична редакции Домашняя, но возможность менять язык отключена. Поставляется с ноутбуками и нетбуками.
    • Windows 10 Домашняя с Bing — версия Windows 10, в которой в браузерах Edge и Internet Explorer поисковая система по умолчанию - Bing, при этом изменить её невозможно. Поставляется с некоторыми ноутбуками.
    • Windows 10 Профессиональная — версия для ПК, лэптопов и планшетов с функциями для малого бизнеса типа CYOD (выбери своё устройство).
    • Windows 10 Мобильная — версия для смартфонов и небольших планшетов.
    • Windows 10 Корпоративная — версия для более крупного бизнеса с расширенными функциями управления корпоративными ресурсами, безопасности и т. д.
    • Windows 10 для образовательных учреждений — вариант "Профессиональной" для учебных заведений.
    • Windows 10 Мобильная корпоративная — вариант корпоративной версии, адаптированный под мобильные устройства и тач с усиленной безопасностью.
    • Windows 10 IoT Домашняя — версия для разнообразных компьютерных устройств, таких как терминалы, роботы и т. д., со специфическими функциями, например, для использования в платёжных терминалах на базе Windows-планшетов.

    ru.windows.wikia.com

    Windows 10 – Wikipedie

    Windows 10 je operační systém rodiny Windows NT společnosti Microsoft, určený pro použití na stolních počítačích, noteboocích, tabletech, chytrých telefonech, herních konzolích Xbox i dalších zařízeních. Tento systém vyšel 29. července 2015[1] a má být podle Microsoftu přelomový: sjednocuje všechna zařízení pod jeden systém (byť lehce modifikovaný, vždy ale se stejným jádrem), vrací zpět jednotu uživatelského prostředí spojením Modern UI a Windows Aero a zároveň přidává nové funkce jako například virtuální plochy. Další změnou je sjednocení obchodu s aplikacemi, Store, na mobilní i desktopové platformě (Windows Phone Store a Windows Store).

    Dne 28. července 2015 nabídla firma Microsoft bezplatnou aktualizaci na Windows 10 pro systémy Windows 7 a Windows 8. Nabídka skončila 29. července 2016.[4]

    Microsoft u systému Windows 10 sice pokračoval v označování systémů čísly, přeskočil však číslo 9. Terry Myerson žertem uvedl, že Microsoft chtěl pojmenovat systém Windows One (podobně jako OneDrive, OneNote nebo Xbox One), ale označení Windows 1 již bylo obsazeno.[5] Tony Prophet (viceprezident marketingu pro Windows) uvedl, že jde o velký skok.[6] Název Windows 9 byl však využíván jako test přítomnosti systémů Windows 95 a Windows 98, což mohlo mít na volbu názvu vliv.[7][8]

    Minimální požadavky jsou stejné jako u předchozí verze:

    • Procesor taktován na 1 GHz nebo rychlejší s podporou technologií PAE, NX bit a SSE2.
    • RAM paměť: minimálně 2 GB operační paměti RAM, pro 64bitovou verzi jsou doporučeny 4 GB.
    • Místo na disku: 16 GB pro 32bitovou verzi, 20 GB pro 64bitovou verzi.
    • Grafické zařízení: podpora Microsoft DirectX 9 s ovladačem WDDM (doporučeno WDDM 1.3 a vyšší).
    • Monitor s rozlišením 800×600 a vyšší (pro srovnání: Windows 8/8.1 vyžadují 1024×768).
    • UEFI 2.3.1.

    Od roku 2016 bude vyžadována přítomnost hardwarového TPM 2.0.[9]

    Windows 10 je standardně dostupný v těchto edicích:

    • Home - verze pro domácnosti. Jedná se o ekvivalentní edici Windows 7 Home Premium a Windows 8 (Windows 8 Core).
    • Pro - pro malé a střední firmy. Jedná se o ekvivalentní edici Windows 7 Professional, nebo Windows 8 Pro. Funkčně vychází z Windows 8 Core a přidává funkce důležité pro podnikové sítě jako jsou funkce Vzdálená plocha a připojení do Domény Windows, Active Directory nebo online služby Azure Active Directory
    • Enterprise - pro velké firmy. Jedná se o ekvivalentní edici Windows 8 Enterprise určené pro velké společnosti. Tato verze vychází z Windows 10 Pro a přidává další funkce pro správu a zabezpečení velkých sítí.
    • Enterprise LTSB - Windows 10 Enterprise Long Term Servicing Branch (LTSB), která neakceptuje aktualizace měnící zásadně funkcionalitu Windows (tzv. nové Buildy Windows). Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB 1511 by tedy nenabízela aktualizaci na Windows 10 Enterprise 1607.
    • Education - verze pro školy. Jedná se o novou edici Windows, ekvivalentní edici Enterprise, ale obsahuje některé funkce zaměřené přímo pro školy.
    • Mobile - mobilní verze Windows 10
    • Mobile Enterprise - mobilní verze Windows 10 určené pro velké společnosti.
    • IoT Core - vývojová platforma pro IoT[10]. Jedná se o speciální edici Windows 10, která používá ze systému pouze jádro. Windows 10 IoT Core nemá GUI, kromě jednoduchých nástrojů pro nastavení sítě a její diagnostiku.

    Nabídka Start[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Nabídka Start ve Windows 10 vznikla spojením klasické nabídky Start ze starších verzí systému Windows a obrazovky Start z Windows 8. Nabízí zde pole pro hledání (které umí nově prohledávat i internet), nedávno použité aplikace, nástroj pro přepínání nebo odhlášení uživatelských účtů a pravou část nabídky Start tvoří živé dlaždice. Nabídka Start se může zobrazovat ve dvou velikostech, při přepnutí do velké nabídky se složky dlaždic zobrazují ve dvou sloupcích. Anniversary update nabídku Start změnil.[11]

    Multitasking[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Hlavní panel ve Windows 10 nově obsahuje tlačítko Task View, které je (stejně jako tažení prstem od levého okraje obrazovky) vstupem do řízení multitaskingu. Zde je samozřejmě možné přeskakovat z jedné aplikace do druhé, přibyla zde navíc možnost vytváření virtuálních ploch. Uživatel si také může vybrat, zda chce zobrazovat aplikace z jiných ploch na hlavním panelu právě otevřené plochy.

    Vylepšené přichytávání aplikací[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    V dřívějších verzích Windows bylo možné přichytit okna pouze k polovině obrazovky, nyní je tato možnost rozšířena také na čtvrtinu obrazovky-to při přichycení aplikace k rohu monitoru. Navíc, při opakovaném stisknutí klávesy Windows a některé šipky je možné aplikaci přichytit také k horní nebo dolní polovině obrazovky. Pokud se okno přichytí k polovině obrazovky, otevře se navíc asistent přichytávání, který zobrazí výběr ostatních aplikací k přichycení do volného prostoru.

    Notifikační centrum[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Notifikační centrum se poprvé objevilo v sestavení 9860. Je určeno pouze pro práci s notifikacemi, nenabízí tedy žádné rychlé nastavení. Spouští se pomocí nové ikony v oznamovací oblasti Hlavního panelu.

    Ostatní[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Další zajímavou funkcí je nastavení barvy motivu na automatickou. V tomto případě je tato barva vždy určena barvou pozadí. Vylepšen byl také příkazový řádek, který nyní podporuje klávesové zkratky. Navíc při ovládání myší nejde aktivovat panel Charm; jeho funkci nyní obstarává nové tlačítko v horní liště spuštěných aplikací. Mnoho změn se událo také ve verzi pro firmy, které mohou například lépe oddělovat firemní data od dat osobních.

    Podrobnější informace naleznete v článku Windows 10 (historie verzí).

    Windows 10 jsou poskytovány v režimu software as a service. Zatím vyšly dvě velké revize systému („November update“, „Anniversary update“) a je očekávána třetí revize „Creators update“. Pro geeky a vývojáře je k dispozici beta verze z kanálu Windows Insider (dříve „Windows Technical Preview“), kde nové verze vycházejí častěji.

    Windows 10 (verze 10240)[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Vydání původní verze Windows 10 (build 10240, RTM) bylo nejprve 15. července 2015 pro omezený okruh uživatelů (Windows Insiders). Enterprise verze byla uvolněna 1. srpna 2015.

    Windows 10 November update (Threshold 2, verze 1511)[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Velká listopadová aktualizace 2015 s kódovým označením Threshold 2. Jedná se o obdobu dřívějších Service Packů a tak je pro všechny majitele zařízení s Windows 10 zdarma. K oficiálnímu uvolnění došlo 5. 11. 2015.

    Oficiální označení této aktualizace je Windows 10 verze 1511.

    Novinky[editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Nové grafické rozhraní nabídky Start a možností dolní lišty
    • Mírně upravený vzhled a funkčnost kontextových nabídek
    • Nové ikony
    • Včlenění aplikace Skype
    Vylepšení[editovat | editovat zdroj]
    Opravy[editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Oprava chyby omezující výkon. Zvýšení výkonu systému o 30%

    Windows 10 Anniversary update (Redstone 1, verze 1607)[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Windows 10 Anniversary update (výroční aktualizace) s kódovým označením Redstone 1 je pro všechna zařízení s Windows 10 dostupná zdarma. K oficiálnímu vypuštění došlo až 2. srpna 2016, což bylo čtyři dny po ročním výročí oficiálního vypuštění Windows 10. Oficiální označení této aktualizace je Windows 10 verze 1607.

    Novinky[editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Tmavý režim prostředí – díky tomuto nastavení se do tmavého režimu mohou přepnout i další aplikace z Windows Store, které ho podporují
    • Přidán nástroj Desktop App Converter, který umožňuje lehce převádět staré aplikace v nové univerzální.
    • Možnost synchronizace notifikací z mobilu s počítačem (i Android)
    • Nová možnost aktivace systému – digitální licence propojená s účtem Microsoft[12]
    • Nové ikony v aplikaci Nastavení
    • Možnost spustit textový Linux přímo v systému Windows
    • Edge umí Windows Hello
    • Ovládání hudby na uzamčené obrazovce
    • Nová klávesnice s emotikony
    Vylepšení[editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Rozšíření podpory stylusů integrované přímo v OS (Windows Ink)
    • Webový prohlížeč Edge podporuje doplňky
    • Vylepšené Centrum akcí
    • Změna vzhledu nabídky Start
    • Vylepšení aktivních dlaždic
    • Změna vzhledu zamykací obrazovky
    Opravy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Windows 10 Creators update (Redstone 2, verze 1703)[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Čtvrté sestavení Windows 10 (oficiálně pojmenované jako Creator's Update, kódové jméno Redstone 2, RS2) byl oficiálně oznámen 26. října 2016.[13] Má se primárně zaměřovat na vytváření obsahu, produktivitu a rozšířenou podporu her se zaměřením na virtuální a rozšířenou realitu (včetně HoloLens a headsetů pro virtuální realitu) a zjednodušení vytváření třídemenzionálního obsahu.

    K oficiálnímu vypuštění došlo 11. dubna 2017 a je pro všechny majitele Windows 10 zdarma.

    Novinky[14][editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Malování 3D
    • Centrum zabezpečení v programu Windows Defender
    • Možnost vytvářet složky v nabídce Start (přetažením dlaždice na dlaždici)
    • Nová rozložení nabídky Start
    • Game mode
    • Redukce modrého světla
    • Motivy
    • Automatické uzamknutí zařízení
    • Instalační program pro čistou instalaci
    Vylepšení[14][editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Vzhledu a Nastavení - nové sekce nastavení
    • Edge - doplňky, vzhled, funkce
    • Aktualizace - odložit je můžete až na 35 dní; doba, po kterou se počítač kvůli nainstalování důležitých aktualizací nerestartuje byla prodloužena na 18 hodin
    • Snížení objemu dat aktualizací
    Další novinky menšího charakteru[14][editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Pole pro zadání PINu lze vyplnit, i když je numerický blok vypnutý.
    • Po upgradech už nebudou obnoveny základní aplikace od Microsoftu, které jste odebrali.
    • Video lze přehrávat v samostatném okně (tj. režim PiP).
    • Ve Startu lze vytvářet složky.
    • V menší verzi Startu lze skrýt postranní lištu se všemi aplikacemi.
    • Nabídka pro sdílení byla přepracována.
    • Oznámení mohou být bohatší.
    • Windows Store zobrazuje rychlost stahování. V Centru akcí uvidíte průběh stahování.
    • Windows umí automaticky čistit nepoužívané soubory a vysypávat koš.
    • Na sestavách s více než 3,5 GB operační paměti je zobrazeno více procesů než dřív.
    • Do systému byla integrována možnost přeinstalovat Windows s tím, že půjde o čistou instalaci bez bloatwaru, který mohl výrobce počítače přibalit k vaší instalaci Windows.
    • Creators Update plně podporuje tzv. precision touchpady i s multidotekovými gesty. Budou také vyžadovány v nových zařízeních.
    • K dispozici je i virtuální touchpad.
    • Editor registru dostal do vínku adresní řádek.
    • Další dávka novinek pro lepší škálování desktopu.
    • Pošta je připnutá ke hlavnímu panelu.
    • Spoustu novinek najdete v aplikacích.
    • Řada vylepšení je určena pro handicapované uživatelky a uživatele.
    • Creators Update též dává více prostoru reklamám v systému.

    Windows 10 Fall Creators Update (Redstone 3, verze 1709)[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    Páte sestavení Windows 10 (oficiálně pojmenováno jako Fall Creators Update) bylo oficiálně oznámeno 11. května 2017. Mělo by přinést funkce, které Microsoft nestihl do Creators Update a současně přinést nový tzv. Fluent Design System s cílem sjednotit většinu prvků systému.

    Novinky[15][editovat | editovat zdroj]
    • Nový design
    • Zástupci online souborů na OneDrive v Průzkumníkovi
    • Synchronizovaná schránka
    • Navažte, kde jste začali
    • Story Remix
    • Nový Průzkumník?

    Operační systém Windows 10 je často kritizován za přednastavení umožňující automaticky stahovat a sdílet osobní data a to včetně hesel na Wi-Fi.[16]

    Reference[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    1. ↑ a b Hello World: Windows 10 Available on July 29 [online]. June 1, 2015 [cit. 2015-06-01]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) Je zde použita šablona {{Cite web}} označená jako pro "pouze dočasné použití".
    2. ↑ Windows 10 update history (anglicky)
    3. ↑ Přehled informací o životním cyklu Windows [online]. Microsoft [cit. 2015-08-08]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) Je zde použita šablona {{Cite web}} označená jako pro "pouze dočasné použití".
    4. ↑ Upgrade to Windows 10: FAQ [online]. Microsoft [cit. 2016-05-18]. Dostupné online. (angličtina) 
    5. ↑ RIGBY, Bill. Microsoft names next operating system 'Windows 10' [online]. Thomson Reuters, September 30, 2014. Dostupné online. (anglicky) Je zde použita šablona {{Cite web}} označená jako pro "pouze dočasné použití".
    6. ↑ BORT, Julie. Microsoft's New Windows Marketing Boss Explains What Happened to Windows 9 [online]. October 13, 2014. Dostupné online. (anglicky) Je zde použita šablona {{Cite web}} označená jako pro "pouze dočasné použití".
    7. ↑ https://www.extremetech.com/computing/191279-why-is-it-called-windows-10-not-windows-9
    8. ↑ http://www.pcworld.com/article/2690724/why-windows-10-isnt-named-9-windows-95-legacy-code.html
    9. ↑ Windows 10 Minimum Hardware Requirements for PC, thurrott.com (anglicky)
    10. ↑ Edice Windows 10 zive.cz
    11. ↑ http://technet.idnes.cz/windows-10-vyrocni-update-anniversary-update-f3l-/software.aspx?c=A160729_115432_software_vse
    12. ↑ https://support.microsoft.com/cs-cz/help/12440/windows-10-activation
    13. ↑ MYERSON, Terry. Empowering a new wave of creativity with the Windows 10 Creators Update and Surface Studio [online]. Microsoft, October 26, 2016. Dostupné online. (anglicky) Je zde použita šablona {{Cite web}} označená jako pro "pouze dočasné použití".
    14. ↑ a b c URBAN, Petr. Velký přehled novinek ve Windows 10 Creators Update. Zlepšuje Edge, polidšťuje aktualizace a dotahuje šrouby - Cnews.cz. Cnews.cz. 2017-04-10 Dostupné online [cit. 2017-05-13]. (česky) 
    15. ↑ Windows 10 dostanou v září druhý Creators Update: jaké přinese novinky? (přehled). SMARTmania.cz. 2017-05-11 Dostupné online [cit. 2017-05-13]. (česky) 
    16. ↑ Windows 10 violates your privacy by default, here's how you can protect yourself

    Externí odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

    cs.wikipedia.org

    Windows 10 - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    This page is about Windows 10 for PCs. For Windows 10 on smartphones, see Windows 10 Mobile. "Windows 9" redirects here. For the older type of operating system, see Windows 9x.
    This article has many issues. Please help fix them or discuss these issues on the talk page.
    This article does not have any sources. You can help Wikipedia by finding good sources, and adding them. (July 2015)

    Windows 10 is a computer operating system by Microsoft as part of its Windows family of operating systems. It was known as Threshold when it was being developed and announced at a press event on 30 September 2014. It came out for PCs on July 29, 2015. Beginning on that day, Windows 10 was available as a free upgrade for users running Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 for one year.

    Windows 10 is designed to provide a common, "universal" user interface between desktop, laptop, and all-in-one PCs, tablet computers, smartphones, and embedded systems such as its Xbox game console. Many of its features have been added based upon feedback from users, who are testing the software before it is released. It is being designed under the software as a service principle, in which the software will receive updates on a frequent basis throughout its life span.

    Feature Present in Windows 8.1 Present in Windows 7 Remarks/Improvements
    Return of the Start Menu No Yes It is a mix of Windows 8's Start Screen with Live Tiles and Windows 7. Basically, combines both into one. This was done due to popular criticism of Windows 8's removal of the Start Menu.
    Multiple desktops No No This feature allows user to 'create' multiple desktops in Windows. This feature was present in Ubuntu and OS X before.
    Tablet Mode No No On multi mode devices like Microsoft's Surface Pro 3, when a user detaches the keyboard, it changes into a touch-friendly mode and the reverse happens when it is reattached.
    Cortana No No A personal digital voice assistance first debuted in Windows Phone 8.1.
    DirectX 12 ver 11 ver 11 DirectX updated to version 12. Makes it faster on games.
    • September 30, 2014 – Windows 10 was officially announced.

    2015[change | change source]

    • January 21 – Microsoft announced that most of the devices currently running at least Windows 7 SP1 will get a free upgrade to Windows 10 if it is done within the first year.
    • February 2 – Microsoft announced a free version of Windows 10 for Raspberry Pi 2.
    • April 2 – New Office 2016 for Touch preview launched for Windows 10.
    • March 18 – The 5th official update to Windows 10 (Build 10041) since the first was introduced.
    • March 30 – The 6th official update to Windows 10 (Build 10049) was introduced.
    • July 15 - Released to manufacturing
    • July 29 - General availability
    • November 12 - November 2015 Update

    2016[change | change source]

    • August 2 - Anniversary Update

    Windows 10 has many versions for different uses, that have different features.[1]

    • Windows 10 Home is meant for home use. It can be used on desktop, laptop, tablet, and 2-in-1 (mix of tablet and laptop) computers.
    • Windows 10 Pro is meant more for businesses. It adds features on top of Windows 10 Home.
    • Windows 10 Enterprise is meant for use in IT. It adds features on top of Windows 10 Pro.
    • Windows 10 Education is meant for use in schools, colleges and universities. It is the same as Windows 10 Enterprise, but it doesn't include Cortana.

    simple.wikipedia.org

    Windows 10 - Wikipedia

    Dit artikel gaat over het besturingssysteem voor personal computers. Voor het gerelateerde besturingssysteem voor mobiele apparaten, zie Windows 10 Mobile.

    Windows 10 is een besturingssysteem voor personal computers ontwikkeld en uitgebracht door Microsoft als onderdeel van de besturingssysteemfamilie Windows NT. Het werd uitgebracht op 29 juli 2015. Het is de eerste versie van Windows waar voortdurend feature-updates voor worden uitgebracht. Apparaten in bedrijfsomgevingen kunnen deze updates in een langzamer tempo ontvangen of alleen kritieke updates ontvangen, zoals beveiligingspatches, gedurende de tienjarige levensduur van uitgebreide ondersteuning.

    Windows 10 introduceert wat Microsoft omschrijft als "universele apps", als uitbreiding op metrostijl-apps. Deze apps kunnen zo ontworpen worden dat ze werken op verschillende productfamilies van Microsoft (waaronder pc's, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub en Mixed Reality) met bijna identieke code. De gebruikersomgeving van Windows werd herzien zodat deze geoptimaliseerd werd voor zowel de muis als touchscreens op basis van beschikbare invoerapparaten, met name op 2-in-1-pc's. Beide omgevingen bevatten een bijgewerkt startmenu waarin elementen van het traditionele startmenu van Windows 7 met de tegels van Windows 8 zijn verweven. De eerste release van Windows 10 introduceert ook een virtueel bureaubladsysteem, een functie voor venster- en bureaubladbeheer met de naam Taakweergave, de webbrowser Microsoft Edge, ondersteuning voor inloggen door middel van vingerafdrukherkenning en gezichtsherkenning, nieuwe beveiligingsfuncties voor bedrijfsomgevingen en DirectX 12 en WDDM 2.0 om de grafische mogelijkheden van het besturingssysteem te verbeteren voor spellen.

    Ontwikkelingsgeschiedenis[bewerken]

    Versieoverzicht[bewerken]

    Legenda
    Ondersteund Niet meer ondersteund Ondersteunde testversie Toekomstige versie Verouderde testversie
    Versies van Windows 10 Versie Datum Hoofdpunten 10.0.10240Versie 1507Threshold 1[1][2] 10.0.10586Versie 1511Threshold 2[3] 10.0.14393Versie 1607Redstone 1[4] 10.0.15063Versie 1703Redstone 2[5]
    15 juli 2015
    12 november 2015
    • Nieuwe kleurenopties
    • Nieuwe opties voor start
    • Verbeterd geheugenbeheer
    • Verbeterde multitaskopties voor tabletmodus en desktopmodus
    • Verdere verbetering in de ondersteuning van standaarden in Edge en uitbreiding van functionaliteit met onder andere synchronisatie en tab previews
    • Consistentere gebruikersinterface
    • Ondersteuning voor het gebruik van Hyper-V-machines in Hyper-V-machines
    • Activatie door middel van Windows 7-, 8- en 8.1-licenties
    2 augustus 2016
    • Verbetering aan OneCore (de Windowskernel)
    • Donker- en lichtmodus voor de UWP-interface
    • EdgeHTML 14, ondersteuning voor extensies, tabbladen vastmaken, verbeterd favorieten- en downloadbeheer in Microsoft Edge
    • Windows Ink
    • Snelle toegang tot muziekdetectie, verbeterde herinneringen, nieuwe regio's en talen in Cortana
    • Vernieuwde Kaartenapp met nieuwe interface en diverse nieuwe functies
    • Verbeterd Actiecentrum met betere notificaties
    • Nieuw vergrendel- en loginscherm met Cortana
    • Universele Skype-app
    • Verschillende nieuwe instellingen in Instellingen-app zoals taakbalkinstellingen
    • Hyper-V containers
    • Ubuntu-Bash voor Windows
    11 april 2017
    • De Verkenner toont nu tips over nieuwe functies in Windows 10

    Ondersteuningsoverzicht[bewerken]

    Versie Begin Einde Insider Preview Current Branch Current Branch for Business Long-Term Support Branch Current Branch Current Branch for Business Extended Support Long-Term Support Branch 1507 1511 1607 1703 1709 1803
    1 oktober 2014 29 Juli 2015[6] 12 januari 2016 14 maart 2017 9 mei 2017[7][8] 14 oktober 2025[9]
    18 augustus 2015 12 november 2015[10] 8 april 2016 Geen LTSB-versie 13 september 2016 10 oktober 2017[7] 10 april 2018[11] Geen LTSB-versie
    16 december 2015 2 augustus 2016[12] 29 november 2016 1 oktober 2016 10 april 2018[7] 9 oktober 2018[11] 13 oktober 2026[9]
    11 augustus 2016 5 april 2017[13] 27 juli 2017 Geen LTSB-versie 9 oktober 2018[7] 9 april 2019[11] Geen LTSB-versie
    7 april 2017 17 oktober 2017[14] 18 januari 2018 9 april 2019[7] 8 oktober 2019[11]
    26 juli 2017 april 2018 juli 2018 Te bepalen 8 oktober 2019 april 2020 Te bepalen

    Aankondiging[bewerken]

    De ontwikkeling van Windows Threshold is gestart vlak na de voltooiing van Windows 8 en gelijktijdig met de ontwikkeling van Windows 8.1.[15] Met de update zou er een stap worden terug gedaan van de Windows 8-visie door het startscherm optioneel te maken. Tijdens Build 2014 kondigde Microsoft enkele functies van "de volgende iteratie van Windows" aan, waaronder de terugkeer van het startmenu en de mogelijkheid om Modern UI-apps te draaien binnen het bureaublad.

    Windows Threshold werd officieel aangekondigd op 30 september 2014 als Windows 10. Terry Myerson zei dat de volgende iteratie van Windows een threshold ("drempel") is voor Windows en het daarom niet juist zou zijn om het gewoon "Windows 9" te noemen. Ook grapte hij over de naam "Windows One", maar dat deze niet gebruikt kon worden vanwege Windows 1.0. Windows 10 werd aangekondigd als een logisch vervolg op zowel Windows 7 als Windows 8 met focus op zowel muis en toetsenbord als touch.

    Naam[bewerken]

    Het overslaan van Windows 9 gebeurde uit ideologische en technische redenen. Veel oude software gebruikt namelijk de naam van de Windows-versie om te controleren of het al dan niet werkt.[16] Software die zoekt op "windows 9" verwacht echter niet Windows 9, maar Windows 95 of Windows 98. Dit leverde in vroege tests met Windows 9 compatibiliteitsproblemen op. Daar komt bij dat Windows 9 niet bij de Win9x-serie hoort, maar toebehoort aan de Windows NT-serie. Daarom besloot Microsoft Windows 10 als versienaam en als systeemnaam NT 10.0 te geven.

    Windows 10 "Threshold 1"[bewerken]

    Technical Preview[bewerken]

    De Windows Technical Preview werd aangekondigd op 30 september 2014, en vrijgegeven op 1 oktober 2014 als eerste preview voor Windows 10. Deze versie bevat het nieuwe startmenu en verbeterde startscherm. Ook de mogelijkheid om Modern UI-apps in de desktop te draaien is beschikbaar in deze update. Ook is er een nieuwe Task view. Verder zijn er nog andere verbeteringen doorgevoerd voor multitasking en werd de opdrachtprompt verbeterd. De preview zou regelmatig bijgewerkt worden met nieuwe updates. Op 13 oktober 2014 kondigde Joe Belfiore aan dat er meer dan 1 miljoen registraties voor Windows Insider waren en meer dan 200.000 feedbackberichten.

    Op 20 oktober 2014 gaf Microsoft een tweede build uit, build 9860. Deze versie van Windows introduceerde het actiecentrum. Verder werd de Instellingen-app voorzien van nieuwe pagina's. Ook werd er ondersteuning toegevoegd voor verschillende mediaformaten en -containers, waaronder mkv. De update bracht ook een nieuw uiterlijk voor de vensters van WinRT-apps. Op 12 oktober gaf Microsoft build 9879 vrij, die verschillende opmerkingen van testers aanpakte. Zo werd het mogelijk om de zoek- en Task View-knop te verbergen. OneDrive gebruikte voortaan ook selective sync. Verder werd de Insider Hub geïntroduceerd, werd het uiterlijk van de vensters van WinRT-apps opnieuw veranderd en werd de ondersteuning voor de mkv-container verbeterd. Ten slotte maakte EdgeHTML zijn intreden in Internet Explorer als de nieuwe engine ter vervanging van Trident.

    Technical Preview 2[bewerken]

    Op 2 december lekte build 9888 van de Windows 10 uit. Op 14 december volgde build 9901. Microsoft heeft tijdens een evenement op 21 januari 2015 aangekondigd dat een nieuwe build zal worden vrijgegeven voor Windows Insiders in de dagen die volgen op het evenement. De nieuwe build is enkel bedoeld voor x86-apparaten. Build 9926 werd vrijgegeven op 23 januari 2015. Voor ARM-toestellen, zoals Windows Phone-toestellen, zou een update worden vrijgegeven in februari 2015. De nieuwe build bevat onder andere verschillende nieuwe "Universal Apps" (universele apps), die draaien op alle versies van Windows 10 voor zowel computers, tablets, smartphones als de Xbox. Ook zijn verschillende apps bijgewerkt. Ook is Cortana ingebouwd in de update, Continuum, een hybride van het startscherm en startmenu en het volledig vernieuwd Action Center. Instellingen en het Configuratiescherm zijn tot een enkele interface samengevoegd. Verder zijn er ook nog verschillende visuele wijzigingen doorgevoerd. De nieuwe versie maakt Windows geschikt voor nieuwe apparaten zoals de Microsoft Surface Hub en Microsoft HoloLens.

    Op 18 maart 2015 gaf Microsoft de vijfde Preview vrij in de vorm van build 10041. Op 14 maart lekte build 10036 uit die al enkele van de aanpassingen bevatte. Build 10041 bevat onder andere een vernieuwd vergrendel- en inlogscherm. Ook zijn er enkele visuele updates doorgevoerd aan de taakbalk en start, en is meer van de functionaliteit van het oude startscherm hersteld in het nieuwe XAML-gebaseerd menu uit de voorgaande preview. Ook heeft Internet Explorer 11 opnieuw een update gekregen. Cortana is nu ook beschikbaar voor dezelfde markten als op Windows Phone 8.1, waar dat in de vorige versie enkel voor de Verenigde Staten was. Verschillende apps zijn ook bijgewerkt met nieuwe functionaliteit of andere verbeteringen. Op 31 maart 2015 gaf Microsoft build 10049 vrij als de zesde Preview, die enkel en alleen op Project Spartan focust, al brengt het ook een bijgewerkt Rekenmachine en Alarmen & klokken-app met zich mee. Dit is de eerste build van Windows waar Internet Explorer niet de standaardbrowser is sinds Windows 98.

    De zesde preview werd door Microsoft vrijgegeven op 31 maart 2015 als build 10049. De build bevatte slechts enkele verschillen met de voorgaande preview omdat de focus volledig lag op het introduceren van Project Spartan (Microsoft Edge) in deze update. Behalve de introductie van Project Spartan werden ook verschillende apps voorzien van een update en werd het systeemvak van de taakbalk ook voorzien van nieuwe vensters. Op 23 april 2015 gaf Microsoft de zevende Preview vrij. Build 10061 komt met een nieuwe interface voor de desktop en verschillende verbeteringen aan het startmenu, Task View, het Action Center en verschillende andere onderdelen van de interface. Project Spartan werd bijgewerkt naar versie 0.11. Ook de Tablet Mode werd op verschillende vlakken verbeterd. Verder bevat deze build volledig vernieuwde versies van Mail, Kalender en de meeste MSN-apps.

    Insider Preview[bewerken]

    De Windows 10 Insider Preview is de 3de mijlpaal in de ontwikkeling van Windows 10. Build 10074 draagt als eerste build deze naam. De build bevatte enkele vernieuwingen aan het startmenu en de algemene interface. Zo kreeg de zoekbalk een verbeterde interface en werd Cortana geïntegreerd met het startmenu. Ook is het voortaan weer mogelijk om de tegels statisch te maken. Ook de Instellingen-app is verder uitgebreid en verschillende instellingen zijn uit het Configuratiescherm gehaald. Ook werden de oude geluiden vervangen door nieuwe.

    Microsoft kondigde build 10074 met de nieuwe naam aan op Microsoft Build 2015, maar toonde ook een build die onder andere nog meer aanpassingen aan het startmenu doorvoert en verschillende verbeteringen aan de tabletmodus en verdere aanpassingen bevat aan de interface en apps die geleverd worden met Windows 10. Op 20 mei 2015 kondigde Microsoft aan build 10122 te gaan verspreiden met "verschillende verbeteringen". Dezelfde dag werd de build beschikbaar gesteld aan Windows Insiders. Build 10122 bracht een verbeterd startmenu voor tablets. Ook Cortana werd onder handen genomen. Verder werden verschillende apps gewijzigd, verwijderd en toegevoegd. Ten slotte kreeg Microsoft Edge een update met verschillende nieuwe features. Op 29 mei 2015 werd build 10130 uitgerold naar Windows Insiders, met verdere kleine wijzigingen in onder andere het startmenu en bugfixes. Een maand later, op 29 juni, werd build 10158 met meer stabiliteit uitgerold naar Windows Insiders en een dag later werd build 10159 ook aangekondigd. Vanaf 2 juli werd build 10162 aangeboden en op 9 juli 2015 build 10166.

    Release[bewerken]

    De RTM-versie van Windows 10 wordt vrijgegeven op 29 juli 2015. Computers draaiende op Windows 7/8.1 die zich hebben opgegeven voor het reserveren van Windows 10 zullen de update al eerder binnenhalen, maar kunnen Windows 10 pas installeren vanaf 29 juli 2015. Microsoft gaf build 10240 vrij als de eerste publieke kandidaat op 15 juli 2015 aan Windows Insiders. De build is afkomstig uit de zogenaamde "th2"-branch, wat staat voor "Threshold 1".

    In tegenstelling tot vorige versies van Windows zal upgraden van de Previews naar de RTM-versie van Windows 10 zonder instellingen, programma's en bestanden te verliezen wel mogelijk zijn. Hoewel Windows 8.1 instellingen en bestanden kon overzetten via synchronisatie met OneDrive, kan Windows 10 dit volledig zelfstandig zonder tussenkomst van de dienst. Dat dit mogelijk is komt door het nieuwe updatesysteem in Windows, dat ook wordt gebruikt om te upgraden van de ene preview naar de ander.

    De uiteindelijke consumentenversie van Windows 10 wordt gefaseerd vrijgegeven sinds 29 juli 2015, eerst naar de Windows Insiders, vervolgens als update naar overige gebruikers die oudere Windows-versies gebruiken en aan mensen die losse licenties willen kopen. Doorgaans wordt de tijd voor de vrijgave nog gebruikt om problemen in de RTM op te lossen, met als gevolg dat bij de lancering een "Roll Up" beschikbaar is. Bij Windows 8.1 bevatte die update ook enkele kleine wijzigingen in de mogelijkheden van Windows. Het zal voor het eerste jaar na lancering een gratis update zijn voor alle legale gebruikers van Windows 7 Service Pack 1 en Windows 8.1 Update. Zodra deze gebruikers upgraden, krijgen ze ook recht op de ondersteuning die Microsoft voor Windows 10 zal bieden. Bij de lancering werd Windows 10 vrijgegeven in 190 landen in 111 talen.

    Windows 10 November Update "Threshold 2"[bewerken]

    Insider Preview[bewerken]

    Op 18 augustus 2015 startte Microsoft het Windows Insider Program opnieuw op in de aanloop naar de herfstupdate voor Windows 10, onder de codenaam Threshold 2. Microsoft gaf build 10525 vrij aan Insiders. Deze build bracht onder andere een verbeterd geheugengebruik, nieuwe opties voor kleuren en een update aan Microsoft Edge. Op 27 augustus volgde de tweede Insider Preview voor Threshold 2. Deze update bevatte onder andere verbeteringen aan de interface, verdere uitbreiding van de ondersteuning van standaarden in Edge en een optie om feedback te delen met andere vanuit de Windows Feedback-app.

    Op 18 september 2015 gaf Microsoft build 10547 uit.[17] Deze bevatte enkele cosmetische veranderingen, zo werden verschillende pictogrammen vervangen met nieuwe pictogrammen in de Windows 10-stijl en kregen dropdownmenu's een nieuw ontwerp. En werden lichte contextmenu's getoond met een lichtgrijze achtergrond in plaats van wit. Ook werden enkele nieuwe privacyinstellingen toegevoegd aan de Instellingen-app, die ook enkele visuele updates kreeg, onder andere het gebruik van meer pictogrammen. Verder kan er nu gekozen worden op meer tegels te tonen in het startmenu. Ook werd Windows Sportlight voor Pro-gebruikers opnieuw beschikbaar gemaakt. Tabletgebruikers kunnen voortaan apps snappen vanuit de taakweergave. Ten slotte werd Microsoft Edge bijgewerkt naar versie 21.10547 met EdgeHTML versie 13.10547. Die bevat onder andere verbeterde ondersteuning voor HTML5, CSS3 en ECMAScript.

    Op 12 oktober 2015 gaf Microsoft build 10565 vrij van Windows 10. Deze build bracht verschillende verbeteringen aan Microsoft Edge met zich mee, zoals synchronisatie van favorieten en de leeslijst, maar ook tabpreviews. Verder functioneert de achtergrondkleur van titelbalken nu meer zoals dat het geval is in Windows 8.1. Cortana werd voorzien van verbeteringen, waaronder het begrijpen van handgeschreven notities. Ook werd er verder gewerkt aan de interface: contextmenu's werden voorzien van een update en ook verschillende pictogrammen werden bijgewerkt naar de Windows 10-stijl. Ten slotte bevatte deze update ook de mogelijkheid om Windows 10 te activeren met licenties van Windows 7, Windows 8 of Windows 8.1. Microsoft voegde ook een extra versienummer toe aan Windows. Voor de November Update is dit versie 1511, wat staat voor "november 2015".

    Op 29 oktober 2015 gaf Microsoft build 10576 vrij. Deze bevatte een update voor Edge waarmee media gecast kunnen worden naar andere apparaten en Cortana ook gebruikt kan worden tijdens het lezen van pdf's. Verder verbeterde deze update de implementatie van Hyper-V-ondersteuning in Hyper-V-machines. Wanneer gebruikers de standaard-apps wijzigen, krijgen ze nu ook een melding te zien met de vraag om alsnog de standaard-apps te gebruiken die bij Windows 10 worden geleverd. Verder bevat build 10576 vooral verbeteringen op stabiliteit. 10576 bevat ook enkele fundamentele wijzigingen in de manier waarop Windows wordt voorzien van een versienummer. Zo is het niet meer vereist dat builds voor het publiek deelbaar zijn door 16. Dit was een maatregel die was ingevoerd ten tijde van Windows Vista, zodat het nummer verhoogd kon worden met ieder Service Pack. Dit was echter niet meer nodig nadat Microsoft Service Packs afschafte na de release van Windows 7 SP1. Ook moet de eerste versie die op het publiek gericht is ook niet meer als deltanummer 16384 hebben, ook een maatregel die ingevoerd was in Windows Vista.

    Release[bewerken]

    Op 5 november rolde Microsoft build 10586 uit naar Windows Insiders. Deze build bevatte enkel kwaliteitsverbeteringen. De build werd later uitgerold naar Windows Insiders in de Slow Ring op 9 november 2015 en uiteindelijk begon op 12 november 2015 de uitrol van de eerste grote update voor Windows 10 naar de Current Branch. Deze update werd beschikbaar gemaakt voor Windows 10-gebruikers en gebruikers van Windows 7, 8 en 8.1 kunnen de update installeren als deel van de Windows 10-upgrade.

    Windows 10 Anniversary Update "Redstone 1"[bewerken]

    Microsoft plant om in 2016 een grote updates voor Windows 10 vrij te geven onder de codenaam Redstone 1.[18] Na de uitgave van de Windows 10 November Update begon Microsoft via een update Windows Insiders over te zetten van de branch "th3_release" (th3 staat voor Threshold 2) naar de branch "rs1_release" (rs1 staat voor Redstone 1) ter voorbereiding van het Windows Insider Program voor de update.[19] Microsoft kondigde de update officieel aan op Build 2016 als de Windows 10 Anniversary Update.

    Insider Preview[bewerken]

    De eerste preview voor Redstone werd vrijgegeven op 16 december 2015. De update bracht voornamelijk verbeteringen aan de stabiliteit van Windows. De OneCore (de gedeelde kernel voor alle versies van Windows) werd voorzien van verschillende aanpassingen. Edge herintroduceerde experimentele ondersteuning voor videocompressieformaat VP9. Op 21 januari 2016 gaf Microsoft de derde Redstonebuild vrij in de vorm van build 11102. De build legde opnieuw de nadruk op OneCore, maar bracht ook een veelgevraagde functie naar Edge: een contextmenu op de terug- en volgende-knop. Op 27 januari 2016 volgde een vierde build met nummer 14251. Deze build bevat enkele herstellingen voor bugs en fundamenteel werk voor nieuwe functies. Ook besliste Microsoft om het buildnummer van Windows en Windows 10 Mobile gelijk te trekken, waardoor het buildnummer veel hoger is dan voorgaande updates. Op 3 februari 2016 gaf Microsoft build 14257 vrij welke opnieuw voornamelijk de focus legde op fundamenteel werk voor nieuwe functionaliteit.

    Op 18 februari 2016 gaf Microsoft build 14267 vrij. Cortana bevat nu een knop om snelle toegang te verlenen tot de muziekdetectie. Verder werd Microsoft Edge voorzien van versie 14 van EdgeHTML, werd het download- en favorietenbeheer verbeterd en werden er verschillende vlaggen toegevoegd voor experimentele functionaliteit. Op 24 februari volgde build 14271. Deze build bevatte voornamelijk bugfixes, maar ook werden er enkele verbeteringen doorgevoerd aan het Actiecentrum. Op 4 maart 2016 gaf Microsoft build 14279 vrij, waarbij Cortana uitgebreid werd met ondersteuning voor Braziliaans-Portugees, Canadees-Frans en Mexicaans-Spaans. Verder werd het vergrendelscherm en inlogscherm vernieuwd.

    Op 18 maart bracht Microsoft build 14291 uit van Windows 10. Edge werd in deze build voorzien van ondersteuning voor extensies. Ook kunnen gebruikers voortaan tabbladen vastmaken. Ook werden er verschillende verbeteringen doorgevoerd voor ingeven van data in het Japans. Ook voorzag Microsoft de Windows Kaarten-app van een nieuwe interface en verschillende nieuwe functies. Op 25 maart volgde build 14295, die uitsluitend gericht was op het herstellen van enkele problemen.

    Op 6 april 2016 bracht Microsoft build 14316 uit met verschillende nieuwe wijzigingen. Enkele nieuwe functies die eerder werden aangekondigd op Build werden meegenomen in deze update: onder andere de Ubuntu-Bash voor Windows werd geïntroduceerd en ook werden de eerste reeks wijzigingen gemaakt aan het Actiecentrum. Zo kan de gebruiker voortaan de prioriteit van apps kiezen en het aantal notificaties dat een app mag tonen. Ook werd een functie geïntroduceerd om te schakelen tussen een donkere en lichte interface zoals al eerder was te vinden in Windows Phone. Edge werd verder bijgewerkt met een vernieuwde favorietenhub, verschillende nieuwe instellingen en de eerste grote update voor EdgeHTML 14, met nieuwe functies zoals Webnotificaties en kleureninput. De instellingen-app werd voorzien van een nieuwe startpagina en er werden verschillende nieuwe opties toegevoegd met betrekking tot personalisatie, apps, ontwikkelaars en Windows Update. Verder werd ook de Connect-app toegevoegd om gebruik te maken van Continuum for Phones op een Windows 10-machine en werd de volledige emoji-set van Windows vernieuwd en uitgebreid met nieuwe emoji's.

    Op 22 april 2016 gaf Microsoft build 14328 vrij voor desktopgebruikers. De update bevatte opnieuw verschillende functies die aangekondigd werden op Build 2016. Zo bevat de build Windows Ink, een nieuwe interface speciaal voor gebruik met een pen. Universal Windows Platform Apps kunnen integreren met Ink om zelf een canvas te bieden om te schrijven. Ook werd het startmenu voorzien van een verbeterde interface. Het startscherm toont de Alle apps-lijst voortaan over het volledige scherm. Ook kunnen tabletgebruikers kiezen om de taakbalk te verbergen in tablet-modus. Het vergrendelscherm kreeg enkele visuele wijzigingen en kan voortaan ook direct toegang bieden tot Microsoft Cortana. Het Actiecentrum biedt voortaan ondersteuning voor notificaties met afbeeldingen. Op 26 april gaf Microsoft build 14332 vrij. Deze update moest vooral verschillende problemen oplossen, maar bevatte ook een verbeterde Command Prompt en Office 365-integratie in Cortana.

    Op 10 mei rolde Microsoft per ongeluk build 14342 uit. Deze build was origineel bedoeld voor een uitrol op 11 mei. De nieuwe versie bevatte een verbeterde versie van Edge. Ook werd de Instellingenapp voorzien van verscheidene updates. De Windows Store kan voortaan extensies aanbieden voor apps, zoals Microsoft Edge. De interface werd ook op verschillende vlakken verbeterd zoals in het Actiecentrum en UAC. Verder bevatte de update verschillende oplossingen voor problemen in eerdere versies. Op 26 mei gaf Microsoft build 14352 vrij. Deze bevat verschillende verbeteringen aan Windows Ink. De Pro- versie kan nu ook worden geüpgraded naar de Enterpriseversie zonder opnieuw te moeten opstarten en Windows Update kan accountmigratie na het upgraden van de ene build naar de andere nu optioneel zelf afhandelen. Op 8 juni volgde build 14361, opnieuw werd Windows Ink voorzien van verschillende kleine verbeteringen en kregen het Actiecentrum en de Instellingen-app een visuele update.

    Builds die gelanceerd werden sinds 14 juni - waaronder 14366, 14367, 14371, 14372, 14376, 14379, 14383, 14385 en 14388 - bevatten geen nieuwe functionaliteit maar focussen op verbeterde stabiliteit en betrouwbaarheid. Op 15 juli bracht Microsoft build 14390 uit.

    Release[bewerken]

    Op 29 juni 2016 kondigde Microsoft aan dat de Anniversary Update beschikbaar zal zijn voor Windows 10-gebruikers op 2 augustus 2016 nadat de update al werd uitgerold naar Windows Insiders. Op 18 juli bracht Microsoft build 14393 uit, de uiteindelijke update die ook zou uitrollen naar het publiek. Op 20 juli bracht Microsoft dezelfde build uit voor de Slow Ring, gevolg door een release naar de Release Preview Ring op 28 juli 2016. De officiële uitrol van de Anniversary Update zal geleidelijk aan gebeuren; niet iedereen krijgt direct de update voorgeschoteld. Voor Xbox One-gebruikers was de update beschikbaar vanaf 30 juli. Desktop- en Holographic-gebruikers kregen de update op 2 augustus aangeboden, terwijl Mobile in de weken daaropvolgend zou uitgerold worden.

    Windows 10 Creators Update "Redstone 2"[bewerken]

    Op 29 juli 2016 kondigde Microsoft aan dat het Insider Programma verder zou gaan in augustus 2016 met een nieuwe reeks builds voor de volgende versie van Windows, welke ontwikkeld wordt onder de codenaam Redstone 2. Microsoft toonde de Creators Update op 26 oktober 2016 op een Windows 10-evenement. Redstone 2 is de eerste van 2 updates die verwacht worden in 2017.

    Insider Preview[bewerken]

    Op 11 augustus 2016 gaf Microsoft build 14901 vrij, de eerste Redstone 2-build. Net als met de Anniversary Update begint Microsoft eerst met verdere aanpassingen aan OneCore. De update bevat ook een nieuw systeem voor het geven van tips aan gebruikers over nieuwe functies in Windows 10. In build 14905 begon ook het Actiecentrum notificaties te tonen om gebruikers te helpen bij het vinden van nieuwe functies in Windows. In latere builds bracht Microsoft verschillende verbeteringen aan aan Narrator.

    Desktops, laptops en tablets[bewerken]

    De standaardedities van Windows 10 (Home, Pro, Enterprise, Education en Pro Education) kunnen allemaal gedraaid worden op zowel desktops, laptops als tablets. Ook 2-in-1's zoals de Microsoft Surface vallen hier onder. Voor toestellen met een touchscreen kan Windows 10 zich dynamisch aanpassen via Continuum om beter te functioneren voor touchscreens of het gebruik van muis en toetsenbord. Windows 10 zal aan de hand van de hardware uitmaken of het gebruik moet maken van deze zogenaamde "tabletmodus" waarbij het startmenu en apps het volledige scherm innemen of dat het moet functioneren zoals in voorgaande versies van Windows zoals Windows 8.1 waar applicaties in een venster moeten draaien op het bureaublad.

    Smartphones[bewerken]

    Windows 10 Mobile is de opvolger van Windows Phone 8.1. Het kan gezien worden als een editie van Windows 10 en is gebaseerd op dezelfde codebase. Smartphones met Windows Phone 8.1 en minimaal 8 GB geheugen kunnen upgraden naar Windows 10 Mobile, al zullen niet alle nieuwe functionaliteiten hierop werken.

    Xbox One[bewerken]

    Zie Xbox One voor het hoofdartikel over dit onderwerp.

    Microsoft bracht in november 2013 de Xbox One uit met een op Windows 8 gebaseerd (Windows NT 6.2) besturingssysteem. Na de aankondiging van Windows 10 werd ook bekendgemaakt dat de Xbox One een update zou krijgen naar Windows 10 (NT 10.0). Deze werd op 12 november 2015 uitgerold en bevatte een voor de Xbox One ontworpen dashboardinterface en verschillende nieuwe functies. Latere updates moeten ook Cortana en Windows Universal Apps naar de Xbox One brengen.

    HoloLens[bewerken]

    Windows 10 is het eerste besturingssysteem dat ondersteuning biedt voor holografische interfaces, in combinatie met hardware zoals de Microsoft HoloLens. De eerste stabiele versie van Windows 10 Holographic werd op 2 augustus 2016 vrijgegeven voor de HoloLens.

    Ontwikkelingsproces[bewerken]

    In tegenstelling tot eerdere versies van Windows, wordt Windows 10 anders ontwikkeld ten opzichte van de gebruikers. Zo gaf Microsoft eerder dan gewoonlijk toegang tot vroege testversies voor degenen die ermee aan de slag willen. Ook worden testversies vaker voorzien van updates. Waar Microsoft bij Windows 8 gemiddeld 4 maanden liet tussen nieuwe updates, is dit bij Windows 10 slechts enkele weken of soms dagen. In deze builds wordt ook vaker onafgewerkte functionaliteit meegenomen, zoals de zogenaamde z-apps. Dit zijn apps die nog volop in ontwikkeling zijn.

    Windows Insider[bewerken]

    Windows Insider is een programma dat opgezet is voor personen die willen deelnemen aan het testen van Windows-builds tijdens de ontwikkelingsfase. Windows Insider geeft toegang tot de builds, staat gebruikers toe te updaten naar nieuwe builds en geeft toegang tot de Microsoft Feedback-app in Windows 10. Nieuwe builds worden niet volgens een specifiek patroon vrijgegeven, wel kunnen gebruikers kiezen om nieuwe versies direct te ontvangen als deze worden vrijgegeven of deze nog even uit te stellen.

    Rings[20] zijn de ontwikkelingsstadia van het maken en testen van de builds van Windows 10. Er zijn sinds 21 oktober 2014 8 Rings, waarvan er 5 via het Insider Programma kunnen worden bereikt. De Rings geven aan wie wanneer toegang krijgt tot een nieuwe testbuild en in welk stadium deze build zich bevindt. De eerste Ring krijgt dagelijks nieuwe versies, terwijl de laatste Ring tot meerdere weken per build heeft. Windows Insiders zijn vrij te kiezen tussen de verschillende Rings, behalve bij Xbox, waar via een levelsysteem wordt gespeeld. De laatste Ring is vrij en door middel van feedback kunnen de eerdere Rings worden vrijgespeeld.

    Overzicht[bewerken]

    Ring Beschikbaarheid Betekenis Canary Selfhost Fast Ring Skip Ahead Fast Ring Active Microsoft Ring Slow Ring Preview Ring Release Preview Semi-Annual Channel Targeted Semi-Annual Channel Broad Long-Term Servicing Channel
    Microsoft Canary wordt dagelijks voorzien van updates en zijn alleen toegankelijk voor selecte Windows-ontwikkelaars in de Operating Systems Group (OSG).
    Zodra de Canary Ring een build goed acht, wordt deze verspreid over Selfhost.
    Insiders Windows Insiders in de Fast Ring Skip Ahead krijgen builds zodra ze door Selfhost zijn goedgekeurd, deze worden direct geïnstalleerd. Zodra builds voor de volgende update van Windows 10 worden gecompileerd wordt Skip Ahead hierop overgeschakeld.
    Windows Insiders in de Fast Ring Active krijgen builds zodra ze door Selfhost zijn goedgekeurd, deze worden direct geïnstalleerd. De builds zijn instabiel en er wordt overgeschakeld naar de volgende update van Windows 10 wanneer de RTM-build van de huidige Windows 10-versie is verschenen.
    Microsoft De laatste niet-publieke fase is toegang voor Microsoft zelf, en wordt verspreid als er niet te veel problemen in de Fast Ring Skip Ahead en Active worden gevonden en die de build dus goed achten.
    Insiders Als er geen problemen optreden in de vorige Ring, zal de build enkele dagen later ook naar de Slow Ring worden doorgestuurd. De builds zijn redelijk stabiel en er wordt overgeschakeld naar een toekomstige Windows 10-versie wanneer de RTM-build van de huidige Windows 10-versie ongeveer 2 tot 3 maanden geleden is verschenen.
    Een Ring alleen beschikbaar voor Xbox.
    Deze ring heeft dezelfde builds als de Semi-Annual Channel Targeted, maar krijgt updates, appupdates en driverupdates eerder. De builds zijn stabiel en gebruikers krijgen de nieuwe Windows 10-versie ongeveer 1 week voor de release van niet-insiders.
    Publiek De Semi-Annual Channel Targeted bevat altijd de meest recente stabiele versie van Windows 10. Dit is de enige branch beschikbaar voor Windows 10 Home voor niet-insiders.
    Bedrijven Deze branch krijgt alle bugfixupdates, maar nieuwe functies kunnen worden uitgesteld tot 4 maanden na release in de Semi-Annual Channel Targeted.
    Deze branch wordt enkel voorzien van kritieke beveiligingsupdates en wordt pas eens in de drie jaar voorzien van nieuwe features.

    Builds worden vrijgegeven in de Fast Ring zodra er geen grote problemen zijn gevonden bij de ontwikkeling. Als de build via updates stabiel genoeg kan worden zal deze ook worden uitgerold naar de Slow Ring, als er te veel problemen worden aangetroffen blijft de Slow Ring op de voorgaande build. Voor Windows 10 Mobile-builds zijn er strengere eisen omdat deze versie niet kan worden voorzien van tussentijdse updates zoals de desktopversie.

    Windows 10 bevat verschillende nieuwe functies die in Windows 8.1 nog niet bestonden. Niet alle functies die hier genoemd worden zijn reeds beschikbaar in de Windows Technical Preview. Deze lijst is gebaseerd op kennis uit de eerder genoemde preview builds (zie Kort versieoverzicht) en aankondigingen van Microsoft, maar is nog onvolledig.

    Start[bewerken]

    Windows 10 herintroduceert een startmenu. De functie werd al eerder aangekondigd tijdens Microsofts Build 2014-conferentie. Het startmenu werd ontwikkeld onder de codenaam "MiniStart". Het nieuwe menu bestaat uit de traditionele lijst van apps aan de linkerkant en tegels aan de rechterkant. Gebruikers zijn vrij de grootte van het startmenu te bepalen: het kan laag en breed zijn, maar ook hoog en smal. Ook het formaat van de tegels kan worden aangepast zoals dat altijd mogelijk is geweest op het startscherm. In de 4de Technical Preview werden het startmenu en het startscherm samengevoegd. Het startmenu biedt nu een optie om het volledig scherm in beslag te nemen en zo het startscherm te worden.

    Continuum[bewerken]

    Continuum is een modus waarbij Windows herkent wanneer of er al dan niet een toetsenbord aan een tablet, zoals de Microsoft Surface Pro 4, is gekoppeld. Windows zal vragen om over te schakelen naar touchmodus als een toetsenbord wordt ontkoppeld, maar de gebruiker kan dit ook forceren. Indien de gebruiker het startmenu gebruikt in de desktopmodus, zal deze vervangen worden door een schermvullende interface in de vorm van het startscherm. Afhankelijk van het gebruikte scherm zullen tegels ook groter getoond worden. De taakbalk wordt hoger en meer gericht op touch. Zo wordt er onder andere een terug-knop toegevoegd aan de taakbalk, wordt het zoekveld verborgen onder een knop en worden de applicatiepictogrammen verborgen. Ook wordt het systeemvak breder en verbergt het alle niet-standaardpictogrammen. Apps openen gebeurt op het volledige scherm in plaats van in vensters en deze kunnen met een beweging naar beneden gesloten worden, ook zal Snap overschakelen op een meer app-georiënteerde interface. Zodra het toetsenbord weer wordt aangesloten vraagt Windows om terug te schakelen naar de normale modus.

    Bureaublad[bewerken]

    Het bureaublad is voorzien van diverse nieuwe functies. Het is voortaan mogelijk om virtuele bureaubladen toe te voegen. Deze kunnen worden benaderd via de Task View, dat ook fungeert als een overzicht van alle openstaande programma's en de app-switcher en appbar uit Windows 8.1 vervangt. Verder kunnen "Universal Apps" worden geopend op het bureaublad in een venster, deze functie werd al aangekondigd op Build 2014. Ook Aero Snap is verbeterd: er kunnen nu vier apps per scherm worden gesnapt. Als een venster aan de linkerkant van het scherm wordt gesnapt en de breedte vervolgens wordt aangepast, zal de app die daarna wordt gesnapt alleen nog maar de overgebleven breedte in gebruik nemen. "Universal Apps" kunnen nu ook snelkoppelingen op het bureaublad hebben.

    De Verkenner is uitgebreid met enkele kleine functies. Zo is er een knop toegevoegd om een bestand toe te voegen aan favorieten en kan er vanuit de Verkenner worden gedeeld. Beide functies zijn toegevoegd aan het lint. De startpagina van de Verkenner is ook aangepast en geeft voortaan een overzicht van recente bestanden en meest gebruikte mappen. Ook een veelgehoorde klacht over de iconen van Windows wordt in Windows 10 geadresseerd, de iconen die geïntroduceerd waren bij Windows Vista worden vervangen door nieuwe Modern UI-gebaseerde iconen met verbeterde ondersteuning voor hoge resoluties.

    Verder zijn er nog diverse kleine wijzigingen aangebracht. Zo kan de prullenbak voortaan worden vastgepind aan de taakbalk. Om een venster te scrollen hoeft het ook niet langer actief te zijn, met de cursor in het venster gaan staan is genoeg. Ook zijn er enkele verbeteringen voor touchscreens doorgevoerd. Zo staan pictogrammen in het notificatie centrum verder uit elkaar op een touchscreen en wordt het virtueel toetsenbord voortaan automatisch getoond als er in een veld wordt getikt.

    Functies[bewerken]

    Er is een Action Center (dat al bestond in Windows Phone) toegevoegd.[21] Het Action Center doet onder andere dienst als notificatiecentrum. De functionaliteit is echter beperkt in build 9860 en 9879. In latere builds is het Action Center gelijk getrokken met het Action Center dat gevonden kan worden in Windows Phone 8.1 en verder uitgebreid. Zo kunnen voortaan alle quick settings worden getoond in het Action Center. Ook kunnen notificaties nu zelf acties bevatten.

    De Opdrachtprompt is ook voorzien van een grote update, het is onder andere mogelijk om tekst te selecteren, kopiëren, knippen en plakken. Ook diverse andere functies zijn toegevoegd.[22] Het virtueel toetsenbord geeft nu ook AutoComplete-suggesties. Ten laatste kunnen updates nu worden verwijderd via het bootmenu.

    Ook bevat Windows 10 ondersteuning voor verschillende nieuwe mediaformaten. MKV-ondersteuning werd geïntroduceerd in de 2de Technical Preview, FLAC-ondersteuning werd aangekondigd voor de eerste update van 2015.

    Microsoft Edge[bewerken]

    Windows 10 is de eerste versie van Windows in 20 jaar waarbij Internet Explorer niet de standaardbrowser vanuit Microsoft is. In plaats daarvan biedt Microsoft Microsoft Edge aan. Edge is volledig van de grond af aan opnieuw opgebouwd, terwijl EdgeHTML voor een klein deel is gebaseerd op het werk dat gedaan is in Trident. De browser biedt geen ondersteuning voor oude technologieën zoals ActiveX. Wel biedt de browser ondersteuning om te tekenen op webpagina's, Cortana-integratie en extensies.

    Apps[bewerken]

    Verschillende apps zijn bijgewerkt naar recentere versies in vroege Technical Preview-builds. In latere builds werden apps voorzien van de design language van Windows 10, waar sommige apps meermaals een nieuw design voor kregen. Ook werden er verschillende nieuwe functies toegevoegd aan alle apps. Berichten en Kalender werden vervangen door een Outlook-app en de OneNote-app kreeg een volledig nieuwe interface gelijkend aan de Office for Windows-apps. De Pc-instellingen-app werd hernoemd naar Instellingen en kreeg een nieuw ontwerp en een grote hoeveelheid aan nieuwe instellingen die eerder in het Configuratiescherm moesten worden aangepast.

    Microsoft voegde verder enkele nieuwe apps toe aan Windows 10, waaronder de Xbox-app. Deze moet het mogelijk maken om games te streamen van een Xbox One naar een Windows-pc. Ook voegde Microsoft een ondersteuningsapp toe. Verder werden er twee apps voor Windows Insiders toegevoegd en werden er verschillende apps gemaakt die in recentere previews deel uitmaken van Cortana. Er werden daarnaast enkele apps verwijderd of geschrapt van de lijst van apps die zijn voorgeïnstalleerd, zoals Windows Leeslijst en Windows Lezer. Deze apps werden vervangen door Microsoft Edge.

    In de November Update van Windows 10 voegde Microsoft opnieuw enkele apps toe aan de standaardapps van Windows 10. Dit waren Berichten, Telefoon, Skype Video en Sway. Verder werden de andere standaardapps voorzien van verschillende updates, die later ook uitrolde naar de originele versie van Windows 10.

    In de Anniversary Update werd Skype Video verwijderd en werd de Skype-integratie uit Berichten en Telefoon gehaald ten voordele van een volledige Skype-app die op de lange termijn de desktopversie van Skype moet vervangen. Verder bevat de Anniversary Update ook een Connect-app voor smartphones met ondersteuning voor Continuum for Phones.

    Cortana[bewerken]

    Cortana is een functie om internetinformatie te gebruiken en te verwerken. Cortana werkte al op sommige Windows 8.1-smartphones, maar wordt vast onderdeel op alle nieuwe Windows 10-versies. Het verenigt elementen van een zoekmachine met die van een persoonlijke assistent, omdat het bij kan houden waar een gebruiker naar zoekt, wat diens interesses zijn en waarnaar een gebruiker waarschijnlijk naar op zoek is. In regio's waar Cortana is geïmplementeerd (vooralsnog niet in Nederland en België) kan het worden gebruikt om surfgedrag te monitoren en de gebruiker op die wijze van voor hem/haar relevante informatie te voorzien. Ook reageert Cortana op spraakgestuurde vragen en opdrachten, en kan via Cortana een e-mail worden gedicteerd en verstuurd.

    Windows Ink[bewerken]

    Windows Ink is een nieuwe interface speciaal voor gebruik met een pen. Universal Windows Platform Apps kunnen integreren met Ink om zelf een canvas te bieden om te schrijven. De tool bevat verschillende functies zoals een potlood, stift en markeerstift. Ook biedt de Inking Workspace een meetlat voor het tekenen van rechte lijnen. Windows Ink bevat voorts een vernieuwde versie van Sticky Notes met Ink-ondersteuning en Cortana-integratie. Verder kunnen er ook screenshots mee gemaakt worden om er vervolgens notities op te schrijven. Ten slotte geeft de Inking Workspace een lijst van apps met Windows Ink-integratie.

    Windows Insider-apps[bewerken]

    Er zijn twee apps specifiek bedoeld voor Windows Insiders aanwezig in de previewversies van Windows 10. Een daarvan is Windows Feedback. Deze app toont nu en dan een notificatie als een gebruiker een bepaalde handeling doet om er info (feedback) over te vragen: hoe makkelijk het was, wat er mis liep, enzovoorts. Een tweede app is de Insiders Hub, die werd geïntroduceerd in de 3e Windows Technical Preview. Deze app doet dienst als een informatiecentrum voor Windows Insider-gebruikers. De Windows Feedback-app heeft vanaf build 9926 een volledig nieuw ontwerp, waarschijnlijk na de kritiek die de app kreeg door diverse problemen en een slecht ontwerp.

    In build 14291 verwijderde Microsoft de Windows Feedback- en Insider Hub-app ten voordele van de Feedback Hub. De Feedback Hub was een samentrekking van beide apps die voor Insiders als een volledig portaal moet dienen voor nieuws, quests en het sturen van feedback naar Microsoft. De app werd later meermaals bijgewerkt met onder andere ondersteuning voor het reageren op feedback.

    Activatie[bewerken]

    In tegenstelling tot voorgaande versies van Windows werkt Windows 10 niet meer hoofdzakelijk met een productcode. Productcodes zijn echter nog steeds van toepassing als men voor de eerste keer een installatie van Windows 10 doorloopt die geen upgrade was van Windows 7 of 8.1. In plaats van een productcode registreert Windows de computer nu bij de Windows Store aan de hand van een hardware-ID, dat bestaat uit info over de CPU, het moederbord en, indien aanwezig, de Trusted Platform Module. Aan de hand van die combinatie wordt Windows bij latere installaties op dezelfde hardware via de Windows Store geactiveerd. Dit vereist echter wel een apparaat dat al voorzien is van een legitieme versie van Windows. In de November Update is het ook mogelijk gemaakt dat, indien dat niet het geval is, men Windows 10 kan activeren met een sleutel van Windows 7, 8 en 8.1.

    Systeemvereisten[bewerken]

    De systeemeisen van Windows 10 zijn dezelfde als die voor Windows 8.

    Upgrade-mogelijkheden[bewerken]

    Gebruikers van Windows 8.1, 8 en 7 kunnen upgraden naar Windows 10 met behoud van bestanden, instellingen en programma's. Windows 7-gebruikers kunnen een aparte update downloaden waarmee Windows Update het updateproces de update naar de Windows Technical Preview overneemt. Windows 8.1- en 8-gebruikers moeten het volledige pakket downloaden of een installatie-dvd gebruiken. Sinds de januari-update voor de Technical Preview kunnen zowel Windows 7- als Windows 8.1-machines via Windows Update worden bijgewerkt naar de Windows 10 Technical Preview en versies die daarop volgde.

    Windows RT-gebaseerde apparaten kunnen niet updaten naar de Windows 10. Microsoft zou echter van plan zijn om een update uit te brengen voor Windows RT onder de naam van Windows RT 8.1 Update 3, maar gaf geen verdere details. Ook Windows Vista- en XP-gebruikers kunnen niks houden bij de overstap van hun besturingssysteem naar Windows 10. Een schone installatie is vereist.

    • Windows 7 SP1 voor Windows 7
    • Windows 8.1 Update voor Windows 8

    Gratis upgrade[bewerken]

    Op 1 juni 2015 begonnen Windows-installaties die in aanmerking komen voor een gratis update een melding te tonen aan gebruikers om zich te registreren om Windows 10 te installeren van zodra het beschikbaar zou komen op 29 juli 2015. Iedere editie van Windows 7 en 8.1 die in aanmerking komt zal worden geüpdatet naar zijn Windows 10-tegenhanger. De mogelijkheid om gratis te upgraden duurde 1 jaar tot 29 juli 2016.

    Windows 10 gratis upgrade matrix[24] Windows versie en editie Windows 10 editie
    Windows 7 Starter Windows 10 Home
    Windows 7 Home Basic
    Windows 7 Home Premium
    Windows 8.1 with Bing
    Windows 8.1
    Windows 7 Professional Windows 10 Pro
    Windows 7 Ultimate
    Windows 8.1 Pro

    nl.wikipedia.org

    Windows 10 - Wikipedia

    "Windows 9" preusmjerava ovdje. Za seriju Windows računarskih sistema proizvedenih od 1995. do 2000. godine, pogledajte Windows 9x.

    Windows 10 je operativni sistem za lične računare kog objavljuje Microsoft u sklopu Windows NT porodice operativnih sistema. Službeno je prikazan u septembru 2014. nakon kratke demonstracije na Build konferenciji 2014, nakon čega ulazi u fazu beta testiranja sve od oktobra 2014. pa do objavljivanja sistema 29. jula 2015,[3] odnosno objave za količinsko licenciranje 1. augusta 2015. Kako bi poradili na što bržim usvajanjem sistema, Microsoft je objavio da će Windows 10 biti dostupan kao besplatna nadogradnja korisnicima koji imaju originalna izdanja sistema Windows 7 i Windows 8.1.

    Sistem pruža ono što Microsoft zove "univerzalnom" aplikacijskom arhitekturom. Ovaj sistem nadovezuje se na, i poboljšava ranije Metro aplikacije, te se aplikacije mogu dizajnirati sa skoro identičnim kôdom širom Microsoftovih porodica proizvoda poput računara, tableta, pametnih telefona, ugrađenih sistema, konzole Xbox One, Surface Huba i HoloLensa. Korisnički interfejs sistema prerađen je za lakše prebacivanje s interfejsa orijentiranom korištenju miša i dodirivanju ekrana zavisno od tog koji od ova dva ulazna uređaja je dostupan korisniku. Ovo je upečatljivo na uređajima koji se ponašaju kao tablet računari i kao laptopi istovremeno. Oba interfejsa sadrže ažurirani Startni meni koji kombinira klasični dizajn sistema Windows 7 i live tile-ove sa sistema Windows 8 i 8.1. Windows 10 također sadrži novu mogućnost za virtualno upravljanje radnim površinama pod imenom "Task View" (bosanski: Pregled zadataka), preglednik Microsoft Edge te druge nove ili ažurirane aplikacije, integriranu podršku za prijavu putem otiska prsta i prepoznavanja lica, nove sigurnosne mogućnosti za preduzeća kao i DirectX 12 i WDDM 2.0 za poboljšanje grafičkih mogućnosti operativnog sistema, pogotovo za videoigre.

    Microsoft je opisao Windows 10 kao "operativni sistem pružen kao usluga" u smislu da će za njega pružati ažuriranja koja će sadržavati nove mogućnosti i funkcije. Tokom dugotrajnog razdoblja podrške, preduzeća će moći sporije ažurirati na nekritična ažuriranja poput sigurnosnih prepravki. Izvršni potpredsjednik Microsoftove grupe za Windows i druge uređaje, Terry Myerson, tvrdi da je cilj ovog modela smanjenje fragmentacije Windows platforme jer Microsoft planira da nakon dvije do tri godine, Windows 10 bude instaliran na barem milijardu uređaja.[4]

    Sistem je većinom dobio pozitivne kritike nakon prvobitne objave u julu 2015; kritičari su pohvalili Microsoftovu odluku da umanji značaj dodirnih korisničkih elemenata koje su predstavili u sistemu Windows 8 (uključujući značaj aplikacija preko cijelog ekrana i Startnog ekrana) na sistemima gdje dodir nije dostupan kao način korištenja. Ovo je učinjeno kako bi Windows 10 bio što sličniji ranijim verzijama Windowsa, dok je dodirni način korištenja sistema Windows 10 prvobitno samo sadržavao nazatke u odnosu na korisnički interfejs sistema Windows 8 i 8.1. Kritičari su također pohvalili bolji predinstalirani softver u odnosu na 8.1, integraciju mogućnosti Xbox Live sa Xbox platforme, funkcije i mogućnosti lične pomoćnice Cortane kao i zamjena preglednika Internet Explorer s Microsoft Edgeom, mada je novi preglednik također dobio kritike da nije završen i da ne sadrži dovoljno mogućnosti u odnosu na druge preglednike.

    Također je dobio kritike zbog ograničavanja korisničkih mogućnosti promjena različitih postavka; naprimjer, Windows Update automatski instalira ažuriranja i više ne pruža korisnicima mogućnost da izaberu koja ažuriranja žele instalirati, dok jedino Pro izdanje sistema Windows 10 može "odgoditi" instalaciju "nadogradnji" za operativni sistem. Drugi kritičari i zagovornici doveli su u pitanje i privatnost korisnikâ jer predodređene postavke sistema zahtijevaju od korisnika prijenos nekih korisničkih podataka Microsoftu i njegovim partnerima. Microsoft je također primio kritike zbog načina distribucije sistema Windows 10; naprimjer, zbog automatskog preuzimanja instalacijskih datoteka na računare korisnika koji na to nisu izričito pristali.

    Na Microsoftovoj partnerskoj konferenciji 2011. godine, Andrew Lees (tadašnji šef mobilnih tehnologija) je izjavio da kompanija planira imati jedan ekosistem za računare, mobilne telefone, tablete i druge uređaje. "Nećemo imati jedan ekosistem za računare, jedan za mobilne telefone, jedan za tablete, nego će biti samo jedan ekosistem za sve ove uređaje."[5][6]

    U decembru 2013, tehnološka spisateljica, Mary Jo Foley, izvjestila je da Microsoft radi na ažuriranju za Windows 8, kôdnog imena Threshold, po imenu planete iz Microsoft-ove Halo franšize igara.[7] Slično sistemu "Blue" (koji je kasnije postao Windows 8.1),[8] Foley je nazvala Threshold "talasom operativnih sistema" koji bi radio na nekoliko Microsoft-ovih platformi i usluga i trebao bi biti objavljen u drugoj četvrtini 2015. godine. Foley je također izvijestila da je jedan od ciljeva za Threshold bilo da se napravi ujedinjena aplikacijska platforma i alati za razvijanje aplikacija za Windows, Windows Phone i Xbox One (svi sistemi koriste slično Windows NT jezgro-kernel).[7][9] Bilo je špekulacije da će novo ime sistema biti "Windows 9".[10]

    U aprilu 2014. na Build konfereciji, Microsoft-ov zaposlenik Terry Myerson je predstavio ažuriranu verziju sistema Windows 8.1 koja je dodala mogućnost da se pokrenu aplikacije iz Windows Storea u prozoru, kao "klasnične" Windows aplikacije i prikazao je novi Start meni umjesto Start ekrana (metro-mode) prisutnog u sistemu Windows 8. Novi Start meni je dijelom baziran na onaj iz sistema Windowsa 7 jer koristi samo dio ekrana za svoj prikaz i uključuje ispisivanje aplikacija, sličan onom iz Windowsa 7. Druga kolona prikazuje tiles (odnosno pločice) iz sistema Windows 8. Myerson je izjavio da će ove promjene doći u budućem ažuriranju, ali nije detaljnije objasnio.[11][12]Microsoft je također prikazao koncept "univerzalnih Windows aplikacija" koje bi dozvolile da se moderne aplikacije prebace na Windows Phone 8.1 i Xbox One, dok u isto vrijeme dijele dijelom isti kôd, te da, ako korisnik kupi aplikaciju na jednoj platformi, ta licenca bi važila i na drugim platformama.[13]

    U julu 2014, Microsoft-ov novi direktor Satya Nadella je objasnio da kompanija planira da "usavrši sljedeće izdanje Windows-a sa tri operativna sistema u jedan objedinjeni sistem za ekrane svih veličina" ujedinivši Windows, Windows Phone i Windows Embedded oko jedne iste arhitekture i ujedinjenog aplikacijskog ekosistema. Međutim, Nadella je naglasio da ove interne promjene neće imati utjecaj na to kako će se operativni sistemi reklamirati i prodavati.[14][15] Slike ekrana Windows verzija (ili builds) su procurile na internet u julu 2014. godine, pokazivši prethodno prikazani Start meni i moderne aplikacije pokrenute u zasebnim prozorima.[9] Nakon toka su procurile nove slike ekrana nove verzije koja se opisuje kao "Windows Technical Preview" (bos. Windows tehnički pregled), verzije 9834, te je prikazivala novi sistem virtualnih radnih površina, centra za obavještenja i novu ikonu za File Explorer, inspirisanu dizajnerskim jezikom Metro.[16]

    Najava[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Threshold je službeno predstavljen tokom medijskog događaja 30. septembra 2014. godine, pod imenom Windows 10; Myerson je rekao da će Windows 10 biti Microsoft-ova "najobimnija platforma ikad," pružajući samo jednu, ujedninjenu platformu za računare, laptope, tablete, pametne telefone i all-in-one uređaje.[10][17][18] Naglasio je da će Windows 10 vratiti određene mehanike korištenja koje su postojale u sistemu Windows 7 kako bi poboljšali ugođaj korisnicima bez ekranâ na dodir, spomenuvši kritike koje su dobili od strane korisnika miševa i tastatura.[19][20] Bez obzira na ovo, Myerson je rekao da će interfejs koji je namjenjen za korisnike sa ekranom na dodir također "evoluirati" u sistemu Windows 10.[21] Pri opisu promjena, Joe Belfiore je uporedio ova dva sistema sa električnim autima, u kojoj metafori je Windows 7 bio Toyota Prius hibrid prve generacije a Windows 10 novi Tesla, sav električan—smatrajući drugi model proširenjem tehnologije korištene u prvom.[22] Gleda imenovanja operativnog sistema, Terry Myerson je odbio izravno odgovoriti na pitanje zašto je Microsoft preskočio broj 9 (sa Windows 8 na 10) već je samo rekao da "s obzirom koji projekt je ispred nas i koliko će naš pristup biti drugačiji, ne bi bilo ispravno ga tako nazvati." Također se našalio da ga neće nazvati "Windows One" (pozivajući se na nedavne Microsoft-ove proizvode koje imaju One u svom imenu poput OneNote, Xbox One i servisa OneDrive) jer već imaju Windows 1.[10]

    Microsoft je pružio još detalja, pogotovo za funkcije namjenjene potrošačima na još jednom medijskom događaju 21. januara 2015. godine pod nazivom "Windows 10: Sljedeće poglavlje". Prezentirana je Cortana, nove Xbox funkcije, Windows 10 za telefone i male tablete, ažurirani Office Mobile paket, Surface Hub—veliki Windows 10 uređaj namjenjen za poslovnu suradnju koristeći Perceptive Pixel tehnologiju,[23] kao i HoloLens—naočale koje prikazuju proširenu stvarnost i platformu koja omogućava pravljenje "holograma" za prikaz putem HoloLens-a.[24] Dodatne informacije o sistemu Windows 10 se očekuju tokom Build-a 2015.[19][21][25]

    Objava[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Microsoft je, 1. juna 2015, objavio da će Windows 10 biti objavljen 29. jula 2015.[26] Započeta je reklamna kampanja usredotočena na Windows 10 pod imenom "Upgrade Your World" (bosanski: Nadogradi svoj svijet) koja je u Australiji, Kanadi, Francuskoj, Njemačkoj, Japanu, Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu i Sjedinjenim Državama izvršila premijeru u obliku televizijskih reklama 20. jula 2015. Fokusirajući se na nove mogućnost i tehnologije koje Windows 10 podržava kako bi sistem bio "ličniji" za korisnike, slogan reklama bio je "A more human way to do" (dos. bosanski: Ljudskiji način rada).[27][28] Reklamna kampanja dovela je da se 29. jula organizira proslava objave sistema u 13 gradova kojim se slavila "jedinstvena uloga obožavatelja u procesu razvijanja sistema Windows 10."[29]

    Razvoj nakon objave[uredi | uredi izvor]

    U augustu 2015, članovi programa Windows Insider počeli su dobijati nove verzije (odnosno buildove) sistema namijenjene kao prvo veće ažuriranje nakon objave sistema u julu i to s kôdnim nazivom "Th3" (ili "Threshold 2" – "threshold" znači "prag" i odnosi se na prag stabilnosti sistema koji se mora dostići da Microsoft može objaviti nadogradnju svim korisnicima). Ova nadogradnja bit će objavljena 12. novembra 2015.[30][31][32][33][34] Prije objave sistema Windows 10, u aprilu je izvještavano da će dva veća ažuriranja biti objavljena u 2016. u sklopu nadogradnje kôdnog imena "Redstone."[35]

    Veći dio Windows 10 sistema je fokusiranje na harmoniziranje korisničkih ugođaja i funkcionalosti između različitih vrsta uređaja, zajedno sa popravljanjem nedostataka koji su se pojavili u grafičkom korisničkom interfejsu sistema Windows 8.[19][20][36] Fokus je stavljen na "univerzalne aplikacije"—Windows Runtime softver koji može biti pokrenut na nekoliko različitih platformi i vrsta uređaja (poput računara, pametnih telefona i tableta), sinhronizirati podatke između uređaja i dozvoliti razvijačima da dijele kôd između varijacija aplikacija svake platforme.[13][37] Kao primjer ovoga, tokom "Windows 10: Sljedeće poglavlje" prezentacije, Microsoft je predstavio nove Office aplikacije dizajnirane za tablete i pametne telefone koje dijele slične korisničke interfejse i funkcionalost širom platformi; doći će u sklopu sistema Windows 10 Mobile i biće dostupne zasebno sa Windows Store prodavnice za računarsko izdanje sistema Windows 10.[38][39]

    Nastavljujući ovim šablonom, nasljednik sistema Windows Phone 8.1 će biti također pod brendom Windows 10, i dijeliće neke dijelove korisničkog interfejsa a i aplikacija sa računarskim izdanjem.[40]

    Korisnički interfejs i radna površina[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Korisnički interfejs sistema Windows 10 se mjenja zavisno od vrste uređaja na kojoj se koristi i od dostupnih načina unosa. Nova funkcija pod nazivom Continuum je zadužena za tranziciju između interfejskih režima laptopa koji se preklapaju kao i tableta sa tastaturama. Kada se tastatura prikopča, korisnici su ponuđeni da se prebace na korisnički režim koji je optimiziran za miš i tastaturu ili da i dalje koriste režim za dodir.[20] Nova verzija Start menija se također koristi, sa popisom aplikacija i dugmetom za "Sve aplikacije" s lijeve strane a sa live tiles sistemom sa desne. Meniju se može promijeniti veličina i može se proširiti na cijeli ekran, što je predodređena opcija kada se koristi režim za dodir, zbog lakšeg korištenja.[19][36][41]

    Funkcija "Pregled zadataka". Prikazuje nekoliko virtualnih radnih površina.

    Novi virtualni sistem radnih površina je također dodan pod imenom "Task View" (bos. Pregled zadataka). Klikom na dugme za Task View na traci zadataka ili povlačenjem prsta sa lijeve strane ekrana, prikazuju se sve otvorene aplikacije i dozvoljava korisnicima da se prebace na koju god aplikaciju žele ili da se prebace na drugu virtualnu radnu površinu. Moderne aplikacije, koje su se prije mogle samo otvarati preko cijelog ekrana, se sada mogu pokrenuti u zasebnom prozoru na radnoj površini ili preko cijelog ekrana.[19][36] Programski prozori se sada mogu stavljati na kvadrante ekrana, pomjeranjem istoimenih prozora u neki ugao ekrana. Kada je prozor postavljen sa jedne strane ekrana, na drugoj strani ekrana se od korisnika traži da izabere drugi prozor da popuni to mjesto.[36] Univerzalno polje za pretraživanje sa Cortanom se nalazi pored Start menija i Task View dugmeta.[41] Sistemske ikone su također promjenjene u noviji, ravniji dizajn.[41]

    Charms sistem s desne strane ekrana je uklonjen; ta funkcija može se pristupiti preko "Applikacijske naredbe" menija u naslovnoj liniji programa.[19][36] Umjesto tog sistema, koristi se Akcijski centar (eng. Action Center) koji prikazuje obavještenja i dugmad za uključivanje i isključivanje određenih podešavanja. Pristupa se tako što se klikne na njegovu ikonu u sistemskoj traci ili prevlačenjem prsta s desne strane ekrana. Obavještenja se mogu sinhronizirati između nekoliko uređaja.[40][41] Aplikacija "Podešavanja" (prethodno "PC podešavanja") je osvježena i sada sadrži više opcija koje su prije bile dostupne samo u "klasničnoj" verziji kontrolne table.

    Mrežne usluge[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Windows 10 sadrži ličnu digitalnu pomoćnicu Cortanu, prvi put predstavljenu na Windows Phone operativnom sistemu.[44] Može joj se pristupiti preko polja za pretraživanje pored Start dugmeta i podržava unos putem glasa ili teksta.[45]

    Windows 10 koristi novi web engine koji se interno naziva "Edge" te je "dizajniran za interoperabilnost modernog weba". Windows 10 također sadrži novi internetski preglednik pored Internet Explorera kôdnog imena "Spartan". "Spartan" i Internet Explorer oba koriste novi "Edge" engine, mada mogu koristiti MSHTML radi kompatibilnosti sa internim, poslovnim web stranicama.[46][47][48]

    Aplikacije "Poruke", uklonjena iz Windows 8.1 je vraćena sa novim interfejsom koristeći Skype u pozadini za poruke i pozive. Razgovori i kontakti se mogu sinhronizirati na nekoliko uređaja, te se Skype kontakti mogu dodati preko broja mobilnog telefona.[41][49]

    Univerzalne aplikacije[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Microsoft će sa sistemom Windows 10 proširiti svoju platformu univerzalnih aplikacija koje su se prvi put pojavile 2014. godine u sistemima Windows 8.1 i Windows Phone 8.1.[50] Univerzalne aplikacije u sistemu Windows 10 su Windows Runtime softver koji dijeli osnovni kôd jednog paketa za razvoj programa i može se koristiti na stolnim računarima, mobilnim uređajima (poput tableta i telefona), Xbox konzolama, Surface Hubu, holografskim i IoT uređajima.[51] Aplikacije se pružaju korisnicima preko jedne prodavnice širom svih platformi te sadrže prilagodljiv korisnički interfejs koji se mijenja zavisno od uređaja koji su priključeni u računar i mogućnosti tog uređaja. Univerzalne aplikacije će podržavati usklađivanje podešavanja, lozinki (i ostalih ličnih podataka) kao i obavještenja na svim uređajima.[52] Razvijači aplikacija su odgovorni za ovakvu vrstu podrške širem uređaja, te su također odgovorni za načine kupovine za sve uređaje.[53] Windows 10 će također sadržavati podršku za objavljivanje web aplikacija na prodavnici.[54]

    Multimedija i igre[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Windows 10 podržavati integraciju između Xbox ekosistema i Windows-a. Postojaće ažurirana Xbox aplikacija koja zamjenjuje Xbox SmartGlass na Windows-u i dozvoljava korisnicima da pretražuju svoju biblioteku igara (uključujući PC i Xbox igre) i Game DVR, koji će biti dostupan preko tastaturne prečice, dozvoljavajući korisnicima da sačuvaju zadnjih 30 sekundi igre kao videozapis koji se može dijeliti na Xbox Live, OneDrive ili negdje drugo.[55][56] Windows 10 će dozvoljavati korisnicima da kontroliraju i igraju igre sa svoje Xbox One konzole preko lokalne mreže.[57]

    Windows 10 dodaje platformsku podršku za FLAC, HEVC i Matroska medijske formate, dozvoljavajući da se mediji koji koriste te kodeke, otvore preko Windows Media Player-a ili druge aplikacije bez ikakvih dodatnih instalacija kodeka.[58][59][60]

    DirectX 12[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Windows 10 će sadržavati DirectX 12 i WDDM 2.0.[61][62] Prvi put predstavljen u martu 2014. godine, cilj nove DirectX verzije je da "poboljša efikasnost" tako što će pružiti bliži pristup hardverskim resursima i samim time smanjiti iscrpljivanje procesora i grafičkih drajvera.[63][64]

    Windows 10 će biti distribuiran na znatno drugačiji način od prethodnih izdanja Windows-a. Microsoft je prije pružao korisnicima ažuriranja u znatno velikom broju koje su dale i dodatne funkcije a i bile sigurnosna i zakrpna ažuriranja, Windows 10 će to promjeniti tako što će davati korisnicima ažuriranja čim su dostupna. Što se tiče poslovnih okruženja, administratori mogu izabrati između dva kanala izdavanja: "Trenutna grana za poslovne korisnike" (eng. Current Branch for Business ili CBB) i dugoročna podrška (LTS). CBB će dobijati sva ažuriranja u isto vrijeme kao i potrošači, ali će dozvoliti administratorima da ne instaliraju ili da odgode nekritična ažuriranja da bi utvrdili da su prikladna za njihova radna okruženja. LTS izdanja su periodične slike CBB grane i samo će primati kritične zakrpe za period od deset godina. Sistemi mogu koristiti jednu ili dvije verzije stariju sliku LTS verzije da bi dozvolili strukturno raspoređivanje i interne softverske cikluse podrške.[65][66][67] Stella Chernyak je objasnio da "imamo poslovne partnere koji možda imaju okruženja koja su znatno kritična, tako da poštujemo njihovu želju za testiranje i stabiliziranje određenog okruženja dugoročno."[68]

    Podrška za Windows i grane ažuriranja[65][69][70][71]
    Grana ažuriranja Pregledna grana Windows Insider(skraćeno WIPB)Beta softver Trenutna grana(skraćeno CB)Još se naziva "Consumer grade" Trenutna grana za biznise(skraćeno CBB)Još se naziva "Business ready" Grana dugoročnog servisiranja(skraćeno LTSB)Još se naziva "Mission critical"
    Izdanje Home  
    Pro  
    Education  
    Enterprise  
      Enterprise LTSB
    Kritična ažuriranjaSigurnosne zakrpe i ažuriranja stabilnosti Neprekidna čim postanu dostupna(izbor između slow i fast prstena) Automatska Automatska Neodređeno odgađanje
    Nadogradnja funkcijaNekritična ažuriranja u svrhu nadogradnje funkcionalosti sistema Automatska ili mogućnost odgađanja Samo pomoću LTSB nadogradnji
    Učestalost nadogranji funkcija Neprekidno čim postanu dostupna Postupno nakon što ih grana WIPB testira ~4 mjeseca nakon CB testiranja ilidodatno odgađanje od ~8 mjeseci Sa LTSB izdanjima koja su stabilne 'slike' CBB grane
    Podrška nadogradnje Neprekidna ažuriranja Neprekidna ažuriranja ili nadogradnja na licu mjesta na podržane LTSB verzije Mogućnost nadogradnje na licu mjesta na 3 najnovije LTSB verzije
    Podrška ažuriranja 10 godina (ili dok naredno ažuriranjene bude zahtijevalo podršku za hardver koji stari uređaj nema.)[72] 10 godina (ili ~8 mjeseci od odgađanja ažuriranja ili dok naredno ažuriranje ne bude zahtijevalo podršku za hardver koji stari uređaj nema.) 5 godina redovno + 5 godina produžene podrške
    Metode ažuriranja Windows Update Windows UpdateWindows Update for BusinessWindows Server Update Services Windows Update for BusinessWindows Server Update Services

    Terry Myserson je objasnio da sa ovim promjena, Microsoft više vidi Windows 10 kao "uslugu" odnosno "servis" koji bi "bio najnoviji za podržani životni ciklus proizvoda" i izjavio je da "pitanje 'koju verziju Windows-a koristiš' će prestati imati smisla", implicirajući da neće biti plaćenih nadogradnji nakon sistema 10.[65][73][74]

    Pregledne verzije[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Javna beta verzija sistema Windows 10 pod brendom "Windows Technical Preview" (bos. Windows tehnički pregled) je objavljena 1. oktobra 2014. godine; verzije tehničkih pregleda su namjenjene za entuzijaste i poslovne korisnike. Korisnici mogu se učlaniti u "Windows Insider" program kako bi primili povremena ažuriranja Windows tehničkog pregleda, time dozvoljavajući Microsoft-u da prima povratne informacije o promjenama koje napravi tokom razvojnog procesa. U prethodnim beta programima za Windows, javne beta verzije su znatno manje objavljivane.[19][21][75][76][77]

    Javna verzija[uredi | uredi izvor]

    Objavljivanje završene verzije sistema Windows 10 se očekuje krajem 2015. godine.[73][75] Tokom prve godine dostupnosti, licence za nadogradnju potrošača sa Windows 7 i Windows 8.1 sistema na Windows 10 će biti besplatne.[65]Enterprise izdanja 7 i 8.1 sistema nisu kvalifikovane za besplatnu nadogradnju u sklopu ove promocije, ali kao i kod prošlih nadogradnji, korisnici pod aktivnim SA ugovorom mogu nadograditi na Windows 10 bez promjene njihovog ugovora. Za korisnike čiji je SA ugovor istekao, ili koji imaju SA ugovor koji pokriva samo postojeća izdanja Windows-a neće moći besplatno nadograditi. Nije jasno kako će Microsoft unovčiti licence nakon što ova promocija istekne.[65][78] Zasebno ažuraranje sa "nekim" od promjena u sistemu Windows 10 je planirano za Windows RT.[79]

    2. februara 2015. godine, Microsoft je objavio da će nuditi besplatnu ARM verziju Windows 10 sistema za Raspberry Pi 2 uređaje.[80]

    Legenda:

    Stara verzija

    Starija verzija, ali se još podržava

    Zadnja verzija

    Zadnja pregledna verzija budućeg izdanja

    Buduće izdanje

    Tabela verzija: Windows 10 Verzija Datum izdavanja Izdvojene mogućnosti
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 6.4.9841[81] 1. oktobar 2014.
    • Nove "eksperimentalne" opcije, uključujući prelom redova i prečica sa Ctrl tasterima u konzolama (poput onih za rezanje, kopiranje i zaljepljivanje) koristeći Ctrl+X, Ctrl+V i slično. Revizirani način preko cijelog ekrana dostupan i moguć za korištenje na 32-bitnim i 64-bitnim izdanjima sa podrškom za nativnu rezoluciju, miš i korištenje scroll trake[19][21][82]
    • Ponovo pojavljivanje Start menija u stilu sistema Windows 7
    • Prozori se mogu postaviti u kvadrante tako što će ih se postavi u uglove ekrana.[19][19]
    • Task View (bosanski: Pregled zadataka), sistem za virtualne radne površine
    • Tradicionalni kalkulator nije dostupan osim ako se ne nadogradi sa prethodnog izdanja Windows-a
    • Windows Store aplikacije se mogu pokrenuti na radnoj površini kao prozori, a ne samo preko cijelog ekrana[83]
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 6.4.9860[84] 21. oktobar 2014.
    • "Preko 7.000 popravaka i poboljšanja"[85]
    • Centar za obavještenja: Prozor koji se može otvoriti iz sistemske trake kako bi se prikazala historija skočnih obavještenja[85]
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 6.4.9879[86] Fast prsten:12. novembar 2014.Slow prsten:25. novembar 2014.
    • Tri nove prstovne geste[87]
    • Internet Explorer sadrži pregled novog sistema prikazivanja - EdgeHTML[88][89][90]
    • Kompresija operativnog sistema uz pomoć alatke za čišćenje sistema (engleski: Disk Cleanup)
    • Selektivna sinhronizacija lokalnog sadržaja u servisu, odnosno programu OneDrive[87]
    • Dugmad na programskoj traci za nove mogućnosti u sistem Windows 10: "Task View" (bosanski: Pregled zadataka) i "Search" (bosanski: Pretraga) mogu se sakriti[87]
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.9926[91] Fast prsten:23. januar 2015.
    • Alarm koja sadrži svjetski sat, tajmer i štopericu[92]
    • Podrška za ličnu pomoćnicu Cortanu za američki engleski
    • Kalkulator zamijenjuje klasični kalkulator Win32 arhitekture
    • Dodano je dugme za prikaz Startnog menija preko cijelog ekrana[41]
    • Karte sa integracijom Cortane[93] i mogućnost čuvanja karti za korištenje bez mreže[94]
    • Slike sa automatskim poboljšanjima i prikazom albuma[40]
    • Novi stil okvira prozora
    • Podešavanja ažurirana s novim izgledom
    • Traka zadataka ima novi izgled s manje prozirnosti, manjim ikonama i podvlači pokrenute aplikacije
    • Dugme za pretragu je automatski prebačeno u polje za pretragu
    • Xbox aplikacija s podrškom za video unutar igara i streaming za Windows 10 uređaje[55]
    • Dodan DirectX 12 ali se ne može koristiti
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10041[95] Fast prsten:18. mart 2015.Slow prsten:24. mart 2015.
    • Poboljšan Startni meni. Dodana transparentna pozadina, poboljšan razmak startnog menija, promjenjene ikone za gašenje i za povećanje Startnog menija kao i dugme za popis svih aplikacija[95]
    • Digitalna pomoćnica Cortana sada radi u Kini, Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu, Francuskoj, Italiji, Njemačkoj i Španiji[95]
    • Novi kompaktni meni za mrežni pristup u stilu postojećeg centra za obavještenja[95]
    • Ažuriran web engine za Internet Explorer[96]
    • Live tile za aplikaciju Slike sada prikazuje i slike sa servisa OneDrive osim postojećih lokalnih. Aplikacija također sada podržava .RAW format i tastaturne prečice[95]
    • Novi prostor za unos manjeg teksta rukopisom[95]
    • Ekran za zaključivanje sada pokazuje nove usluge, funkcije kao i savjete za korištenje[95]
    • Windows Feedback aplikacija je ažurirana sa mogućnosti postavljanja filtera za razne upite kao i slaganja sa prijedlozima izravno sa popisa, za razliku od prethodnog pojedinačnog popisa. Windows Feedback sada također sadrži odjeljak za "Vaš napredak" koji prikazuje koliko je povratnih informacija korisnik poslao[95]
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10049[97] Fast prsten:30. mart 2015.
    • Project "Spartan" je dodan i postavljen kao preodređeni preglednik za Windows
    • Aplikacije Alarmi i satovi, Kalkulator i Snimač glasa imaju novi, ažurirani grafički korisnički interfejs
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10061[98] Fast prsten:22. april 2015.
    • Mail, Kalendar, MSN Vrijeme, MSN Novac i druge aplikacije imaju poboljšan korisnički interfejs i poboljšane performanse
    • Pregledne verzije aplikacija Muzika i Video su sada u Windows 10 zajedno sa verzijama iz sistema Windows 8
    • Nova crna sistemska tema za Start meni, traku zadataka i Akcijski centar
    • Start meni, traka zadataka i Akcijski centar imaju opciju za providnost
    • Start meni može mijenjati veličinu
    • Ulaskom u Tablet Mode (bosanski: Tabletni način rada ili Tabletni režim), Start dugme, Cortana i dugme za prikaz trenutno pokrenutih aplikacija se povećavaju i raširuju kako bi ih bilo lakše pritisnuti na ekranima na dodir
    • Novo podešavanje da se sistem pokrene u Tabletnom načinu rada, što je podrazumjevano podešavanje za tablete ispod 10 inča.
    • Nove Windows ikone, ikone za minimiziranje, proširenje i zatvaranje i nove sličice
    • Microsoft Solitaire Collection (bosanski: Kolekcija Microsoftovih Pasijans igara) je unaprijed instalirana u ovom buildu[99]
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10074[100] Fast prsten:29. april 2015.Slow prsten:29. april 2015.
    • Cortana je integrirana u Startni meni
    • Poboljšanja sistema live tiles: sada imaju nove animacije i opciju za isključenje promjenljivih informacija
    • Poboljšan korisnički interfejs Startnog menija. Pojedini korisnici mogu vidjeti zamagljen Startni meni, mada se ova opcija može i ručno uključiti pomoću registra sistema[101]
    • Novi zvukovi za razne akcije
    • Opcije personalizacije sistema su premještene u univeralnu aplikaciju Podešavanja umjesto Kontrolne table, te univerzalna aplikacija sadrži poneka poboljšanja
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10122[102] Fast prsten:20. maj 2015.
    • Novi izgled stranice za nove kartice u pregledniku Microsoft Edge
    • File Explorer i Podešavanja su premještena na dno Startnog menija blizu opcija za gašenje sistema
    • Mogućnost da se izabere između Startnog menija i Startnog ekrana je premještena na novu stranicu u Podešavanjima
    • Promjene u pogledu kako Windows 10 tretira predodređene aplikacije
    • People, MSN Weather, MSN Money, Insider Hub kao i druge aplikacije su ažurirane sa novim interfejsom i poboljšanim performansama
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10130[103] Fast prsten:29. maj 2015.Slow prsten:12. juni 2015.
    • Start se može personalizirati na novoj strani u Podešavanjima (Personalization > Start)
    • Novi dizajn ikona
    • Novi korisnički interfejs za skočne liste
    • Poboljšanja Continuuma
    • Poboljšanja predglednika Microsoft Edge (koji se i dalje naziva Project Spartan u ovoj verziji)
    • Poboljšanja reprodukcije datoteka u aplikaciji Movies & TV
    • Cortanino prepoznavanje govora se može pokrenuti preko prečice WinKey + C
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10158[104] Fast prsten:29. juni 2015.
    • Project "Spartan" sad koristi naziv Microsoft Edge
    • Nove funkcije u pregledniku Microsoft Edge
    • Razna poboljšanja i profinjenja korisničkog interfejsa
    • Ažuriranja za Cortanu i njenu integraciju
    • Ažurirana aplikacija Slike
    • Alat za izrezivanje sada sadrži tajmer
    • Aplikcija Insider Hub više nije predinstalirana
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10159[105] Fast prsten:30. juni 2015.
    • Službena pozadina sistema Windows 10 naziva "Hero" je predinstalirana
    • Redizajnirani ekran za prijavu
    • Preko 300 ispravki
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10162[106] Fast prsten:2. juli 2015.Slow prsten:6. juli 2015.
    • Poboljšana pouzdanost
    • Poboljšane performanse
    • Poboljšano trajanje baterije
    • Poboljšana kompatibilnost
    Stara verzija, više se ne podržaj: 10.0.10166[107] Fast prsten:9. juli 2015.
    Trenutna stabilna verzija: 10.0.10240 (Th2)[109] Fast prsten:15. juli 2015.Slow prsten:15. juli 2015.Javno izdanje:29. juli 2015.
    • RTM verzija sistema
    • Dodatne ispravke
    • Uklonjen žig s radne površine
    • Poboljšanje preglednika Microsoft Edge

    Osnovni zahtjevi za instalaciju sistema Windows 10 su isti kao i za Windows 8.1. Uređaji s komprimiranim operativnim sistemom (uključujući neke uređaje s 32 GB i sve uređaje s 16 GB prostora) ili računari koji koriste starije 64-bitne procesore možda neće biti podržani.[110][111]

    Certificirani tableti moraju tastere za Paljenje i gašenje uređaja, Pojačavanje i Smanjenje zvuka, dok se tasteri poput ⊞ Win i Zaključavanje rotacije više ne zahtjevaju.[113] Poput sistema Windows 8, svi certificirani uređaji moraju imati uključeno UEFI Secure Boot (sigurno pokretanje). Za razliku od sistema Windows 8, proizvođači originalne opreme više nisu dužni omogućiti promjenu podešavanja sigurnog pokretanja sistema, što znači da se pojedini uređaji mogu namjestiti da samo pokreću Microsoftove operativne sisteme.[116] Podržana infracrvena kamera je potrebna za ovjeru autentičnosti lica pomoću funkcije Windows Hello.[117] Device Guard (bosanski: Zaštitnik uređaja) zahtjeva UEFI sistem bez učitanih certifikacija nezavisnih proizvođača i proširenja za virtualizaciju procesora (uključujući SLAT i IOMMU) u upravljačkom softveru.[117]

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